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THE STUDENT NURSE AS A PERSON

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1 THE STUDENT NURSE AS A PERSON

2 STUDENT NURSE AS A PERSON
Motivation to become a nurse Know & understand yourself – Self Awareness Conflict Moral & value beliefs Ethics Priorities

3 Motivation to become nurse
Purpose & direction Critical to be a nurse Accomplish certain tasks when due KNOW YOURSELF Take a good look at yourself in times of decisions or transitions Be true to self Don’t let others influence you Strengths and weaknesses Motivation - Purpose & direction critical to be a nurse accomplish certain tasks if interested in it triathlon athlete Remember reason why you want to be a nurse Motivational tips Black out every passing day on calendar and say “I can do this” Ask a friend who is nurse to see copy of license and picture your name on it Keep school bill on bulletin board whenever you tempted to skip class or not study, reminded that you are paying a lot of hard-earned money for your education Go in you closet away from everyone else and practice signing “your name, LPN on a piece of scrap paper Make up song about how smart you are and sing it to yourself Know self - Take a look at yourself in times of decision or transitions Be true to self

4 Self Awareness We as nurses need to be aware that our health and self care is reflected to our patients. Good health is important for anyone working in health care. It makes it easier to perform your duties

5 Conflict Family, Co-workers, Bosses Studying Family responsibilities
Jobs Need good support system Try to find compromise Studying family responsibilities, job Need good support system Try to find compromise

6 Beliefs Truths held by culture
Determine & influence how a person deals with & views social problems and concerns Affect our thinking and organizing ability Influence our behavior and concepts about health, illness, and death Formed in childhood

7 Justifies what our moral judgment & actions in our everyday life
MORALS Customs of society Justifies what our moral judgment & actions in our everyday life VALUES Ideals held by individual What is considered good or bad; right or wrong Usually influenced by culture Gives direction & foundation for their decisions and actions Deeply embedded feelings Provide a sense of security and stability Foster personal achievement Problem occurs when person moves out into larger community Freely chosen Usually affected by age What parents believe, you may not believe Beliefs about truth thoughts & behaviors Personal integrity & honesty

8 Ethics Ideal human behavior Parent taught No lying No cheating
No stealing Well founded standards of right or wrong Moral principals & values that guide behavior of honorable people Requires critical thinking & understanding of situation Faced with conflict between 2 or more fundamental values called ethical delimma

9 Priorities Communication What’s important
Everybody has different priorities Communication Interaction between two or more people Social used in everyday life between family, friends and co-workers Speech is dependent on who you are talking to Therapeutic purposeful and goal oriented Promotes trust and good rapport with others Choose your conversation Speech talk to friends differently then you talk to family or co-workers or older people Choose _ not empowering just gripe sessions, gossip not get involved in this type of conversation Some antogonism not resolve conflict, but inflame, half-truths, and misunderstanding

10 Professionalism What is a professional
Look the part Dress appropriately Treat everyone with dignity or respect See value in people no matter where they are on the totem pole Commits to lifelong learning Does their best at what they are paid to do Use title at work e.g. Dr., Professor, Mrs.,

11 Team Player Go along with majority even if you disagree
Try to see other’s point of view

12 Courtesy Politeness Do unto others as you would have them do to you Don’t talk when someone else is talking Pay attention No sarcasms or talking down to people

13 Maslow's Hierarchy

14 Maslow’s hierarchy can be used to consider what needs of a person are the most important at any given time. Certain needs are more essential than others and must be met at least in part before looking at other needs. Physiological Safety & Security Love and Belongingness Esteem Self-Actualization

15 Level 1 – Physiologic Oxygen, water, food, temperature, elimination, sexuality, physical activity, and rest These must be met at least minimally to maintain life They are essential to life and therefore have the highest priority

16 Level 2 – Safety & Security
Involves both physical and emotional components. Physical means being protected from potential or actual harm Emotional means trusting others and being free of fear, anxiety, and apprehension Stability & Security

17 LEVEL 3 – Love & Belonging
Includes the understanding and acceptance of others (peers and community) in both giving and receiving affection or love Feeling of belonging

18 Level 4 – Self Esteem Self–respect Need to feel good about self.
Fosters the individual’s confidence and independence. Feelings of self-worth

19 Level 5 – Self Actualization
Need to reach your full potential through development of unique capabilities Full use of individual talents

20 HOLISTIC HEALTH Care given to the patient taking into consideration all parts of their needs Physical Psychosocial Spiritual Economic Environmental

