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**Class Opener and Learning Target**

I can recognize arithmetic sequences and relate them to linear functions. Note Card 3-5A Copy the Key Concept (Arithmetic Sequence ). Note Card 3-5B Copy the Key Concept (nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence). Then/Now

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**Arithmetic Sequence 3-5A**

Concept

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**Identify Arithmetic Sequences**

A. Determine whether –15, –13, –11, –9, ... is an arithmetic sequence. Explain. Answer: This is an arithmetic sequence because the difference between terms is constant. Example 1

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**B. Determine whether is an arithmetic sequence. Explain.**

Identify Arithmetic Sequences B. Determine whether is an arithmetic sequence. Explain. Answer: This is not an arithmetic sequence because the difference between terms is not constant. Example 1

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**A. Determine whether 2, 4, 8, 10, 12, … is an arithmetic sequence.**

cannot be determined This is not an arithmetic sequence because the difference between terms is not constant. This is an arithmetic sequence because the difference between terms is constant. A B C Example 1 CYP A

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**A B C B. Determine whether … is an arithmetic sequence.**

cannot be determined This is not an arithmetic sequence because the difference between terms is not constant. This is an arithmetic sequence because the difference between terms is constant. Do Page 191 # 1-2 A B C Example 1 CYP B

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**Find the common difference by subtracting successive terms.**

Find the Next Term Find the next three terms of the arithmetic sequence –8, –11, –14, –17, …. Find the common difference by subtracting successive terms. The common difference is –3. Example 2

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**Answer: The next three terms are –20, –23, –26.**

Find the Next Term Subtract 3 from the last term of the sequence to get the next term in the sequence. Continue subtracting 3 until the next three terms are found. Answer: The next three terms are –20, –23, –26. Example 2

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**Find the next three terms of the arithmetic sequence 58, 63, 68, 73….**

B. 76, 79, 82 C. 73, 78, 83 D. 83, 88, 93 A B C D Do Page 191 # 3-4 Example 2 CYP

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**nth Term of an Arithmetic Sequence 3-5B**

Concept

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**Step 1 Find the common difference.**

Find the nth Term A. Write an equation for the nth term of the arithmetic sequence 1, 10, 19, 28, … . Step Find the common difference. In this sequence, the first term, a1, is 1. Find the common difference. The common difference is +9. Example 3

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**an = a1 + (n –1)d Formula for the nth term **

Find the nth Term Step Write an equation. an = a1 + (n –1)d Formula for the nth term an = 1 + (n –1)(9) a1 = 1, d = 9 an = 1 + 9n – 9 Distributive Property an = 9n – 8 Simplify. Example 3

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**Check For n = 1, 9(1) – 8 = 1. For n = 2, 9(2) – 8 = 10.**

Find the nth Term Check For n = 1, 9(1) – 8 = 1. For n = 2, 9(2) – 8 = 10. For n = 3, 9(3) – 8 = 19, and so on. Answer: an = 9n – 8 Example 3

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**B. Find the 12th term in the sequence.**

Find the nth Term B. Find the 12th term in the sequence. Replace n with 12 in the equation written in part A. an = 9n – 8 Equation for the nth term a12 = 9(12) – 8 Replace n with 12. a12 = 100 Simplify. Answer: 100 Example 3

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**C. Graph the first five terms of the sequence. Answer:**

Find the nth Term C. Graph the first five terms of the sequence. Answer: The points fall on a line. The graph of an arithmetic sequence is linear. Example 3

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**D. Which term of the sequence is 172?**

Find the nth Term D. Which term of the sequence is 172? In the formula for the nth term, substitute 172 for an. an = 9n – 8 Equation for the nth term 172 = 9n – 8 Replace an with 172. = 9n –8 + 8 Add 8 to each side. 180 = 9n Simplify. Divide each side by 9. Example 3

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Find the nth Term 20 = n Simplify. Answer: 20th term Example 3

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MONEY The arithmetic sequence 2, 7, 12, 17, 22, … represents the total number of pencils Claire has in her collection after she goes to her school store each week. A. Write an equation for the nth term of the sequence. A B C D an = 2n + 7 an = 5n + 2 an = 2n + 5 an = 5n – 3 Example 3 CYP A

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MONEY The arithmetic sequence 2, 7, 12, 17, 22, … represents the total number of pencils Claire has in her collection after she goes to her school store each week. B. Find the 12th term in the sequence. 12 57 52 62 A B C D Example 3 CYP B

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MONEY The arithmetic sequence 2, 7, 12, 17, 22, … represents the total number of pencils Claire has in her collection after she goes to her school store each week. C. Which graph shows the first five terms of the sequence? A. B. A B Example 3 CYP C

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MONEY The arithmetic sequence 2, 7, 12, 17, 22, … represents the total number of pencils Claire has in her collection after she goes to her school store each week. D. Which term of the sequence is 97? A B C D 10th 15th 20th 24th Do Page 191 # 5-6 Example 3 CYP C

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**A. Write a function to represent this sequence.**

Arithmetic Sequences as Functions NEWSPAPERS The arithmetic sequence 12, 23, 34, 45,... represents the total number of ounces that a bag weighs after each additional newspaper is added. A. Write a function to represent this sequence. +11 +11 +11 The common difference is 11. Example 4 A

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**an = a1 + (n – 1)d Formula for the nth term**

Arithmetic Sequences as Functions an = a1 + (n – 1)d Formula for the nth term = (n – 1)11 a1 = 12 and d = 11 = n – 11 Distributive Property = 11n Simplify. Answer: The function is an = 11n + 1. Example 4 A

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**B. Graph the function an = 11n + 1 and determine the domain.**

Arithmetic Sequences as Functions NEWSPAPERS The arithmetic sequence 12, 23, 34, 45,... represents the total number of ounces that a bag weighs after each additional newspaper is added. B. Graph the function an = 11n + 1 and determine the domain. The rate of change of the function is 11. Make a graph and plot the points. Answer: The domain of the function is the number of newspapers added to the bag {0, 1, 2, 3, 4…}. Example 4 b

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**A B C D an = 18n – 4 an = 18n + 4 an = 4n + 18 an = 14n + 4**

SHIPPING The arithmetic sequence 22, 40, 58, 76,… represents the total number of ounces that a box weighs after each additional bottle of salad dressing is added. A. Write a function to represent this sequence. an = 18n – 4 an = 18n + 4 an = 4n + 18 an = 14n + 4 A B C D Example 4

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SHIPPING The arithmetic sequence 22, 40, 58, 76,… represents the total number of ounces that a box weighs after each additional bottle of salad dressing is added. B. Graph the function an = 18n + 4 and determine the domain of the sequence. A B C D D = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4 , …} D = {0, 1, 3, 6, 8, …} D = {22, 40, 58, 76, …} D = {4, 22, 40, 58, 76, …} Do Page 191 # 7 Example 4 CYP B

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