Intersection of the three climate zones: Mediterranean Iran-Turan and Siberia
Flora of Turkey contains: 173 families, 1244 genera, 9150 species and over 12.000 generic taxa. The endemism rate is 34,5% each year about 20 new species or taxa are recorded. Despite abundance of natural resources, flora affected by degradation, particularly soil erosion. Galanthus peschmeni
Number of endemic plants Map of Endemic Plants of Turkey
Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Turkey The flora possess about 3000 aromatic plant taxa 1000 species are used variously for medicinal purposes 200 of MAP have export potential 70-100 plants taxa are exported Origanum hypericifolium Salvia fruticosa
Cultivation practices for commercial production are common for: Poppy Anis Rose Fennel Cummin Coriander Dill, ect. but… cultivation practices for MAP are not common majority of exported herbs are harvested from wild sources Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Turkey Thymus sipyleus subsp. sipyleus var. davisianus Sideritis lycia
Foodstuffs: fresh (Crocus, Rheum, Rumex, etc) or cooked (Malvae, Urtica, Gundelia, Apium etc) herbs or flavoring properties (Allium, Menthae, Thymus, Origanum, etc.) Cosmetics: essential oil, perfumes and colognes, deodorants, hair products, beauty and skin treatment (Rose, Lavandula, Aloe vera, Rosmarinus officinalis, Calendula officinalis, Urtica dioica, etc. ) Crocus mathewi
Dyestuffs: Carpet and fabric dying (Rubia and Gallae) Drugs: Naturally growing or cultivated plants, usage of oils (Ophiognomonia rosae, O. thymi), aquas (Aqua menthae, A. melissa) and parts of the plants (Semen pegani, Terebenthina, Radix liquiritae, Folia lauroceraci, Valonea) Ophrys climacis
Researchers of the Batı Akdeniz Agriculture Research Institute ( BATEM) and other institutes of MFAL Farmers, especially women farmers, dealing with MAP collection, characterization, cultivation and utilization. Farmer organizations, Industrialists, Traders who export or import MAP products Salvia fruticosa Origanum vulgare subsp. hirtum
Project Justification Most MAP collected from wild. Continued commercial exploitation resulted in receding the population. Conservation, efficient utilization and cultivation is urgently needed. In situ and Ex-situ conservation cannot meet demand of industry. Develop cultural practices and propagate in suitable conditions.
Impact The overall development goal of the project is to contribute to food security and poverty alleviation by increasing production of aromatic and medicinal plant products through the preservation, evaluation and utilization of the species that are adapted to local physical and climatic conditions, stresses and farming systems.
Outcome and Outputs The project’s outcome is t o increase capacity of researchers and farmers including women farmers dealing with MAP to enhance the preservation, cultivation and use of MAP species achieved through trainings, transfer of modern and conventional approaches as well as networking.
Output 1 Discuss the project objectives with a wide group of stakeholders in inception workshop. Assess the needs for trainings and develop training materials. Organize of a study tour in Europe on preservation and utilization of MAP. Training course on evaluation and characterization of MAP species. Participate in the international scientific forums. Conduct a National Conference on evaluation, characterization and protection of MAP Researchers and PGR specialists trained in evaluation and characterization of MAP’ activities
Output 2 A two-day training on collection and preservation of endangered species of MAP. Collect sample seeds and vegetative parts of MAP for further preservation ex-situ and cultivation in-situ. Study on domestication of endangered MAP species. Study of the reproductive biology of the plants and analyses of the ecotypes. Study on sustainable and efficient agronomic practices. Pilot site for demonstration of domestication and cultivation of MAP. Reliable mechanism for production of high quality and genetically pure seeds and planting material of MAP. Collection of endangered species of MAP, transformation for in situ and ex situ conservation and use improved
Output 3 Conduct three awareness raising training workshops (one in each pilot area – Antalya, Isparta and Burdur) for farmers communities on protection, sustainable collection, cultivation and utilization of MAP Development and publication of leaflets, posters and booklets on MAP conservation and utilization for beneficiaries. Awareness raised on endangered MAP species
Output 4 Conduct the stakeholders meeting to review the Terms of Reference for the Network and activities. Establishment of the National Network under BATEM web site to attract regional and international attention. The network will play an important catalytic role in establishing linkages and cooperation. Provid additional expertise and facilities to expand the Network activities. Develop a national strategy to prescribe the action plans for the conservation and use of MAP in the country. A National Network on MAP establishment and hosted by the BATEM
Output 5 Conduct biochemical assays of the active ingredients including comparisons of the properties of wild and “domesticated” progeny and to ascertain the genetic diversity of the accessions. Conduct training for trainers on quality evaluation of raw material. Conduct training on quality evaluation of raw material by local trainers for lab workers. Capacities on cultivation of MAP and quality evaluation of raw material for industry improved
Implementation and management arrangements Project budget – USD180,000 Implemented by FAO-SEC in close collaboration with MFAL and BATEM. Backstopping provided by FAO-AGP International Consultants: MAP Evaluation & Characterization – two missions for 7 days each, including travel MAP Quality Evaluation – one mission for 7 days including travel National Consultants: MAP Evaluation, Characterization and product Quality Control - Team Leader – 6 months on WAE basis MAP Collection and Cultivation - 8 months on WAE basis
Project Team Prof. Dr. Hafiz MUMINJANOV (FAO- SEC) Dr. Ahu ÇINAR (BATEM) Researchers 6 PhD 7 Agricultural Engineers 5 PhD Students 4 Biologists 5 MSc 2 Chemists 1 Technician 1 IT Specialist
Infrastructure Greenhouse and field 0.5 hectar greenhouse > 2 hectar field
Infrastructure Collection Garden More then 400 taxa Lamiaceae Asteraceae Rubiaceae Boraginaceae, ect
Infrastructure Projects on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 1 GEF Nutrition Project 1 Regional Development Agency Project 15 National Project Topics: Protection, adaptation, cultivation, harvesting, processing, storage and etc.