21 Physical Wellness Grooming
Cleanliness begins with personal hygiene including – oral hygiene and personal hygiene Oral – Keep in mind that your will be working very closely with your patients Personal hygiene – clean skin, clean neatly combed hair, and absence of body odor Keep in mind that perfumes and scented deodorants my cause problems for your patient

22 Uniforms These should be kept neat and clean. The first impression you make on your patient is what they remember Uniforms make a statement about you, and your authority Posture Good posture again will improve the image that you project to the patient, it will also help to minimize problems with your spine later on

23 Body Mechanics Smoking
Using proper body mechanics will increase your performance and energy level. By using proper mechanics this helps prevent strain and tensing of the muscles. Smoking Health professionals that smoke give unspoken approval to patients to do the same Unhealthy and again can cause increased breathing problems for patients.

24 Nutrition “You are what you eat.”
Proper nutrition will give you more energy and you will be better able to deal with the stress of day to day life Sleep and Rest Try to get 7 – 8 hours of sleep Take rest periods during the day Exercise regularly

25 Personal Illness & Your Patients
The same standards of care and protection you use when working with patients with transmissible illnesses apply to you when you are sick

26 Intellectual Wellness
Mentally healthy students see a need to act and then act responsibly. They act independently if the duty is theirs. Mentally healthy students keep an open analytical mind To help maintain geed mental health you need to understand yourself; to assess your personality; to examine your personal values, beliefs, and prejudices, and to learn to cope effectively with stress

27 THE ADULT LEARNER

28 THE ADULT LEARNER Formal Education Planned Organized Learning
Learning from textbook and lectures, etc

29 Informal Education Experiences
THE ADULT LEARNER Informal Education Experiences Learning from day to day experiences Learn by trial and error

30 Traditional adult learner
THE ADULT LEARNER Traditional adult learner Comes directly from high school or another program Late teen or early twenties Transition from late adolescence to young adulthood Own Developmental tasks also position of responsibility

31 Traditional adult learner
THE ADULT LEARNER Traditional adult learner Have developed reading, writing, studying and test taking skills Prime physical health Filled with energy and stamina Fewer out-of-school responsibilities

32 Returning adult learner
THE ADULT LEARNER Returning adult learner Out of school several years Can be any age Experiencing many different transitions Built strong foundations for personal commitment and transition needed for nursing school

33 Returning adult learner
THE ADULT LEARNER Returning adult learner Serious learner Ready to work Have many responsibilities & life experiences Mature, motivated, and self directed Set goal for self Help relate well to learning, able to make sense out of it, get to point quickly. Many have economic, personal, and family sacrifices

34 THE ADULT LEARNER Recycle Learners
Prior education beyond high school in another discipline than nursing Brings maturity and experience in mastering a challenging educational program Show characteristics of both traditional & returning learner Reasons Desire to change careers attraction to nursing desire to acquire new job skills Outlook for a full-time job with benefits may be more promising in practical/vocational nursing Possible lack of jobs in area for which person has a degree

35 THE ADULT LEARNER Recycled Learners Experts in educational routine
Opportunity to develop reading, writing, & studying, & test-taking skills. Serious, motivated and self-directed

36 Liabilities, Pitfalls, & Hidden Dangers
THE ADULT LEARNER Liabilities, Pitfalls, & Hidden Dangers Greatest liability is: FEAR Fear of failure Look at school in negative threatening way d/t past failures in school

37 THE ADULT LEARNER Past is history Have clean slate
Picture yourself succeeding Replace negative thought with positive thoughts Practice using positive thoughts continuously

38 Dangers Traditional adult learner
THE ADULT LEARNER Dangers Traditional adult learner Social events compete with school & study Party mentality Employment Lack sense of direction No clear goal

39 Dangers for returning adult learner
THE ADULT LEARNER Dangers for returning adult learner Study & test skills are rusty Age affect learning Feelings of guilt Energy crisis Guilt – away from family, relationships & routines Family not support student Not have as much energy as when younger

40 Dangers for recycled learners
THE ADULT LEARNER Dangers for recycled learners Same as traditional and returning adults Advance degree, technical program breeze College no practical experience or very little, maybe Jr or Sr year Vocational school have more hands on practice

41 THE ADULT LEARNER Special challenges Single parent No spousal support
English as a second language

42 HOW TO SUCCEED Characteristics of a Master Student Inquisitive
Posing questions can get interest in the most boring lecture Able to focus attention The world is new with information Amazement that keeps attention focused Questions why gets bored in this class Then figure out how to get value out of class even if boring The world to a child is always new. Master students world is always new

