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3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines.

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Presentation on theme: "3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines."— Presentation transcript:

1 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 1 UPA Package 3, Module 2 SQUATTER RESETTLEMENT IN THE METROPOLITAN FRINGE: A CASE STUDY OF THE SAPANG PALAY RESETTLEMENT PROJECT IN SAN JOSE DEL MONTE, BULACAN, PHILIPPINES

2 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 2 Understand the concepts of relocation and resettlement; Identify factors for success/failure; Learn from case study Objectives

3 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 3 Area: hectares of riceland How Acquired: PHHC bought the land to serve as resettlement area for displaced urban poor families. The SPRP: Origing

4 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 4 San Jose del Monte, Province of Bulacan Location of Municipality of San Jose Del Monte

5 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 5 Location of Sapang Palay Resettlement Program

6 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 6 Population Growth

7 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 7 PHHC Mandate 1948 To promote physical, social and economic betterment of the populous areas of the Philippines through low-cost housing projects and community and institutional housing. Development under PHHC

8 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 8 Presidential Assistant on Housing and Resettlement (PAHRA) Tondo Foreshore Development Authority (TFDA) Central Institute for Training and Relocation of Urban Squatters (CITRUS) Presidential Committee on Housing and Urban Resettlement (PRECHUR) Sapang Palay Development Committee (SPDC) Other Housing Agencies

9 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 9 Master Plan

10 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 10 Relocatees transported on trucks to demarcated lots and left to themselves; Awarding of lots based on relocatee’s expressed desire to live permanently in resettlement area; Relocatee re-assembled dismantled shack on lot assigned to him/her; Government assistance: transporting the squatters, assignment of lots, initial services. Relocation Process

11 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 11 1.Relocation site not adequately prepared Poor roads Inadequate water No power No drainage / sewerage system No facilities for education / health / protective services No / poor transport facilities Problems Encountered

12 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 12 2.Inadequate job opportunities; 3.Social gap between relocatees and original settlers; 4.Social problems among relocatees discouraged middle class population from settling in or near SPRP. Problems Encountered

13 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 13 1.Establishment of the Central Institute for Training and Relocation of Urban Squatters (CITRUS) 2.Establishment of Industrial Estate 3.Extension of Social Services Government Interventions

14 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines present Shift towards social welfare-oriented housing policy which combined housing production with housing finance and housing regulation through comprehensive and integrated housing program administered by highly centralized organizational structure Development under NHA

15 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 15 Presidential Decree created the National Housing Authority Presidential Decree created the Ministry of Human Settlements Executive Order created Human Settlements Regulatory Commission Martial Law Legislations

16 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 16 Executive Order 90 - abolished Ministry of Human Settlements and created the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council Republic Act Urban Development and Housing Act Post Martial Law Legislations

17 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 17 Comprehensive development plan prepared and implemented first Provision of “Core” housing Expansion of residential area Reduction in lot sizes Community facilities and utilities put in place Phase II: Features

18 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 18 Land Use Allocation

19 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 19 PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: The Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines Inadequate funds due to sheer size of area and continued influx of population Inadequacy of industrial estate to absorb increasing labor force Return of relocatees to metropolis and arrival of non-beneficiaries to the site Stigma of municipality as “home of squatters”

20 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 20 Provision of basic services Passage of zoning ordinances Regulations for relocation and housing subdivisions Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: The Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines LOCAL GOVERNMENT RESPONSES

21 3.2.8 Squatter Resettlement in the Metropolitan Fringe: A Case Study of the Sapang Palay Resettlement Project in San Jose del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines 21 Resettlement area should provide shelter + livelihood opportunities + basic services Comprehensive development plan should be prepared Close coordination among stakeholders Lessons Learned


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