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Paragraph as a Sandwich. Paragraph as a Sandwich ***Mary Basson, Kate Gay, Elaine Griffin University School of Milwaukee Top Slice: Argumentative Claim.

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Presentation on theme: "Paragraph as a Sandwich. Paragraph as a Sandwich ***Mary Basson, Kate Gay, Elaine Griffin University School of Milwaukee Top Slice: Argumentative Claim."— Presentation transcript:

1 Paragraph as a Sandwich

2 Paragraph as a Sandwich ***Mary Basson, Kate Gay, Elaine Griffin University School of Milwaukee Top Slice: Argumentative Claim makes an interpretive statement; portion of essays argument Filling: Support/Evidence/Quote that supports the claim provides concrete (textual) support for the claim Bottom Slice: Commentary about the quotefunctions to provide further explanation

3 CLAIM Must be arguable! Indicated in RED Practice: Is this a claim? Answers the question or the addresses issue (mentions work title and author) Hitler was one of the top influential figures of the Twentieth Century. Heinz popularized ketchup in American cuisine.

4 In Nicholas D. Kristofs column Obama and the War on Brains, he claims that Obama is ushering in a new age in American politics and education since he proudly displays his intellect. When asserting that recent presidents are not intellectuals, Kristof references that Kennedy, serving as president over 60 years ago, was the last president who was unapologetic about his intellect (1). Insinuating that America is in dire need for intelligent leadership, he hopes that during Obamas presidency, the nation will turn in a more positive direction, and in a direction where people will value intellectualismvalue more than knowledge, but ideas. Since our world is not full of black and white, but of complexity, Kristof hopes that with Obama as president, more people will strive for learnedness so that they may deal with the constantly changing nuances of our world.

5 FILLING References the text/specifics Indicated in GREEN Specific evidence/quote Supports Claim 1 st line of defense against those who will disagree with you

6 Commentary Your thoughts!! Indicated in BLUE FULL EXPLANATION What is the greater importance? Answers the question: So What? Still arguable Vital to audiences acceptance

7 SOLID PARAGRAPH Arguable Claim + Filling/Support + Commentary AUDIENCE AGREEMENT

8 3 Condiments to serve up quotations Three amounts (smallest to biggest introduction): Dab Dollop Lotsa Sauce Green and Underlined

9 Condiments for Serving Up Quotations DAB simplest form of serving up a quotationsmallest # of writer supplied words Provides just the bare minimum of words to announce the appearance of a quotation from a text Useful when the writer has already established the context of the quotation in previous sentences and needs only to supply the exact quotation to make the point of the claim

10 Example of a DAB Kristof writes, Perhaps John Kennedy was the last president who was unapologetic about his intellect (1).

11 DOLLOP Involves a bit more writing as it links the support/quote to the claim Provides significant detail from the reading so it is appropriate when the reader needs to be reminded of the context of the quotation

12 Example of a DOLLOP When asserting that recent presidents are not intellectuals, Kristof writes, Perhaps John Kennedy was the last president who was unapologetic about his intellect (1).

13 LOTSA SAUCE Requires extensive writing surrounding just a tiny quotation, phrase, or important word from the text Allows the writer both to maintain coherence with the claim and to maintain the writers own tone while still grounding the development of the argument in the text

14 Example of LOTSA SAUCE When asserting that recent presidents are not intellectuals, Kristof references that Kennedy, who served as president over 60 years ago, was the last president who was unapologetic about his intellect (1).

15 Dont forget to cite the text Condiment, text (Author pg#). Citation for this article: (Kristof 1). PERIOD goes on the outside of the citation!

16 Add the Commentary = Done In Nicholas D. Kristofs column Obama and the War on Brains, he claims that Obama is ushering in a new age in American politics and education since he proudly displays his intellect. When asserting that recent presidents are not intellectuals, Kristof references that Kennedy, who served as president over 60 years ago, was the last president who was unapologetic about his intellect (1). Insinuating that America is in dire need for intelligent leadership, he hopes that during Obamas presidency, the nation will turn in a more positive direction, and in a direction where people will value intellectualism value more than knowledge, but ideas. Since our world is not full of black and white, but of complexity, Kristof hopes that with Obama as president, more people will strive for learnedness so that they may deal with the constantly changing nuances of our world.

17 Now it is time to practice… You will be in charge of writing 1 paragraph in this format responding to the article, Obama and the War on Brains. You will need to develop an arguable claim Introduce your support using a dab, dollop, or lotsa sauce Include your filling or supporting quote with a (citation) Provide commentary that dominates your paragraph

18 REMINDERS!!! Claims, Quotes, and Commentary are parts not sentences! When using a quotation, you must introduce it with a dab, dollop, or lotsa sauce. No quote should ever exist on its own. All sentences must be completeEven sentences with quotations! Commentary should dominate your paragraph! Check for absolute requirements and other errors! Elements must be color-coded to receive credit!

19 Absolute Requirements Text Specifics (authors name, title of work in beginning) Quote from Text (supporting / on topic / no stand-alones) Quote Intro (your own words...dab, dollop, lotsa sauce) MLA Citation (Author #). NO fragments, NO run-ons, No tense shift, correct comma usage, capital letters NO 1st (I/me/myself) or 2nd (you/your/yourself) person NO contractions Poems and Articles in quotes Write out all words


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