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1-12-2008COMENIUS2 1-12-2008COMENIUS3 1-12-2008COMENIUS4 Named after the sister of Alexander the Great, Thessaloniki, a city of rich history, awaits.

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Presentation on theme: "1-12-2008COMENIUS2 1-12-2008COMENIUS3 1-12-2008COMENIUS4 Named after the sister of Alexander the Great, Thessaloniki, a city of rich history, awaits."— Presentation transcript:

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5 1-12-2008COMENIUS4 Named after the sister of Alexander the Great, Thessaloniki, a city of rich history, awaits visitors. Sometimes covered by the dense fog seen in the films of Theodoros Angelopoulos and sometimes swept by the strong Vardaris wind, usually sunlit and warm, it always remains ready to show you thousands of faces: the ancient heritage, the Roman traits, the Byzantine buildings, the influence of the Balkans and the Mediterranean touch.

6 1-12-2008COMENIUS5 316 BC Hellenistic era. The city is established by King Kassander Alexander’s Statue, Archaeological Museum, Vergina, 168 BC Thessaloniki becomes capital of the Roman prefecture of Macedonia Roman Forum, Galerian Complex 303-1430 Byzantine Era Byzantine Museum, City Walls, Christian Churches 1430-1912 Ottoman Occupation: a city of three religions Bezesteni, Turkish Baths 1912: Liberation under Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos Statue of Venizelos 1914 First World War (by the side of Entente) Harbor (served the Allies in the war) 1917 ‘Fire of the Century’ Aristotelus square (Ernest Ebrar) 1923 Treaty of Lausanne decides exchange of populations between Turkey and Greece. The face of the city changes Ladadika The Most Important stages in Thessaloniki’s History

7 1-12-2008COMENIUS6 1925 Establishment of HELEXPO Zoggolopoulos Statue, Varotsos Statue 1926 Establishment of Aristotelean University of Greece Campus 1936 The strike of the tobacco factory workers inspires revolutionaries and artists Statue of tobacco factory worker 1941 The city surrenders to Germany Yenti Koule (site of executions) 1943 Thousands of Jews are exterminated. The city changes yet again. Jewish Museum 1944 Thessaloniki liberated by ELAS 1946-49 Civil War 1963 Assassination of Member of Parliament and supporter of peace Gregory Lambrakis Lambrakis Monument 1967-74 Dictatorship 1978 Earthquake City Center 1997 Thessaloniki becomes cultural capital of Europe Concert Hall, Umbrella’s Monument, State Museum of Contemporary Art

8 1-12-2008COMENIUS7 The city was founded around 315 BC by the King Cassander of Macedon, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma and twenty-six other local villages. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great (Thessalo-nikē means the "victory of Thessalians"). Hellenistic era. (2.000 B.C.-168 B.C.)

9 1-12-2008COMENIUS8 Archaeological Museum

10 1-12-2008COMENIUS9 The Roman Empire (148 B.C.-313 A.C.) It was an autonomous part of the Kingdom of Macedon. After the fall of the kingdom of Macedon in 168 BC, Thessalonica became a city of the Roman Republic. It grew to be an important trade-hub located on the Via Egnatia and facilitating trade between Europe and Asia. The city became the capital of one of the four Roman districts of Macedonia.

11 1-12-2008COMENIUS10 Rotunda

12 1-12-2008COMENIUS11 Galerius Arch

13 1-12-2008COMENIUS12 Galerius’ Palace

14 1-12-2008COMENIUS13 Roman Forum

15 1-12-2008COMENIUS14 When in 379 the Roman Prefecture of Illyricum was divided between East and West Roman Empires, Thessaloníki became the capital of the new Prefecture of Illyricum. The economic expansion of the city continued through the twelfth century as the rule of the Komnenoi emperors expanded Byzantine control to the north. Thessaloniki passed out of Byzantine hands in 1204, when Constantinople was captured by the Fourth Crusade. Thessaloníki and its surrounding territory—the Kingdom of Thessalonica—became the largest fief of the Latin Empire. The city was recovered by the Byzantine Empire in 1246 sold it in 1423 to Venice, which held the city until it was captured by the Ottoman Sultan Murad II on 29 March, 1430 Byzantine Era (313-1430)