43 Able to organize and sort
Willing to change Unknown doesn’t frighten student Even unknown in self Open to changes in environment & self Able to organize and sort Able to take large amts of information and discover relationships Able to categorize information Have a picture of who we are can be useful or can prevent learning and growth

44 Competent Joyful Mastery of skills Studies until become second nature
Able to apply what she learns to new & different situations Joyful Has a smile on face Caused by amazement of world & experience of it

45 Able to suspend judgment
Has opinions & positions, able to let go when appropriate Able to listen to opposing viewpoint Not let judgment get in way of learning Asks “What is this were true?”

46 Energetic Well Enthusiastic and involved in class
Reads sits on edge of his chair Plays with same intensity Well Values body & treats with respect Tends to emotional & spiritual health as well as physical health

47 Self-aware Willing to evaluate self and behavior
Regularly examines his life Responsible Takes responsibility for everything in life Looks for ways to change situation Chooses response to situations

48 Willing to risk Takes on projects with no guarantee of success
Willing to participate in class dialogues without risk of looking foolish Willing to tackle difficult subjects on term papers Welcomes risk of challenging course

49 Willing to participate
Not on sidelines, but in game Can be counted on Willing to make commitment Follows through on commitment

50 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
THE NUMBER 1 CHALLENGE IS STRESS

51 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Taking control of stress Put stress in as positive a positive frame as possible Put stress in its rightful place Look at what you can control and what you can’t Slow diaphragmatic breaths – do to count of 4 All need stress in out lives without stress would probably not get out of bed Look at positive things accomplished. Not just negative th Don’t focus on stress See things as stressful they will be

52 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
STRESS BUSTING ACTIVITIES Play: Develop a new interest or renew an old on Meditation: Yoga Exercises: Endorphins lift Practice self-affirmation Ask for help Have family do some of the things you used to do 1.Self affirm After studying adequately and really know the material Stand in front of mirror eqch time a test and say “I know the material and I will do well on the test.” Keep Positive say good things about yourself Keep it simple Only use key areas that you need to talk positive Keep it short I set healthy boundaries with my family instead of I tell my son “no” when he whines and begs Keep it up You might feel funny saying these kind of things to yourself. Set priorities

53 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
LEARNING STYLES Different approaches to learning What is your learning style? Give learning style assessment

54 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Visual Learner Reader/observer Scan everything; wants to see things; enjoys visual stimulation Doesn’t like lectures Daydreams Usually takes detailed notes Think in pictures Enjoys maps, pictures, diagrams, & color Needs to see teacher’s body language/ facial expression to fully understand Learn best from visual displays

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Auditory Learners Interpret underlying meanings of speech through listening Prefers directions given orally Seldom takes notes or writes things down Often repeats what has just been said Tone of voice, pitch, speed & other nuances 4. Talk to self

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Tactile / Kinesthetic Learner Do-er Needs to touch, handle, manipulate object & material Counts on fingers & talks with hands Good at drawing designs & doodling Hard to sit still for long periods of time Especially while studying or listening Doodles while listing processing information Good at sports, mechanics, using appliances & tools Adventurous Become distracted by need for activity & exploration

57 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Study Tips From Former Nursing Students Get the most out of classes Get the most from your books Thrive in clinicals Ace the test

58 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
5. Adjust your attitude 6. Forming and using a study group 7. Use tech knowledge 8. When you also have a family 9. Study in short, frequent sessions 10. Take guilt –free days of rest 11. Honor your emotional state

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12. Review the same day 13. Observe natural learning sequence 14. Use exaggeration 15. Prepare study environment 16. Respect “brain fade” 17. Create a study routine 18. Set reasonable goals 19. Avoid the frustration enemy

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Reading Textbook Start from beginning of Chapter Preview it Get general ideas what reading is about read the introduction, headings & subheadings Read any paragraphs that summarize content Look at illustration or graphics & charts and read captions Find quiet place with few distractionsa Reading preface reason write book, topics covered, audience text written for Table of contents organized divisions & sub divisions Thumbing through index # & types of words listed Look to see if glossary or appendix need to refer to charts, graphs as you read chapters Note if answer key in back of book or end of chapter Read few pages at beginning, middle, and end . Get sense of style & difficulty level Difficult vocabulary. Sentences complicated & hard to follow

61 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Go back and read chapter or section carefully Look for main idea Look up in dictionary any words that are unfamiliar Periodically stop reading & try to remember what you just read Main ideas & evidence or examples that support ideas

