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Essential Question #1 1. Please take out your study guides for a stamp and then begin writing this question down. What were the three most important effects.

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Presentation on theme: "Essential Question #1 1. Please take out your study guides for a stamp and then begin writing this question down. What were the three most important effects."— Presentation transcript:

1 Essential Question #1 1. Please take out your study guides for a stamp and then begin writing this question down. What were the three most important effects the geography of China had on its people? If you want a challenge (and have extra time after doing all your other homework and having fun), turn it into a short 5 paragraph essay.

2 Geography Challenge #4 1. Open your TCI Books (RED Books) to p We will read “Setting the Stage” together and then you may work on your Geography Challenge.3. You may work by yourself or with 1 (ONE) other person. 4. Please answer the questions on the back of the map or a separate piece of paper in black or blue pen.5. You may write in pencil on the map itself. 6. If you finish early start answering Essential Question #1 If you have a good one I’ll let your section out first.

3 Question #1 Label the Sea of Japan, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, the South China Sea, the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Red Sea. Look at the map of Asia on page 423. What three island chains east of China might have become important Chinese trading partners?

4 Answer #1 Japan, the Philippines, and Indonesia became important Chinese trading partners.

5 Label the Sea of Japan, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, the South China Sea, the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Red Sea.

6 Question #2 Label the Plateau of Tibet, the Tian Shan, and the Himalayas. Why would these geographic features make sea trade more popular than overland trade?

7 Answer #2 Travel in these areas would be difficult because of climate, mountainous terrain, and altitude.

8 Label the Plateau of Tibet, the Tian Shan, and the Himalayas.

9 Question #3 Label the Huang He and the Chang Jiang. Why do you think the land near these rivers would be heavily populated?

10 Answer #3 The rivers could be used for fishing and transportation, and they supplied water for farming.

11 Label the Huang He and the Chang Jiang.

12 Question #4 Label the Taklamakan and Gobi Deserts. When traders wished to take a land route to the eastern Mediterranean, they had to travel across these deserts. Explain why each of these might be important to such travelers: oases, camels, and military posts.

13 Answer #4 Oases provided water for travelers. Camels were used as pack animals. Military posts provided protection from bandits.

14 Label the Taklamakan and Gobi Deserts.

15 Question #5 Draw a line showing a possible sea route from China to the southern tip of India. Begin at the mouth of the Chang Jiang. Why might knowledge of the compass have allowed the Chinese to be the world’s greatest sea power at one time?

16 Answer #5 The compass allowed the Chinese to travel at times when the sun and stars were not visible.

17 Draw a line showing a possible sea route from China to the southern tip of India. Begin at the mouth of the Chang Jiang.

18 Question #6 Look at the maps of Asia on pages 422–423 of your book. What large country is separated from China by the Himalayas? What countries are located on the peninsula northeast of China?

19 Answer #6 India is separated from China by the Himalayas. North Korea and South Korea are on the peninsula northeast of China.

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21 Question #7 Look at the map of Asia on page 423. How large is China compared with other countries in Asia? List two geographical reasons why governing a united China might be difficult.

22 Answer #7 China is the largest country in Asia. Governing it might be difficult because of its size and because mountains and deserts separate different areas of the country.

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24 Question #8 Look at the map of Asia on page 423. What country north of China is located nearest the Huang He? Give one reason why people living in this area might have often attacked China.

25 Answer #8 Mongolia is the country north of China that is nearest the Huang He. People living here might have wanted to raid the farms near the river or to control the river.

26 What country north of China is located nearest the Huang He?

27 Geography Challenge #4 1. What do you now know about China that you didn’t know before? 2. What information from this map do you think will be most important in our study of China?3. What questions about China did this activity raise? (were there any questions left unanswered by the map?)

28 Essential Question #1 What were the three most important affects the geography of China had on its people? If you want a challenge (and have extra time after doing all your other homework and having fun), turn it into a short 5 paragraph essay.

29 Correcting Chapter 6 Study Guide, Section 1 This will help you on the test to do well! 1. Please take out a different color pen than you worked in to correct your work. 2. You may also want to use that pen to underline or a highlighter to mark what parts of your answer I mention as very important.

30 Question 1 Q: (Use the key term “Period of Disunion” properly in your answer.) Describe what happened to China following the collapse of the Han dynasty (pg. 166)? A: After the Han dynasty collapsed the empire split into rival kingdoms ruled by military leaders. This period is known as the Period of Disunion, due to all the war and disorder that occurred at the time.

31 Question 2 Q: How did Chinese culture change during the Period of Disunion (pg. 166)?A: During the Period of Disunion new types of art, music, food, and clothing styles developed as a result of the mixing of cultures, also known as cultural diffusion.

32 Question 3 Q: What were two great achievements of the Sui Dynasty (pg. 167)?A: During the Sui Dynasty the Grand Canal, a canal linking northern and southern China, was built. Additionally, and more importantly, during the Sui dynasty Yang Jian conquered the south, unified China, and helped to restore order to China.

33 Question 4 Q: (Short Answer) How do historians view the Tang dynasty and why (pg. 167)?

34 A: Historians view the Tang dynasty as the golden age of Chinese civilization for many reasons. First, during the dynasty China grew to include much of eastern Asia, as well as parts of central Asia. In addition, during the Tang dynasty China was unified through programs such as reform of the military, creation of law codes, and a land reform policy (which allowed people to work and benefit from a piece of land appropriate with the amount of work they could get done). Finally culture flourished during this time period, with many of its finest poets writing during the time period. These are the reasons why historians view the Tang dynasty as the golden age of Chinese civilization. (A golden age means a period of wealth or great achievement).

35 Question 5 1.What was unique about the Tang dynasty (pg. 168)?A: The Tang dynasty was unique because during it Empress Wu ruled, the only woman ever to rule China. She was very strict and not well liked, but respected for the stability and prosperity she brought to China during her rule.

36 Question 6 Q: During what period did Buddhism develop into a major religion in China and why? (pg. 168)A: Buddhism developed into a major religion in China in the Period of Disunion. Many people turned to Buddhism at the time because its teachings that people can escape suffering and achieve a state of peace were comforting.

37 Question 7 Q: What were some reasons why Buddhism spread (pg. 168)? A: Buddhism spread for several reasons. One reason that is spread was because many wealthy people donated land and money to Buddhist temples. Additionally, Chinese missionaries spread the religion to Japan, Korea, and other Asian lands. Finally, during a period of time known as the Age of Buddhism, Buddhism had a large affect on art, literature, and architecture in China. These are the reasons why Buddhism was able to successfully spread.

38 Question 8 Q: Why do you think that the Tang emperor launched a campaign against Buddhism (pgs /Infer)?A: Maybe the Tang emperor felt that his rule might be threatened by Buddhism since it had such a large effect on the culture and society of China.

39 Essential Question #2 What were the key elements to keeping China unified?

40 If YOU were there... Turn to page 166 in your Holt (BLUE Books).


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