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THE STUDENT NURSE AS A PERSON. STUDENT NURSE AS A PERSON Motivation to become a nurse Know & understand yourself – Self Awareness Conflict Moral & value.

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Presentation on theme: "THE STUDENT NURSE AS A PERSON. STUDENT NURSE AS A PERSON Motivation to become a nurse Know & understand yourself – Self Awareness Conflict Moral & value."— Presentation transcript:


2 STUDENT NURSE AS A PERSON Motivation to become a nurse Know & understand yourself – Self Awareness Conflict Moral & value beliefs Ethics Priorities

3 Motivation to become nurse Purpose & direction –Critical to be a nurse –Accomplish certain tasks when due KNOW YOURSELF Take a good look at yourself in times of decisions or transitions Be true to self Dont let others influence you Strengths and weaknesses

4 Self Awareness We as nurses need to be aware that our health and self care is reflected to our patients. Good health is important for anyone working in health care. It makes it easier to perform your duties

5 Conflict Family, Co-workers, Bosses Studying Family responsibilities Jobs Need good support system Try to find compromise

6 Beliefs Truths held by culture Determine & influence how a person deals with & views social problems and concerns Affect our thinking and organizing ability Influence our behavior and concepts about health, illness, and death Formed in childhood

7 MORALS Customs of society Justifies what our moral judgment & actions in our everyday life VALUES Ideals held by individual –What is considered good or bad; right or wrong Usually influenced by culture –Gives direction & foundation for their decisions and actions

8 Ethics Ideal human behavior Parent taught No lying No cheating No stealing Well founded standards of right or wrong Moral principals & values that guide behavior of honorable people Requires critical thinking & understanding of situation

9 Priorities Whats important Everybody has different priorities Communication Interaction between two or more people Social used in everyday life between family, friends and co-workers –Speech is dependent on who you are talking to Therapeutic purposeful and goal oriented Promotes trust and good rapport with others Choose your conversation

10 Professionalism What is a professional Look the part Dress appropriately Treat everyone with dignity or respect See value in people no matter where they are on the totem pole Commits to lifelong learning Does their best at what they are paid to do Use title at work e.g. Dr., Professor, Mrs.,

11 Team Player Go along with majority even if you disagree Try to see others point of view

12 Courtesy Politeness Do unto others as you would have them do to you Dont talk when someone else is talking Pay attention No sarcasms or talking down to people


14 Maslows hierarchy can be used to consider what needs of a person are the most important at any given time. Certain needs are more essential than others and must be met at least in part before looking at other needs. –Physiological –Safety & Security –Love and Belongingness –Esteem –Self-Actualization

15 Level 1 – Physiologic Oxygen, water, food, temperature, elimination, sexuality, physical activity, and rest These must be met at least minimally to maintain life They are essential to life and therefore have the highest priority

16 Level 2 – Safety & Security Involves both physical and emotional components. Physical means being protected from potential or actual harm Emotional means trusting others and being free of fear, anxiety, and apprehension Stability & Security

17 LEVEL 3 – Love & Belonging Includes the understanding and acceptance of others (peers and community) in both giving and receiving affection or love Feeling of belonging

18 Level 4 – Self Esteem Self–respect Need to feel good about self. Fosters the individuals confidence and independence. Feelings of self-worth

19 Level 5 – Self Actualization Need to reach your full potential through development of unique capabilities Full use of individual talents

20 HOLISTIC HEALTH Care given to the patient taking into consideration all parts of their needs Physical Psychosocial Spiritual Economic Environmental

21 Physical Wellness Grooming Cleanliness begins with personal hygiene including – oral hygiene and personal hygiene Oral – Keep in mind that your will be working very closely with your patients Personal hygiene – clean skin, clean neatly combed hair, and absence of body odor Keep in mind that perfumes and scented deodorants my cause problems for your patient

22 Uniforms These should be kept neat and clean. The first impression you make on your patient is what they remember Uniforms make a statement about you, and your authority Posture Good posture again will improve the image that you project to the patient, it will also help to minimize problems with your spine later on

23 Body Mechanics Using proper body mechanics will increase your performance and energy level. By using proper mechanics this helps prevent strain and tensing of the muscles. Smoking Health professionals that smoke give unspoken approval to patients to do the same Unhealthy and again can cause increased breathing problems for patients.

