Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Ethnic Groups, Language, Religion, and Culture C/Maj Josh Clegg 645.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Ethnic Groups, Language, Religion, and Culture C/Maj Josh Clegg 645."— Presentation transcript:

1 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Ethnic Groups, Language, Religion, and Culture C/Maj Josh Clegg 645 XP/CC

2 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Overview Ethnic Groups Language Religion Culture Questions

3 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Diverse Area Approx 290 million people live in the former Soviet area (Russia is largest w/ 141 million) 150 distinct nationalities 125 different languages 40 religions 6 major ethnic groups (Slavs, Turco-Tartars, Japhetics, Finno-Ugrians, Balts, Jews)

4 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Overview

5 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Slavs Largest percentage of people in the area are Slavs Three types: Great Russians Ukranians (Little Russians) Belarusians (White Russians)

6 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Turco-Tartars Live primarily in Central Asia Azeris Bashkirs Chuvash Crimean Tatars Kazakhs Kazan Tatars Kyrgyz Turkmen Uzbeks

7 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Japhetics Live in the Caucasus area Abkhazians Armenians Georgians

8 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Finno-Ugrians Extreme NW corner of Soviet Union Estonians Finns Karelians Mordavians

9 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Balts Live in those states by the Baltic Sea Latvians Lithuanians

10 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Languages Over 120 languages were spoken in USSR Discrimination on the basis of language was illegal, however their statuses were far from equal Lenin felt a national language was not necessary Russian was the language of interethnic communication, de facto official language, made official in 1990! All language groups were strongly encouraged to write in the Cyrillic alphabet (since 1991, many have decided to return to their formal written language)

11 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian

12 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian

13 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Cyrillic Alphabet The Cyrillic alphabet is named after St. Cyril, a missionary from Byzantium. It was invented sometime during the 10th century AD, possibly by St. Kliment of Ohrid, to write the Old Church Slavonic language. The Cyrillic alphabet achieved its current form in 1708 during the reign of Peter the Great. Four letters were eliminated from the alphabet in a 1917/18 reform. The Cyrillic alphabet has been adapted to write over 50 different languages, mainly in Russia, Central Asia and Eastern Europe. In many cases additional letters are used, some of which are adaptations of standard Cyrillic letters, while others are taken from the Greek or Latin alphabets.

14 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Religion USSR was officially an atheist state (only 1/3 professed religious belief, 1/2 professed atheism) Lenin said, Religion is the opium of the people: this saying of Marx is the cornerstone of the entire ideology of Marxism about religion. All modern religions and churches, all and of every kind of religious organizations are always considered by Marxism as the organs of bourgeois reaction, used for the protection of the exploitation and the stupefaction of the working class. Major religions were: Christianity (Eastern Orthodox) Islam Buddhism Judaism Russian Orthodox Cathedral

15 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Orthodox Church The Soviet authorities sought to control it and exploit it, although their ultimate goal was to eliminate it By 1941 only 500 churches remained open out of about 54,000 in existence prior to WWI Stalin used the Church during WWII to arouse patriotism to defeat the Nazis, number grew to 22,000 Krushchev launched a campaign to lessen its power when he came to office In the late 1980s, the Russian Orthodox church had roughly 50 million followers, but only 7,000 registered churches (4,000 in Ukraine)

16 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Orthodox Church Like all Orthodox churches, places an emphasis on preservation rather than adapting its doctrines and practices throughout time Its followers take great pride that their practices and ceremonies have been the same for over 1,000 yrs Great Schism of 1054: Eastern churches broke with church in Rome, this began the divide between the Roman Catholic Church and Orthodox churches Main cause of the Schism was over papal authority Also split along doctrinal, theological, linguistic, political, and geographical lines

17 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Orthodox Church Buildings differ in design from many western-type churches. Firstly, their interiors are enriched with many sacramental objects including holy icons, which are hung on the walls. Murals often cover most of the interior. Some of these images represent the Theotokos, saints, and scenes from their lives. There are no pews. Most churches are lit with candles rather than electric light. Virtually all churches have multiple votive candle stands in front of the icons as well. Sometimes the bottoms of crosses found in Russian Orthodox churches will be adorned with a crescent. Tsar Ivan the Terrible conquered the city of Kazan which had been under the rule of Muslim Tatars, and in remembrance of this, he decreed that from henceforth the Islamic crescent be placed at the bottom of the crosses to signify the victory of the cross (Christianity) over the crescent (Islam).

18 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Orthodox Church St. Basils Cathedral St. Andrews Church

19 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Culture Very rich and colorful, has greatly influenced other cultures around the world as well Known for: Food Literature Music Ballet Figure skating Matryoshka dolls

20 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Food Rich and varied due to the vast and multicultural expanse of Russia Crops of rye, wheat, barley, and millet provide for a plethora of breads, cereals, kvass, and vodka Its location along the Silk Road as well as its proximity to Ottoman and Persian Empires gives most foods an Eastern character to cooking methods Common foods include: Borscht, shchi, kasha, blini, caviar, shashlyk, beef stoganoff

21 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Food Borscht Shchi Caviar Vodka

22 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Literature During mid-1800s, literature and the arts began flourishing, novels and plays became an important aspect of culture The Golden Age began with the poet Aleksandr Pushkin, Leo Tolstoy and Fyodor Dostoevsky followed with the great novels. Playwright Anton Chekhov followed

23 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Music Russia has a long history of classical music innovation Mikhail Glinka ( ) was the first to add religious and folk elements to classical compositions Other prominent Russian composers include Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, and in the 20th century Stravinsky who is best known for his ballets

24 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Ballet Very important aspect of Russian culture Became very popular in Russia during Tsarist rule Some of the best dancers in the world come from Russia Swan Lake The Nutcracker

25 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Figure Skating Soviet Union began to dominate the scene in mid-1960s, especially in pair skating At every Winter Olympics since 64, a Soviet or Russian pair has won gold, often considered the longest winning streak in modern sports history

26 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Matryoshka Dolls A set of dolls of decreasing sizes placed one inside another. "Matryoshka" is a derivative of the Russian female first name "Matryona", which is traditionally associated with a fat, robust, rustic Russian woman. Matryoshka dolls usually follow a particular theme; from peasant girls in traditional dress, to fairy tale characters and even Soviet leaders Relatively new handicraft, first ones dated from 1890

27 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Matryoshka Dolls

28 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Summary Ethnic Groups Language Religion Culture

29 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Questions

30 Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Sources


Download ppt "Detachment 645, The Ohio State University Integrity - Service - Excellence Russian Ethnic Groups, Language, Religion, and Culture C/Maj Josh Clegg 645."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google