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St Margaret’s Academy Cylinders. Cylinders are shapes that have a circular cross section and a depth. They are used in shapes of bottles and their developments.

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Presentation on theme: "St Margaret’s Academy Cylinders. Cylinders are shapes that have a circular cross section and a depth. They are used in shapes of bottles and their developments."— Presentation transcript:

1 St Margaret’s Academy Cylinders

2 Cylinders are shapes that have a circular cross section and a depth. They are used in shapes of bottles and their developments are used for labels.

3 Cylinders The elevation and end elevation of an uncut cylinder is a rectangle. The plan of an uncut cylinder is a circle.

4 Cylinders Elevation Plan End Elevation

5 Cylinders However, it is unlikely you will be asked to draw a cylinder that has not been cut. The difficulty in drawing cylinders is that there are no corners to project distances and cuts from. We have to make our own by constructing a clockface.

6 Cylinders A new shape for a bottle is shown on the right. The views given are frontal and from the back. We will draw the Elevation, End Elevation and the Plan of the bottle.

7 Cylinders The Elevation is the given view. From this we will produce the Plan and the End Elevation. Elevation

8 Cylinders The plan has an angled cut taken from it going across the middle. The cut taken from the front of the cylinder cannot be seen from above. Therefore, it is shown as hidden detail. Elevation Plan

9 Cylinders Elevation Plan To draw the End elevation, first draw a 45° bounce line from the top right hand corner of the Elevation.

10 Cylinders Elevation Plan Then project the sizes from the Plan across to the bounce line then vertically down.

11 Cylinders Elevation Plan Now project the sizes from the Elevation across the page horizontally.

12 Cylinders Elevation Plan Darken in the outline of the shape.

13 Cylinders Elevation Plan End Elevation This is a clearer view of the End Elevation of the bottle.

14 Cylinders - the Development A development is a flat template of a 3D shape that when folded up in the correct way makes the actual shape of the 3D object. Developments are particularly useful when modelling new design ideas or to prepare for folding shapes in sheet metal.

15 Cylinders - the Development In order to draw a development of a cylinder we have to first construct ways of transferring sizes across from the elevation to the development. We do this by constructing a clockface on the Plan view, then projecting this down to the Elevation and then across onto the development. The next few slides show this happening.

16 Cylinders - the Development It is important that when you draw your own cylinders that you keep any construction lines very light!!! You will see that there are a lot of construction lines. If you do not keep them light you will end up very confused!

17 Cylinders - the Development To do this we use a 30/60 set square and draw a clockface on the circle. Plan

18 Cylinders - the Development To do this we use a 30/60 set square and draw a clockface on the circle. Plan

19 Cylinders - the Development To do this we use a 30/60 set square and draw a clockface on the circle Plan

20 Cylinders - the Development Project these points down onto the Elevation Plan Number these projection lines. The points in front are written above those that are at the back of the Elevation.

21 Cylinders - the Development Project the height of the Elevation across the page Plan

22 Cylinders - the Development Using a compass, step out the distances between each point on the plan onto this top line from a start point Plan

23 Cylinders - the Development Project vertical lines down from these points Plan

24 Cylinders - the Development Project horizontal lines across from the Elevation at where the construction lines meet the curved cuts first Plan

25 Cylinders - the Development Project horizontal lines across from the Elevation at where the construction lines meet the curved cuts first Plan

26 Cylinders - the Development Project horizontal lines across from the Elevation at where the construction lines meet the curved cuts first Plan

27 Cylinders - the Development Project horizontal lines across from the Elevation at where the construction lines meet the curved cuts first Plan

28 Cylinders - the Development Project horizontal lines across from the Elevation at where the construction lines meet the curved cuts first Plan

29 Cylinders - the Development Project horizontal lines across from the Elevation at where the construction lines meet the curved cuts first Plan

30 Cylinders - the Development Project horizontal lines across from the Elevation at where the construction lines meet the curved cuts first Plan

31 Cylinders - the Development Project horizontal lines across from the Elevation at where the construction lines meet the curved cuts first Plan

32 Cylinders - the Development Sketch in 4 smooth freehand curves that join these dots. You should also darken the outline for the development Plan

33 Cylinders - the Development Now we will draw in the rectangular cut part. As the ends of this part do not lie on a projection line from the plan we have to make our own Plan

34 Cylinders - the Development Project up from the Elevation to the plan from the 2 ends of the rectangular part Plan

35 Cylinders - the Development Using your compass, mark from point 7 going towards point 8 the distance shown Plan

36 Cylinders - the Development Draw a vertical line here Plan

37 Cylinders - the Development Using your compass, mark from point 5 going towards point 4 the distance shown Plan

38 Cylinders - the Development Draw a vertical line here Plan

39 Cylinders - the Development Now project across horizontally from the Elevation the points for the rectangular part Plan

40 Cylinders - the Development Now darken in this rectangular part on the development Plan

41 Cylinders - the Development This is the completed Plan, Elevation and the development shown without any construction lines. Plan


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