2AustinStephen F. Austin believed that Santa Anna was becoming a dictator.“War is our only recourse. There is no other remedy. We must defend our rights, ourselves, and our country by force of arms.”
3Mexican ArmyGeneral Cos brought more soldiers to San Antonio, bringing the number to 650.What do you think was the reaction to this by the Texas settlers?Officials were afraid of radicals like William B. Travis.Rumors spread through Texas that Cos was planning to arrest all Texan leaders and march them back to Mexico.
4Gonzales October 2, 1835 Known as the “Lexington of Texas.” Colonel Ugarthechea ordered the people of Gonzales to surrender their small brass cannon.The town official refused and sent runners to gather more troops.In response, Ugartechea ordered 100 soldiers to take the cannon by force
5The townsfolk buried the cannon in a peach orchard until reinforcements arrived. The Texan forces dug up the cannon an mounted it on a wagon.“Come and Take It”160 Texans commanded by Colonel John H. Moore.1 Mexican soldier killed
9San AntonioOctober 9, 1835120 Texans took the presidio at Goliad by surprise.The only large Mexican Army left was in San Antonio, commanded by General Cos.Austin took command of 300 Texans at Gonzales and marched to Texas.Grew to 400 by the time they reached San AntonioArmy of the PeopleCos commanded 750After a brief fight, the Texans laid a siege to San Antonio?
10Peace and War War Party Peace Party Consultation at San Felipe Favored immediate declaration of independencePeace PartyFavored a proclamation saying they were only fighting for the Mexican Constitution of 1824Consultation at San FelipeNovember 6, 1835
11The Grass FightStephen F. Austin left his command at San Antonio to ask for aid from the United States.Edward Burleson chosen to command army.The Texas forces went to intercept a caravan they thought was carrying silver to pay Cos’s troops.The caravan was only carrying grass for Cos’s horsesWith little action and Winter coming, many of the Texans returned home.
12The assault on san antonio The Siege of Bexar“Who will go with old Ben Milam into San Antonio?”Milam led a group of 300 volunteers to San Antonio.Assault began on December 5, 1835Lasted 4 daysMilam’s troops had the advantage because Mexican troops were only equipped for fighting on open fields.Milam killed in the fightingThe Mexican army took refuge in the abandoned mission known as the Alamo.Cos asked for surrender and promised he would never again fight against the colonists or the Constitution of 1824.
13Cos and his soldiers were allowed to return to Mexico. Significant victory400 Texans defeated 1000 Mexican troops2 Texans killed, 21 wounded150 Mexican troops killed, wounded, or capturedWith the capture of San Antonio and Goliad, Texas soil was free of Mexican troops.
14Provisional Government Governor Henry SmithWorked while the fighting was going on in San Antonio.Plans were made for a post office, navy, and army.Also appealed to the U.S. for money, men, and suppliesA convention was planned but Smith vetoed the proposal.Smith also vetoed a plan to capture the Mexican town of Matamoros.Nearly resulted in a breakdown from lack of cooperation.What should have the council been doing?
15Santa Anna crosses into texas The Texas provisional government made plans to meet again in March of 1836.Didn’t think Santa Anna would march to Texas.Why?February 1836, Santa Anna crossed the Rio Grande into Texas.Headed straight to San AntonioThe Texans still remaining in San Antonio moved into the Alamo.Other Texans traveled to Washington-on-the-Brazos.
16Independence Washington-on-the-Brazos A few cabinsSite for a convention of elected delegatesMeeting to decide, yet again, Texas’s futureDelegates met in near-freezing temperature in an unfinished building.Convention of 1836Began working on March 159 delegatesOnly 2 of the members were native TexansJose Antonio Navarro and Jose Francisco Ruiz
17Passed a motion to write a declaration of independence from Mexico. Written by George C. Childress (maybe)The Texas Declaration of Independence was similar to the U.S. Declaration of Independence.Written 60 years earlierTexas DOIStated that Santa Anna had violated the liberties guaranteed under the Mexican Constitution of 1824Charged that the Texans had been deprived of freedom of religion, the right to trial by jury, the right to bear arms, and the right to petition the government.Charged that Mexico had failed to provide a system of public education.Justified the use of force due to Mexico sending it’s armies first.
18“The people of Texas, in solemn convention assembled, appealing to a candid world for the necessities of our condition., do hereby resolve and declare that our political connection with the Mexican nation has forever ended; and that the people fo Texas do now constitute a free, sovereign, and independent republic.”The Declaration of Independence was adopted by unanimous vote on March 2, 1836.
19ConstitutionAfter the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, the convention turned to writing a constitution.Took two weeks to complete (March 16, 1836)Similar to U.S. Constitution3 branches of governmentLegislative, executive, and judicialContained a Bill of RightsGuaranteed freedom of speech, press, religion, trial by jury, and other basic “civil rights.”Some parts of the constitution were based on practices common in Spanish-Mexican law.Property was jointly owned by husbands and wivesMeasures to help those in debtMinisters and priests could not hold public officeSlavery was made legal
20Ad interim Government Ad Interim = temporary Why would the delegates create an Ad Interim Government instead of holding elections?David G. Burnet chosen as PresidentFormer EmpresarioEarly Texas settlerSam Houston was chosen as commander in chief of the army.Put in charge of the volunteers and the regular armyWhy would this be a big deal?
21The Alamo FallsMarch 15, 1836 – The convention learns that Santa Anna has taken control of the Alamo.March 17, 1836 – Messengers arrived to report that Santa Anna was marching toward Washington-on-the-Brazos.The ad interim government moved to Harrisburg and later Galveston.