24 Nutrition You are what you eat. Proper nutrition will give you more energy and you will be better able to deal with the stress of day to day life Sleep and Rest Try to get 7 – 8 hours of sleep Take rest periods during the day Exercise regularly

25 Personal Illness & Your Patients The same standards of care and protection you use when working with patients with transmissible illnesses apply to you when you are sick

26 Intellectual Wellness Mentally healthy students see a need to act and then act responsibly. They act independently if the duty is theirs. Mentally healthy students keep an open analytical mind To help maintain geed mental health you need to understand yourself; to assess your personality; to examine your personal values, beliefs, and prejudices, and to learn to cope effectively with stress


28 Formal Education Planned Organized Learning Learning from textbook and lectures, etc

29 THE ADULT LEARNER Informal Education Experiences Learning from day to day experiences Learn by trial and error

30 THE ADULT LEARNER Traditional adult learner Comes directly from high school or another program Late teen or early twenties Transition from late adolescence to young adulthood

31 THE ADULT LEARNER Traditional adult learner Have developed reading, writing, studying and test taking skills Prime physical health Filled with energy and stamina Fewer out-of-school responsibilities

32 THE ADULT LEARNER Returning adult learner Out of school several years Can be any age Experiencing many different transitions Built strong foundations for personal commitment and transition needed for nursing school

33 THE ADULT LEARNER Returning adult learner Serious learner Ready to work Have many responsibilities & life experiences Mature, motivated, and self directed Set goal for self

34 THE ADULT LEARNER Recycle Learners Prior education beyond high school in another discipline than nursing Brings maturity and experience in mastering a challenging educational program

35 THE ADULT LEARNER Recycled Learners Experts in educational routine Opportunity to develop reading, writing, & studying, & test-taking skills. Serious, motivated and self-directed

36 THE ADULT LEARNER Liabilities, Pitfalls, & Hidden Dangers Greatest liability is: FEAR Fear of failure Look at school in negative threatening way d/t past failures in school

37 THE ADULT LEARNER Past is history Have clean slate Picture yourself succeeding Replace negative thought with positive thoughts Practice using positive thoughts continuously

38 THE ADULT LEARNER Dangers Traditional adult learner Social events compete with school & study Party mentality Employment Lack sense of direction No clear goal

39 THE ADULT LEARNER Dangers for returning adult learner Study & test skills are rusty Age affect learning Feelings of guilt Energy crisis

40 THE ADULT LEARNER Dangers for recycled learners Same as traditional and returning adults Advance degree, technical program breeze

41 THE ADULT LEARNER Special challenges Single parent No spousal support English as a second language

42 HOW TO SUCCEED Characteristics of a Master Student Inquisitive Posing questions can get interest in the most boring lecture Able to focus attention –The world is new with information –Amazement that keeps attention focused

43 Willing to change Unknown doesnt frighten student Even unknown in self Open to changes in environment & self Able to organize and sort –Able to take large amts of information and discover relationships –Able to categorize information

44 Competent Mastery of skills Studies until become second nature Able to apply what she learns to new & different situations Joyful Has a smile on face Caused by amazement of world & experience of it

45 Able to suspend judgment –Has opinions & positions, able to let go when appropriate –Able to listen to opposing viewpoint –Not let judgment get in way of learning –Asks What is this were true?

46 Energetic –Enthusiastic and involved in class –Reads sits on edge of his chair –Plays with same intensity Well Values body & treats with respect Tends to emotional & spiritual health as well as physical health

47 Self-aware –Willing to evaluate self and behavior –Regularly examines his life –Responsible Takes responsibility for everything in life Looks for ways to change situation Chooses response to situations

48 Willing to risk –Takes on projects with no guarantee of success –Willing to participate in class dialogues without risk of looking foolish –Willing to tackle difficult subjects on term papers –Welcomes risk of challenging course

49 Willing to participate –Not on sidelines, but in game –Can be counted on –Willing to make commitment –Follows through on commitment


51 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Taking control of stress Put stress in as positive a positive frame as possible Put stress in its rightful place Look at what you can control and what you cant Slow diaphragmatic breaths – do to count of 4

52 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS STRESS BUSTING ACTIVITIES Play: Develop a new interest or renew an old on Meditation: Yoga Exercises: Endorphins lift Practice self-affirmation

53 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS LEARNING STYLES Different approaches to learning What is your learning style?

