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Algebra I B. MacDonald

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What is a GCF? What is a GCF? Factoring out a GCF Factoring out a GCF

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Greatest Common Factor ◦ Largest number all values are divisible by ◦ The most variables the monomials have in common If there isn’t a GCF, the polynomial is prime. Example: 18x 3 + 9xy Let’s try some The GCF would be 9x. Index Practice Practice

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A. 30x 3 + 9x B. 12x 2 + 40x + 2 C. 16a 5 x 2 + 8a 3 x 3 + 20a 2 x D. 5x 2 + 4x + 2 3x 2 4a2x4a2x prime Index Helpful Hint CLICK HERE You made it. Return to the index for the next topic.

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Once you’ve factored out the GCF, write it in front, then write the leftovers inside parentheses. GCF(leftovers) Practice Practice Index

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A. 30x 3 + 9x B. 12x 2 + 40x + 2 C. 16a 5 x 2 + 8a 3 x 3 + 20a 2 x 3x 2 4a2x4a2x (10x 2 +3) (6x 2 + 20x + 1) (4a 3 x + 2ax 2 + 5) Checking our answer Checking our answer Index

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How can we check our factored answer? ◦ Distribute A. 30x 3 + 9x 3x(10x 2 +3) 30x 3 +9x YES!!! It works! How cool. I love math. Practice Practice Index

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A. 12a 2 + 16a B. 15x + 25x 2 C. 12xy + 24xy 2 – 30x 2 y 4 GCF(leftovers) …. Check your answer too 4a(3a + 4) 5x(3 + 5x) 6xy(2 + 4y – 5xy 3 ) Index

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When factoring start with the smallest number, test the factors of that number. Example: 12a 2 +16a + 20 Start with the factors of 12: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12 What is the largest factor of 12 that both 16 and 20 are divisible by? 4 So the GCF is 4 (notice they all don’t have the variable a, therefore we can’t factor out a common variable) Return Return

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