2In English, sentences have a subject and a verb. The subject is the person or thing that is doing the action or that is being described.The verb is the action word, like jump or sing, or a linking word, like are or is, that links the subject to the description.
3Find the Subjects and Verbs I am 15 years old.Michèle is 16 years old.You are American.They like French class.In the fall, Olivier and Henri play soccer.At 12:00, we eat lunch.
4In French, sentences also have a subject and a verb.
5Find the subjects and verbs: J’ai 15 ans.Elle s’appelle Michèle.Il a 16 ans.Tu as quel âge?Je m’appelle Olivier.Tu t’appelles Henri.
6Subject or Verb?JeIsabelleM’appellePierreAIlT’appelles
7Both English and French use nouns as subjects Both English and French use nouns as subjects. Nouns can be replaced by pronouns, which is a word that stands in for a noun. Examples are he and she.
8Find the Pronouns! Elle Isabelle Le professeur Pierre Il Isabelle et Pierre
9Je (J’) - I Talking about myself Je m’appelle Thomas. Je become J’ before a vowel sound (a,e,i,o,u,h)J’ai 15 ans.
10Tu - you Talking to one person informally (friend, family member, kid) Comment t’appelles-tu?Tu as quel âge?
11Il - heTalking about one boyIl s’appelle Marc.Il a 16 ans.
12Elle - she Talking about one girl Comment elle s’appelle? Elle a quel âge?
13On – people in generalTalking about people in general, no one in particularAlso used to say “we” informallyOn parle français en France.
14Nous - we Talking about a group of people that includes me. Nous aimons la classe de français!
15Vous - you Talking to one person formally Talking to more than one person, formally or informallyComment allez-vous?
16Vous - you Talking to one person formally Talking to more than one person, formally or informallyComment allez-vous?
17Ils - they Talking about a group of boys or boys and girls Ils s’appellent Marc et Antoine.Ils ont 16 ans.
18Elles - they Talking about a group of girls Elles s’appellent Léa et Céline.Elles ont 16 ans.
19Special Notes:Je changes to J’ before a verb beginning with a vowel sound. In French this usually includes the letter H.Tu and Vous both mean YOU.Tu = used when speaking to one person you know well, one family member, one person your ageVous = used anytime you are addressing more than one person, or one person you do not know, or one person older than you