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SLOPE-INTERCEPT FORM OF A LINEAR EQUATION The equation of a line with slope m and y-intercept b is: y = mx + b GOAL 1 Graphing Using Slope-Intercept Form 4.6 Quick Graphs Using Slope- Intercept Form EXAMPLE 1

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Extra Example 1 EXAMPLE 2 Write the equation 3x + 4y = 8 in slope-intercept form. Then identify the slope and the y-intercept. To graph a line using its slope and y-intercept, first plot the y-intercept, and then use the slope to graph at least one other point. 3x + 4y = 8 Solve for y: y-intercept = 2

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Extra Example 2 Graph 2x + y = 5. y x First, write in slope- intercept form: y = –2x + 5 Next, identify and plot the y-intercept: b = 5 (0, 5) Now use the slope to find another point and draw a line through the points:

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EXAMPLE 3 Two different lines in the same plane that do not intersect are _______. parallel In the coordinate plane, two vertical lines are parallel. Two nonvertical lines are parallel if and only if they have the same ______. slope

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Extra Example 3 Which of the following lines are parallel? a. 3y = –9x – 5b. 2y – 6x = –5c. 12x + 4y = 1 Write each equation in slope-intercept form to determine their slopes: a.b.c. Since equations a and c have the same slopes, they are parallel.

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Checkpoint Are the lines –2x + y = 5 and 4y = 8x – 1 parallel? Since each line has a slope of 2, they are parallel.

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GOAL 2 SOLVING REAL-LIFE PROBLEMS EXAMPLE Quick Graphs Using Slope- Intercept Form

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Extra Example 4 The equations below model the changing speeds of a car as it enters an expressway, travels on the expressway, and then exits the expressway. Create a graph to represent the car’s different speeds. Stage 1 (first 2 minutes): s = 15t + 25 Domain: 0 ≤ t < 2 Stage 2 (next 10 minutes): s = 55 Domain: 2 ≤ t < 12 Stage 3 (next 2 minutes): s = –15t Domain: 12 ≤ t < 14

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Extra Example 4 (cont.) Stage 1 (first 2 minutes): s = 15t + 25 Domain: 0 ≤ t < 2 Stage 2 (next 10 minutes): s = 55 Domain: 2 ≤ t < 12 Stage 3 (next 2 minutes): s = –15t Domain: 12 ≤ t < 14 Speed (mi/h) Time (min) (0, 25) (2, 55)(12, 55) (14, 25)

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Checkpoint Graph each line for the given domain on the same coordinate axes. a. y = 2x + 10 Domain: –5 ≤ x < –3 b. y = 4 Domain: –3 ≤ x < –1 c. y = –4x Domain: –1 ≤ x < 0 y x

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