62 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Finish reading, pretend teaching somebody about material. Explain out loud & in your own words Read text before class Have questions ready for teacher Most Important: REVIEW & RECITE

63 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Two types of notes Study notes in preparation for lecture Class notes during lecture or laboratory Notes before class Enhances learning because the material has already been looked at Repetition is essential to retention of information Trying to write notes in class much is missed in what is being said Use method that allows room for additional notes during lecture

64 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Note Taking Taking notes in class Be ready to take notes Bring everything you need for class Review notes from previous class Take notes during class Start c fresh page & date at top Don’t write down everything said Listen for “signal statements Anything repeated or written on board Sit front and center 1. harder to fall asleep fewer interesting or distracting heads to watch between Material on board is easier to read 4. Instructor can see if you have a question Signal statement; The most important point…… Remember that……. Write quickly abbreviation of words symbols short sentences Put ? Next to info not sure of

65 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Rewrite notes after class Check with other students to be sure did not leave out important info Change abbreviated words to whole words, symbols into words if needed & sentences that can be understood Question writing notes in class look in text or reference sources Can ask teacher or other students Don’t do it, may forget or not understand what you wrote

66 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Highlighting Use 2 colors highlighter, one color for main idea and other color for details Only highlight what is important Key words & phrases, not whole sentences Skip more than highlight Only 20 – 30 % should be highlighted 1. 1Highlight text automatically re-reading it Improve comprehension Isolate important part of text. Helps “Mark” text in mind & more likely to remember Review text later highlighting will make easier to find important parts. Chapter ready for 100% quick review Read only highlighted text good understanding Reason highlight you automatically re-read text improve comprehension 2. Isolate important parts “Mark” text in mind more likely to remember 3. Review text later, make it easy to find important points preparing text for self in future Done, should be able to get good understanding of material highlight represent content of entire chapter

67 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Can highlight handouts & class notes Look for definitions, methods, sequences, cause-effect relationships Comparison – contrast Go back & read highlighted text & have good understanding of text. What info on test & highlight it When studying test, should be able to read only highlighted text & get important info

68 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Note taking systems Cornell Method Outlining Method Mapping Method Charting Method Sentence Method

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Cornell Method Rule your paper with 21/2” margin on left During class take info down on 6” Moves to new point, skip a few lines Every significant into write cue in L margin Cover material, only see cue say as much info as you can Advantages organized & systemic for recording & reviewing notes Easy format to pulling out major concept & ideas Simple & efficient Saves time & effort “Do-it-right-in-the-first-place” system Disadvantages None Use in any lecture situation

70 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Outlining Method The info which is most general L with q specific group of facts indented c spaces to the right Relationship between different parts carried out through indenting No numbers, letter, or Roman numerals needed Advantages Well-organized system if done right. Outlining records content & relationships Reduces editing & east to review by turning main points into questions. Disadvantages Requires more though in class for accurate organization. May not show relationships by sequence when needed Cannot be used if the lecture is fast Use: lecture presented in outline form Enough time in lecture to think about & make organizational decisions when needed.

71 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Extrasensory perception -definition: means of perceiving s use of sense organs -three kinds- -telepathy -clairvoyance: forecasting future - psychokineses: perceiving events external to situation -current status- -no current research to support or refute

72 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Mapping Method Uses comprehension/concentration skills Note taking form; relates q fact or idea to q other fact or idea Graphic representation of the content of lecture Maximizes active participation, affords immediate knowledge to understanding Emphasizes critical thinking Advantages: visually track lecture little thinking is needed Relationships can easily be seen Easy to edit your notes by adding #, marks, & color coding Review will have you restructure thought processes which will force to check understanding Disadvantages: may not hear changes in content from major points to facts Use lecture content is heavy & well organized have guest lecturer & no idea what is going to be presented

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EXTRASENSORY PRECEPTIONS 3 TYPES Telepathy Clairvoyance Psychokinesis Sending ·Forecasting ·Perceiving messages the future events external to situation

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Charting method Set up paper in column form Label headings Record information (word, phrases, main ideas) into appropriate column Advantages Track conversation & dialogues where you might be confused & lose relevant content Reduces amt of writitng Provides easy review mechanism for both memorization of facts Study of comparisons & relationships Disadvantages: Learning how to use system & location appropriate categories. Must be able to understand what’s happening in lecture Use: Test will focus on both facts & relationships Content heavy & presented fast Want to reduce amt of time sent editing & reviewing at test time

