2-ar (hablar) –er (comer) –ir (vivir) Spanish verbsIn Spanish there are 3 types of infinitive verb endings:-ar (hablar) –er (comer) –ir (vivir)An infinitive is the base form of a verb e.g to speak (hablar), to eat (comer) and to live (vivir)A verb is made up of 2 different parts; the stem and the ending. For example:Habl…ar = HablarCom…er = ComerViv…ir = Vivir
3ConjugatingConjugation is the process of changing the infinitive form of the verb to suit who or what is doing the action. In regular present tense verbs this relates to changing the ending of the word (–ar –er –ir) , but in irregular present tense verbs the stem is changed as well as the ending.
4Regular verbs – drop the ending & replace with who is doing the action. Who (English)Who (Spanish)-AR-ER-IRIYo+oYouTú+as+esHe/She/ItÉl/Ella+a+eYou (formal)UstedWeNosotros/as+amos+emos+imosYou (all)Vosotros/as+áis+éis+ísTheyEllos/Ellas+an+enYou (all – formal)UstedesTask: Translate – We look, They learn and I open
5List of regular verbspasar to pass, to pass on, to spend (time), to happendeber to owe, must, should, ought toquedar to stay, remainhablar to speakllevar to carry, bringdejar to leave, abandon, to let, allowllamar to call, to nametomar to take, drinkvivir to livetratar to treat, handlemirar to watch, look atesperar to hopeexistir to existentrar to enter, go in, come intrabajar to workocurrir to occur, happenrecibir to receive, to welcome, greetterminar to finish, endpermitir to permit, allownecesitar to need, requireresultar to turn out (to be)cambiar to changepresentar to introducecrear to create, to makeconsiderar to consideracabar to finish, end
6Irregular verbs (stem changers) Some Spanish verbs (irregulars) are called stem changes because when conjugated the stem changes. They still have the same ending as any regular infinitive.Like the endings in regular verbs (AR, ER & IR) there are 3 types of stem changes that can be made. This depends what letter the infinitive form of the irregular verb has. If it includes an O then it us replaced with UE, an E replaced with IE and sometimes an E replaced with I.In each grouping of stem changing verbs the stem changes except for the nosotros and vosotros forms of the verb for example;tener - to havevenir - to cometengo tienes tiene tenemos tenéis tienenvengo vienes viene venimos venís vienen
7List of irregular verbs Competir to conceive despedir to fire impedir to impede medir to measure pedir to ask for Poder one can repetir to repeat servir to serve teñir to color, dye, stain vestir to dress
8Ser & EstarIn Spanish, there are two verbs that can be translated as "to be." These two verbs are ser and estar.estarserestoy estás está estamos estáis estánsoy eres es somos sois son
9When to use ser & estar? Ser is used to express: the hour, day, and dateplace of originoccupationnationalityreligious or political affiliationthe material something is made ofpossessionrelationship of one person to anothercertain impersonal expressionswhere an event is taking placeessential qualitiesEstar is used to express:geographic or physical locationstate or conditionmany idiomatic expressionsprogressive tenses
10Ser & Estar cntd.When the verb "to be" is followed by a noun, the verb ser is always used.When the verb "to be" is followed by an adjective, the verb used depends upon the meaning. When referring to an essential characteristic, use ser. When referring to a state or condition, use estar.When the verb "to be" is followed by an adjective, the verb can actually change the meaning of the adjective. El profesor está aburrido;The professor is bored//El profesor es aburrido; The professor is boring.To tell where something is located right now, use estar.To tell where an event is taking place, use ser.