2 In English, sentences have a subject and a verb. The subject is the person or thing that is doing the action or that is being described.The verb is the action word, like jump or sing, or a linking word, like are or is, that links the subject to the description.
3 Find the Subjects and Verbs I am 15 years old.Michèle is 16 years old.You are American.They like French class.In the fall, Olivier and Henri play soccer.At 12:00, we eat lunch.
4 In French, sentences also have a subject and a verb.
5 Find the subjects and verbs: J’ai 15 ans.Elle s’appelle Michèle.Il a 16 ans.Tu as quel âge?Je m’appelle Olivier.Tu t’appelles Henri.
6 Subject or Verb?JeIsabelleM’appellePierreAIlT’appelles
7 Both English and French use nouns as subjects Both English and French use nouns as subjects. Nouns can be replaced by pronouns, which is a word that stands in for a noun. Examples are he and she.
8 Find the Pronouns! Elle Isabelle Le professeur Pierre Il Isabelle et Pierre
9 Je (J’) - I Talking about myself Je m’appelle Thomas. Je become J’ before a vowel sound (a,e,i,o,u,h)J’ai 15 ans.
10 Tu - you Talking to one person informally (friend, family member, kid) Comment t’appelles-tu?Tu as quel âge?
11 Il - heTalking about one boyIl s’appelle Marc.Il a 16 ans.
12 Elle - she Talking about one girl Comment elle s’appelle? Elle a quel âge?
13 On – people in generalTalking about people in general, no one in particularAlso used to say “we” informallyOn parle français en France.
14 Nous - we Talking about a group of people that includes me. Nous aimons la classe de français!
15 Vous - you Talking to one person formally Talking to more than one person, formally or informallyComment allez-vous?
16 Vous - you Talking to one person formally Talking to more than one person, formally or informallyComment allez-vous?
17 Ils - they Talking about a group of boys or boys and girls Ils s’appellent Marc et Antoine.Ils ont 16 ans.
18 Elles - they Talking about a group of girls Elles s’appellent Léa et Céline.Elles ont 16 ans.
19 Special Notes:Je changes to J’ before a verb beginning with a vowel sound. In French this usually includes the letter H.Tu and Vous both mean YOU.Tu = used when speaking to one person you know well, one family member, one person your ageVous = used anytime you are addressing more than one person, or one person you do not know, or one person older than you