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Period Important People Events Significance FDR WWII USA involvement

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Sentence Method Write every new thought, fact, or topic on a separate line Number as you progress Advantages: Slightly more organized than paragraph Gets more or all info Thinking to tract content is still limited Disadvantages Can’t determine major/minor points from numbered sequence Difficult to edit s having to rewrite by clustering points which are related Difficult to review unless editing cleans up relationship Uses: lecture is somewhat organized, but heavy c content which comes fast You can hear different points, Don’t know how they fit together Instructor tends to present in point fashion, not grouping e.g. “3 related points”

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Sentence Method A revolution is any occurrence that affects other aspects of life, such as economic life, social life, & so forth. Therefore a revolutions cause change.(See pg in text) Sample Notes: Revolution –occurrence that affects other aspects of life: e.g. eco., soc., etc C.F. text pp 29-30 2. Melville did not try to represent life as it really was. The language of Ahab, Starbuck, and Ishmael, for instance was not that of real life. Sample Notes: Mel didn’t repr life as was; e.g. long. Of Ahab, etc. not of real life

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Sentence Method At first, Freud tried conventional, physical methods of treatment such as giving baths, massages, rest cures, and similar aids. But when these failed, he tried techniques of hypnosis that he had seen used by Jean-Martin Charcot. Finally, he borrowed and idea from Jean Breuer & used direct verbal communication to get an unhypnotized patient to reveal unconscious thoughts. Sample Notes: Freud 1st –used phys. Tx: e.g. baths, etc. 2nd –used hypnosis (fr. Charcot) Finally – used dirct verb commun, (fr Breuer) - got unhypno, pt to reveal uncons. thoughts

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DEVELOP SELF-DISCIPLINE Avoid procrastination Figure out why you procrastinate Fear Doesn’t think can do the work Antiprocrastination plan Make it meaningful Take it apart Write an intention statement Tell everyone Find a reward Settle it now Say not SELF DISCIPLINE Something might be difficult Choose to procrastinate might choose not to procrastinate Observe proscratination see if cost is keeping you from getting what you want Some people thrive under pressure, I do my work on a deadline. What is important about the job List all the benefits Look at it in relation to your goals Break big jobs into small ones you can do in 15 min or less Write it on 3x5 card What you are going to do and time frame then if you do it, reward yourself Announce publicly your intention to get it done Tell everyone so they can be your support group Be willing to withhold reward if you do not complete the task Do it now As soon as you see yourself proscratinating, jump into the task Put task in low priority category look at reason for doing it at all If you don’t intend to do the task, just say “NO”

80 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Finding Time To Study Time Management Gives us a chance to decide how to spend a valuable resource Allows us to get the most out of the least Helps us organize & learn how to spend time Fill our sheet Where does time go” Handout Learning time management methods skill everyone can learn

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The ABC Daily To-Do’s Write out daily to-do list night before Label each task A, B, or C A’s on list are most important B’s on list important, but less than A’s C’s do not require immediate attention Schedule time for all A’s. The B’s & C’s done in odd moments during day Write everything you want to accomplish Assignments due or jobs needing completion B’s might become A’s someday Tasks are important not urgent 5. C’s priorities are small easy jobs Avoid C fever C tasks are usually easier than a tasks Use your list to keep on track

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Management Process Plan – Specify what goals want to achieve Organize – Activities to achieve goals Staff – ask for help, delegate tasks, form study groups, take advantage of supportive programs Direct - Positive reinforcement Evaluate – Monitor attitude and behavior Specify goals want to achieve Visualize end results Break large goals into weekly & daily priorities & detail steps to completion Be prepared for barriers Deal with them in a calm manner 2. Use project boards, be ready for busy weeks, & organize your work space

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Hints & Tricks Study difficult or boring subjects 1st Be aware of best time of day to study Use waiting time to study Ask: Am I being too hard on self Use regular study area or library Pay attention to you attention Study when alert Note cards while standing in line etc Recognize accompliisjments6. Focusing on study 6. Focusing on study realize when no paying attention

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Get off the phone Learn to say no Get ready the night before Avoid noise distraction Notice how you misuse time & change habits Ask: Would I pay self for what doing right now 12 If yes keep going

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Agree roommates or family members about study time End of day Ask: Can I do one more thing? Ask: Doing most important or urgent work 1st. Task seems hard get started Schedule time for errands & fun yes, increase overall productivity Keep track of priorities Half battle beginning