16 1-12-2008COMENIUS15 City Walls

17 1-12-2008COMENIUS16 Byzantine Museum

18 1-12-2008COMENIUS17 Temple of St Sophia

19 1-12-2008COMENIUS18 Panayia Chalkeon (Our Lady of Copper)

20 1-12-2008COMENIUS19 St Demetrius

21 1-12-2008COMENIUS20 Ottoman Occupation (1430-1912)

22 1-12-2008COMENIUS21 When Thessaloniki fell to the Ottoman hands in 1430 it was a damaged, empty city. Efforts were made for it to continue as an important commercial port, as it was during the Byzantine empire. The surviving monuments give a complete picture of the historical period of 500 years of the city that followed the Byzantine period. The older building that survives from this period is the Bei Hamam, known as bathrooms «Paradise». Located in the Egnatia highway towards Our Lady of Copper (Panayia Chalkeon). The Bezesteni was built 25 years later. It was place of transactions, negotiations, storage of valuable goods and trade

23 1-12-2008COMENIUS22 Turkish Baths «Paradise».

24 1-12-2008COMENIUS23 Bezesteni

25 1-12-2008COMENIUS24 History of Contemporary Thessaloniki (1912 -Today)

26 1-12-2008COMENIUS25 1912: Liberation under Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos

27 1-12-2008COMENIUS26 1914 First World War (by the side of Entente)

28 COMENIUS271-12-2008 1917 ‘Fire of the Century’ Most of the old town was destroyed by a single fire on 18 August 1917, which was accidentally sparked by French soldiers in encampments at the city.

29 COMENIUS281-12-2008 Aristotelus Square

30 1-12-2008COMENIUS29 1923 Treaty of Lausanne decides exchange of populations between Turkey and Greece. The face of the city changes

31 COMENIUS301-12-2008 Ladadika

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33 COMENIUS321-12-2008 1925 Establishment of HELEXPO

34 1-12-2008COMENIUS33 1926 Establishment of Aristotelean University of Greece

35 1-12-2008COMENIUS34 1936 The strike of the tobacco factory workers inspires revolutionaries and artists

36 1-12-2008COMENIUS35 Monument of tobacco factory worker

37 COMENIUS361-12-2008 1941 The city surrenders to Germany Thessaloniki fell to the forces of Nazi Germany on April 22, 1941, and remained under German occupation until 30 October, 1944.

38 COMENIUS371-12-2008 Yenti Koule – Place of execution for freedom fighters during the German Occupation

39 1-12-2008COMENIUS38 The upper City (Ano poli)

40 1-12-2008COMENIUS39 1943 Thousands of Jews are exterminated. The city changes yet again.

41 COMENIUS401-12-2008 Jewish Monument

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43 1-12-2008COMENIUS42 1963 Assassination of Member of Parliament and supporter of peace Gregory Lambrakis

44 COMENIUS431-12-2008 Lambrakis Monument

45 1-12-2008COMENIUS44 On 20 June, 1978, the city was hit by a powerful earthquake, registering a moment magnitude of 6.5. The tremor caused considerable damage to several buildings and even to some of the city's Byzantine monuments; forty people were crushed to death when an entire apartment block collapsed in the central Hippodromio district

46 1-12-2008COMENIUS45 1997 Thessaloniki becomes cultural capital of Europe

47 COMENIUS461-12-2008 State Museum of Contemporary Art State Museum of Contemporary Art Concert Hall Umbrella’s Monument

48 1-12-2008COMENIUS47 Thessaloniki City of thousands of faces

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