7Development under PHHC PHHC Mandate 1948To promote physical, social and economic betterment of the populous areas of the Philippines through low-cost housing projects and community and institutional housing.
8Other Housing Agencies Presidential Assistant on Housing and Resettlement (PAHRA)Tondo Foreshore Development Authority (TFDA)Central Institute for Training and Relocation of Urban Squatters (CITRUS)Presidential Committee on Housing and Urban Resettlement (PRECHUR)Sapang Palay Development Committee (SPDC)
10Relocation ProcessRelocatees transported on trucks to demarcated lots and left to themselves;Awarding of lots based on relocatee’s expressed desire to live permanently in resettlement area;Relocatee re-assembled dismantled shack on lot assigned to him/her;Government assistance: transporting the squatters, assignment of lots, initial services.
11Problems Encountered Relocation site not adequately prepared Poor roadsInadequate waterNo powerNo drainage / sewerage systemNo facilities for education / health / protective servicesNo / poor transport facilities
12Problems Encountered 2. Inadequate job opportunities; 3. Social gap between relocatees and original settlers;4. Social problems among relocatees discouraged middle class population from settling in or near SPRP.
13Government Interventions 1. Establishment of the Central Institute for Training and Relocation of Urban Squatters (CITRUS)2. Establishment of Industrial Estate3. Extension of Social Services
14Development under NHA 1975 - present Shift towards social welfare-oriented housing policy which combined housing production with housing finance and housing regulation throughcomprehensive and integrated housing programadministered by highly centralized organizational structure
15Martial Law Legislations Presidential Decree created the National Housing AuthorityPresidential Decree created the Ministry of Human SettlementsExecutive Order created Human Settlements Regulatory Commission
16Post Martial Law Legislations Executive Order 90 - abolished Ministry of Human Settlements and created the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating CouncilRepublic Act Urban Development and Housing Act
17Phase II: FeaturesComprehensive development plan prepared and implemented firstProvision of “Core” housingExpansion of residential areaReduction in lot sizesCommunity facilities and utilities put in place
19PROBLEMS ENCOUNTEREDInadequate funds due to sheer size of area and continued influx of populationInadequacy of industrial estate to absorb increasing labor forceReturn of relocatees to metropolis and arrival of non-beneficiaries to the siteStigma of municipality as “home of squatters”Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: The Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines
20LOCAL GOVERNMENT RESPONSES Provision of basic servicesPassage of zoning ordinancesRegulations for relocation and housing subdivisionsSquatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: The Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines
21Lessons LearnedResettlement area should provide shelter + livelihood opportunities + basic servicesComprehensive development plan should be preparedClose coordination among stakeholders