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PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT (Page 9) 1. Progressives wanted more government regulation to protect workers rights and business competition 2. Believed government.

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Presentation on theme: "PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT (Page 9) 1. Progressives wanted more government regulation to protect workers rights and business competition 2. Believed government."— Presentation transcript:

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2 PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT (Page 9) 1. Progressives wanted more government regulation to protect workers rights and business competition 2. Believed government should increase social welfare programs such as unemployment, health insurance, and social security 3. Wanted more citizen involvement in government

3 GOALS OF THE PROGRESSIVES (Page 10) Government should: 1. be more accountable to citizens 2. Reduce power and influence of the wealthy 3. Expand their power to improve lives of citizens

4 URBAN LIVING CONDITIONS (Page 11) 1. Tenements were dirty, run-down and overcrowded 2. Sewers attracted rats and contagious diseases spread easily due to crammed spaces 3. Muckrakers exposed poor conditions in tenement houses and industry; Jacob Riiss, How the Other Half Lives, led to New York States passage of laws to improve tenements

5 ARGUMENTS USED TO DENY WOMEN SUFFRAGE (Page 12) 1. Threat to the stability of American society and government 2. Worried that women would become too masculine 3. Concerned that politicians would manipulate them 4. Believed politics would distract them from their home duties 5. Polls reflected that many women did not want to vote

6 WOMENS SUFFRAGE (Page 13) 2. Married women could buy, sell, and be willed property; women investigated and publicized poor social conditions – all due to NAWSA 3. Years of legal efforts failed; NAWSA efforts helped women win suffrage 4. Congress gave into political pressure and work of NAWSA; they were disturbed when the heard how some women reformers were treated in filthy jails 19 th Amendment – gave women the right to vote in 1920

7 AFRICAN AMERICAN EDUCATION (Page 14) Booker T. Washington W.E.B. Du Bois Taught students the skills they needed to survive in American society Urged blacks to use their intellect Believed whites will accept blacks if they succeeded economically Some whites worried educated blacks would seek equality Believed brightest blacks should step forward and lead their people in their quest for equality Only when blacks gain knowledge of the world will they be able to lead

8 GAINS IN THE PACIFIC (Page 15) 1. U.S. renewed a treaty that allowed Hawaiian sugar to be sold to the nation duty-free; Hawaii leased Pearl Harbor to the U.S. as a fueling and repair station; white planters forced king to accept a new constitution; 1893 – Marines and Dole removed Queen Liliukalani from power 2. McKinley claimed it was Manifest Destiny; Congress agreed U.S. needed naval stations to protect our trade

9 AN OPEN DOOR TO CHINA (Page 15) Spheres of Influence = areas of economic and political control set up in China by Russia, Germany, Britain, and France 1. Open Door Policy = Secretary of State, John Hay (U.S.), wanted European powers to allow them equal access to Chinas millions of consumers 2. Boxer Rebellion (1900) = Chinese society of Boxers wanted foreigners out of their country so they massacred 300 foreigners and Christian Chinese; U.S. and European forces defeated the Boxer rebellion

10 YELLOW JOURNALISM (Page 16) The Journal – U.S. newspaper that printed a story about a young Cuban girl being help prisoner and mistreated by the Spanish – controversial story made Americans angry Controversial stories led to high profits Americans felt ready to take action outside of their borders since the U.S. was growing and becoming more powerful All this contributed to our entry into the Spanish- American war

11 SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR (Page 17 ) 1. The de Lome letter (Spanish minister to the US who made fun of McKinley), sinking of the USS Maine, rebellion in the Philippines and Cuba 2. McKinley inspired Americans by telling them to Remember the Maine! (our battleship that exploded in January 1898 – it was unclear how it blew up but the press blamed Spain) 3. Treaty of Paris – U.S. issued Teller Amendment (we would have no interest in controlling Cuba), Cuba became independent, Spain gave the U.S. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines for $20 million Platt Amendment – gave U.S. the power to intervene in Cuban affairs and prevented them from making treaties

12 PANAMA CANAL (Page 18) 1. U.S. had the French company who owned the canal- building rights to stage a Panamanian rebellion against Colombia; U.S. threatened to use its fleet against Colombia and proclaimed itself Panamas protector; Hay-Bunau-Virilla Treaty (1803) – gave the U.S. the grant to build the canal in an independent Panama for $10 million 2. Easier transportation, connected Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, gave us more power and influence in Latin America 3. Complete control of Panama Canal Zone = better trading and military bases


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