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Start projects early Allow flexibility in schedule Avoid scheduling marathon study sessions Set realistic goals Ask: What task can I accomplish toward goal Don’t wait to last minure 22, Then DO IT

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CHUNKING Study for a set period of time. Take a break – start to lose focus on studying Time to take break Breaks are important for refreshment & relaxation Give minds & eyes rest Try this work to expand time spend on quality study time. Can pay attention for 30 minutes try to expand to 40 minutes Reward self when reach study time goal

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Studying for Tests 1. Before Test What material test will cover Type of test How test graded How much test will count toward final grade Give test anxiety stress variability questionnaires Multiple choice t/f short answer, etc

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Study in place free of distractions Study at time when alert, not hungry or sleepy Don’t wait until last minute to study Set goal for each study period Repetition is key Cover notes periodically & summarize out loud Ready all things need to study Short daily sessions better than one long session before test Tested on 3 chapters set up 4 study sessions 1 each chapter 1 review of main ideas in all chapters Read & reread class notes & relevant chapters in text book Pretend explaining material to someone else

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Create own study aids Make outline from notes for main ideas Make timeline of important dates Make flashcards for studying vocabulary Make up own quiz or test based on no 4. Have someone test you

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Do any practice exams or study sheets produced by teacher Night before exam get at least 7 hours of sleep Eat a normal meal test late in morning take a high powered snack and eat 20 min before test Stop reviewing 30 min before test do something relaxing before test Help you focus study session & give confidence

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Test Taking Strategies Be prepared Always arrive early & take moment to relax Listen attentively to last minute instructions Read test directions very carefully & watch for details Concentrated hours effective study to reinforce facts into memory may slightly alter test Boost confidence time to focus mind & think positive thoughts 3. Teachers often make last minute changes missing instructions causes extreme anxiety May find more than 1 answer bay be possible key detail may require only 3 out of 5 easy questions

93 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Plan how to use allotted time Maintain positive attitude Rely on your first impressions Plan to finish early & have time for review Consider every test a practice session – analyze your performance Estimate how many minutes will need to finish each section of test determine pace which will ensure completing the whole test on time Start with easiest section to build confidence don’t let difficult questions raise anxiety & steal valuable time. Move on & find success with other question Avoid watching for patterns. Noticing that last 4 answers is C not good reason to stop go back & break concentration Answer comes to mind first is often correct nervously reviewing questions & changing answers can do more harm than good Return to difficult questions marked for review Proofread essays & pay attention to grammar Make sure answered all questions Check back of paper Test taking art needs refinement need to practice Go through each test thoroughly & see is your plan worked look at each section to identify fault patterns which type of question do you need to work on Talk to teacher about low scores

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Multiple Choice Test Taking Tips Read question before looking at answers Develop answer in head before looking at answers presented Before figuring out which answer is correct eliminate incorrect answers Read all answer choice before choosing your final answer 2.

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If unsure of answer – take educated guess Usually 1st choice is right In “all of the above” if one statement is false don’t choose it In “none of the above” if one statement is true, don’t choose it. Avoid choosing answers that use words: always, never, must, all, none, etc Unless misread question Don’t keep changing answers once made an educated decision If certain 2 statements are correct than choose it If 1 of statements are true don’t choose

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Positive choice more likely than a negative choice Usually correct answer is the one with the most information There may be more than 1 correct answer so must choose best aswer Not always the case Guessing, select answer with most information One answer may have more information or contain more important info Look for pertinent information to choose answer

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True/False Test Tip Preparation Usually more true answers than false Take educated guess Read entire question carefully Qualifiers like never, always generally indicate a false answer Qualifiers such as “usually” “generally”, & “sometimes” etc. Can be either true or false 6. If any part of question is false, the entire question is false Pay attention to qualifiers & keywords may indicate whether answer is T or F Question must always be true - usually means false Questions may be true or false depending on how question is asked . Usually the answer is true, but read question

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Open Book Test Preparation Tips Open book tests more difficult than closed book exams Usually longer & more involved Highly recommended write down important info on separate sheet of paper or in margin of book Spend as much time is not more preparing Look up every answer may not have time to finish test Make sure know the book, relevant materials & subject matter

99 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
Familiarize self with main ideas & concepts covered in class Answer all questions you know answer to 1st. Do not write directly from book Make sure know where is located in book Go back and answer rest of questions Teacher wants to see what you learned test understanding of material Able to use quotation marks & info from book to support answers

100 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS
GOOD LUCK THIS YEAR


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