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LANG. ACQUISITION FOR BIG AND LITTLE KIDS. Stages of L1 acquisition What is a repetitive CV pattern? What is the purpose of this stage?

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Presentation on theme: "LANG. ACQUISITION FOR BIG AND LITTLE KIDS. Stages of L1 acquisition What is a repetitive CV pattern? What is the purpose of this stage?"— Presentation transcript:

1 LANG. ACQUISITION FOR BIG AND LITTLE KIDS

2 Stages of L1 acquisition What is a repetitive CV pattern? What is the purpose of this stage?

3 Stages of L1 acquisition What happens at this stage? Can you think of examples?

4 Stages of L1 acquisition What kind of mini-sentences might appear? What kind of relationships? -Mommy wet -Hat blue

5 Stages of L1 acquisition Age 24 mos. Her gone school.

6 Stages of L1 acquisition Age 36 mos. I’m having this little one. Me’ll have that.

7 Vocab. Learning  Initially, 1-3 words week  Learn 40 words, 8- 10/week  Pre-school elementary 10 words/day!!!!!

8 Behaviorism  What is behaviorism?  Pavlov’s dog and pigeon’spigeon’s  How does this apply to language learning?  Parent, or interlocuter rewards correct utterances by child, incorrect utterances not rewarded.  What’s the problem?  Kids don’t repeat exactly what adults say!??!?  Kids use and apply rules that are not taught.

9 Chomsky, Innatism  What did Noam Chomsky suggest about language learning?  LAD, Language Acquisition Device  Kids, and adults hear language,  Computer in the box decodes it  Computer creates rules and sets parameters  Computer can generate limitless combinations of grammatically correct utterances based on these rules.

10 Chomsky, Innatism  What is the evidence for and against this theory?  + Groups of people spontaneously form languages without overt planning, i.e. creoles  + Brain damage to certain areas causes specific language problems with structure  + Feral children  - language must be directed at child for them to learn, watching TV alone won’t work!!!!???

11 Piaget  Who is he?  What did he suggest about language learning in kids?  If you can’t think about it you can’t say it.  Kids in Biling. education  Seriation  Compare objects of different size  Object permanence = learning more vocab. Object permanence

12 Piaget  What evidence is there against his theories?  Hard to connect language learning with intellectual development after 18 months.

13 Input and interaction theories  Do you talk differently to one and two year olds than 31 and 32 year olds?  Why?  Interactionists say Child Directed Speech is necessary for L1 acquisition  Instead of LASS (Language Acquisition Support System)  Instead of LAD (Language Acquisition Device

14 Input and interaction theories  What evidence is there for and against this theory?  + Language directed at children seems to affect acquisition.  - Some cultures don’t use caregiver talk and they still acquire language.  - Children generally pass through same stages across cultures.

15 Let’s vote  Which of the theories best explains child L1 acquisition?  Behaviorism  Chomsky’s innatist approach  Piaget’s cognitive theory  Interaction and Input

16 Second Language Acquisition  Who is this man?

17  Input Hypothesis  What is input?  Where does input go?  LAD, the little black box.  Basic Premise=with sufficient input at the i+1 level acquisition (Accurate use of Grammar, Listening, and Speaking) will result.  NOTHING else is necessary.  Input leads to speaking, no need to practice speaking.  Let’s try it out. Listen to this input and tell me what you think.input  i+1 or “comprehensible” input.  Let’s try again. LADInputoutput Hola, ¿Cómo te llamas? No, preferiría que el presidente utilizara su poder de otro modo, por ejemplo El País, BBC Mundo, La voz de tu maestra

18  Affective filter  What is affect?  With whom do you feel the most comfortable or uncomfortable speaking your second language?  Acquisition can only occur when the affective filter is lowered. LADInputoutput Hola, ¿Cómo te llamas? No, preferiría que el presidente utilizara su poder de otro modo, por ejemplo El País, BBC Mundo, La voz de tu maestra

19  Acquisition v. Learning  Teaching grammar, Acq or Learn?  Explicit teaching of grammar, examples???  Monitor  When can you use the monitor?  Natural order of acquistion, morpheme studies. LADInputoutput Hola, ¿Cómo te llamas? No, preferiría que el presidente utilizara su poder de otro modo, por ejemplo…… El País, BBC Mundo, La voz de tu maestra Monitor Pluperfect subj., pret. For one time events, a=la o=el

20 Interaction Hypothesis  Interacting drives lang. acquisition, NOT input alone.  Interaction provides several benefits  Learn conversation patterns, turn taking, pragmatics  Evidence  Hypothesis testing

21  Input-Evidence  +/-  Positive evidence for language learners  i.e. Hearing native speakers….in person, t.v. etc.  Negative evidence for language learners.

22 Negative evidence for language learners, implicit or explicit.  Child/Student: I seed the man. Parent/Teacher: No, we say “I saw the man.”  NNS: There’s a basen of flowers on the bookshelf.  NS: a basin?  NNS: base  NS: a base?  NNS: a base  NS: oh, a vase  NNS: vase  Which of these two interactions is more useful to the learner?  Now which is more important generally in language learning, positive or negative evidence?

23 Swain and Comprehensible Output, what is it good for?  Semantic use to syntactic use, How?  Me dog like play pet  Through output, receive feedback.  Hypothesis testing  Automaticity  Practicing comprehension improves comprehension (DeKeyser & Sokalski 1996)  Practicing output improves Production, Krashen?

24  Gass’s model of SLA  What is the difference between the three middle stages?  Eg. You hear, ¿Cuánto cuesta el sombrero?  Then what happens?  Where would you put these two? Noticing Gap Hypothesis testing


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