54 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Visual Learner Reader/observer Scan everything; wants to see things; enjoys visual stimulation Doesnt like lectures Daydreams Usually takes detailed notes Think in pictures

55 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Auditory Learners Interpret underlying meanings of speech through listening Prefers directions given orally Seldom takes notes or writes things down Often repeats what has just been said

56 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Tactile / Kinesthetic Learner Do-er Needs to touch, handle, manipulate object & material Counts on fingers & talks with hands Good at drawing designs & doodling Hard to sit still for long periods of time

57 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Study Tips From Former Nursing Students 1.Get the most out of classes 2.Get the most from your books 3.Thrive in clinicals 4.Ace the test

58 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 5. Adjust your attitude 6. Forming and using a study group 7. Use tech knowledge 8. When you also have a family 9. Study in short, frequent sessions 10. Take guilt –free days of rest 11. Honor your emotional state

59 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 12. Review the same day 13. Observe natural learning sequence 14. Use exaggeration 15. Prepare study environment 16. Respect brain fade 17. Create a study routine 18. Set reasonable goals 19. Avoid the frustration enemy

60 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Reading Textbook Start from beginning of Chapter Preview it Get general ideas what reading is about read the introduction, headings & subheadings Read any paragraphs that summarize content Look at illustration or graphics & charts and read captions

61 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Go back and read chapter or section carefully Look for main idea Look up in dictionary any words that are unfamiliar Periodically stop reading & try to remember what you just read Main ideas & evidence or examples that support ideas

62 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Finish reading, pretend teaching somebody about material. Explain out loud & in your own words Read text before class Have questions ready for teacher Most Important: REVIEW & RECITE

63 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Two types of notes –Study notes in preparation for lecture –Class notes during lecture or laboratory Notes before class –Enhances learning because the material has already been looked at –Repetition is essential to retention of information –Trying to write notes in class much is missed in what is being said –Use method that allows room for additional notes during lecture

64 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Note Taking Taking notes in class Be ready to take notes Bring everything you need for class Review notes from previous class Take notes during class Start c fresh page & date at top Dont write down everything said Listen for signal statements Anything repeated or written on board

65 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Rewrite notes after class Check with other students to be sure did not leave out important info

66 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Highlighting Use 2 colors highlighter, one color for main idea and other color for details Only highlight what is important Key words & phrases, not whole sentences Skip more than highlight Only 20 – 30 % should be highlighted

67 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Can highlight handouts & class notes Look for definitions, methods, sequences, cause-effect relationships Comparison – contrast Go back & read highlighted text & have good understanding of text.

68 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Note taking systems –Cornell Method –Outlining Method –Mapping Method –Charting Method –Sentence Method

69 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Cornell Method Rule your paper with 21/2 margin on left During class take info down on 6 Moves to new point, skip a few lines Every significant into write cue in L margin Cover material, only see cue say as much info as you can

70 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Outlining Method The info which is most general L with q specific group of facts indented c spaces to the right Relationship between different parts carried out through indenting No numbers, letter, or Roman numerals needed

71 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Extrasensory perception -definition: means of perceiving s use of sense organs -three kinds- -telepathy -clairvoyance: forecasting future - psychokineses: perceiving events external to situation -current status- -no current research to support or refute

72 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Mapping Method Uses comprehension/concentration skills Note taking form; relates q fact or idea to q other fact or idea Graphic representation of the content of lecture Maximizes active participation, affords immediate knowledge to understanding Emphasizes critical thinking

73 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS EXTRASENSORY PRECEPTIONS 3 TYPES TelepathyClairvoyance Psychokinesis Sending·Forecasting ·Perceiving messages the future events external to situation

74 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Charting method Set up paper in column form Label headings Record information (word, phrases, main ideas) into appropriate column

75 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Period Important People EventsSignificance FDRWWIIUSA involvement

76 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Sentence Method Write every new thought, fact, or topic on a separate line Number as you progress

77 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Sentence Method 1.A revolution is any occurrence that affects other aspects of life, such as economic life, social life, & so forth. Therefore a revolutions cause change.(See pg in text) Sample Notes: Revolution –occurrence that affects other aspects of life: e.g. eco., soc., etc C.F. text pp Melville did not try to represent life as it really was. The language of Ahab, Starbuck, and Ishmael, for instance was not that of real life. Sample Notes: Mel didnt repr life as was; e.g. long. Of Ahab, etc. not of real life

78 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Sentence Method 3.At first, Freud tried conventional, physical methods of treatment such as giving baths, massages, rest cures, and similar aids. But when these failed, he tried techniques of hypnosis that he had seen used by Jean- Martin Charcot. Finally, he borrowed and idea from Jean Breuer & used direct verbal communication to get an unhypnotized patient to reveal unconscious thoughts. Sample Notes: Freud 1 st –used phys. Tx: e.g. baths, etc. 2 nd –used hypnosis (fr. Charcot) Finally – used dirct verb commun, (fr Breuer) - got unhypno, pt to reveal uncons. thoughts

79 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS DEVELOP SELF-DISCIPLINE Avoid procrastination –Figure out why you procrastinate –Fear Doesnt think can do the work –Antiprocrastination plan Make it meaningful Take it apart Write an intention statement Tell everyone Find a reward Settle it now Say not

80 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Finding Time To Study Time Management Gives us a chance to decide how to spend a valuable resource Allows us to get the most out of the least Helps us organize & learn how to spend time

81 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS The ABC Daily To-Dos 1.Write out daily to-do list night before 2.Label each task A, B, or C 3.As on list are most important 4.Bs on list important, but less than As 5.Cs do not require immediate attention 6.Schedule time for all As. The Bs & Cs done in odd moments during day

82 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Management Process 1.Plan – Specify what goals want to achieve 2.Organize – Activities to achieve goals 3.Staff – ask for help, delegate tasks, form study groups, take advantage of supportive programs 4.Direct - Positive reinforcement 5.Evaluate – Monitor attitude and behavior

83 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Hints & Tricks 1.Study difficult or boring subjects 1 st 2.Be aware of best time of day to study 3.Use waiting time to study 4.Ask: Am I being too hard on self 5.Use regular study area or library 6.Pay attention to you attention

84 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 7.Get off the phone 8.Learn to say no 9.Get ready the night before 10. Avoid noise distraction 11.Notice how you misuse time & change habits 12.Ask: Would I pay self for what doing right now

85 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 13.Agree roommates or family members about study time 14.End of day Ask: Can I do one more thing? 15.Ask: Doing most important or urgent work 1 st. 16.Task seems hard get started 17.Schedule time for errands & fun

86 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 18. Start projects early 19. Allow flexibility in schedule 20. Avoid scheduling marathon study sessions 21. Set realistic goals 22.Ask: What task can I accomplish toward goal

87 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS CHUNKING Study for a set period of time. Take a break – start to lose focus on studying Time to take break Breaks are important for refreshment & relaxation

88 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Studying for Tests 1. Before Test – What material test will cover – Type of test – How test graded – How much test will count toward final grade

89 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 2.Study in place free of distractions 3.Study at time when alert, not hungry or sleepy 4.Dont wait until last minute to study 5.Set goal for each study period 6.Repetition is key 7.Cover notes periodically & summarize out loud

90 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 8.Create own study aids 1.Make outline from notes for main ideas 2.Make timeline of important dates 3.Make flashcards for studying vocabulary 4.Make up own quiz or test based on no

91 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 9.Do any practice exams or study sheets produced by teacher 10.Night before exam get at least 7 hours of sleep Eat a normal meal test late in morning take a high powered snack and eat 20 min before test Stop reviewing 30 min before test do something relaxing before test

92 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Test Taking Strategies 1.Be prepared 2.Always arrive early & take moment to relax 3.Listen attentively to last minute instructions 4.Read test directions very carefully & watch for details

93 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 5.Plan how to use allotted time 6.Maintain positive attitude 7.Rely on your first impressions 8.Plan to finish early & have time for review 9.Consider every test a practice session – analyze your performance

94 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Multiple Choice Test Taking Tips 1.Read question before looking at answers 2.Develop answer in head before looking at answers presented 3.Before figuring out which answer is correct eliminate incorrect answers 4.Read all answer choice before choosing your final answer

95 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 5.If unsure of answer – take educated guess 6.Usually 1 st choice is right 7.In all of the above if one statement is false dont choose it 8.In none of the above if one statement is true, dont choose it. 9.Avoid choosing answers that use words: always, never, must, all, none, etc

96 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 10.Positive choice more likely than a negative choice 11.Usually correct answer is the one with the most information 12.There may be more than 1 correct answer so must choose best aswer

97 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS True/False Test Tip Preparation 1.Usually more true answers than false 2.Take educated guess 3.Read entire question carefully 4.Qualifiers like never, always generally indicate a false answer 5.Qualifiers such as usually generally, & sometimes etc. Can be either true or false 6. If any part of question is false, the entire question is false

98 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS Open Book Test Preparation Tips 1.Open book tests more difficult than closed book exams 2.Usually longer & more involved 3.Highly recommended write down important info on separate sheet of paper or in margin of book

99 STUDY & TEST TAKING SKILLS 4.Familiarize self with main ideas & concepts covered in class 5.Answer all questions you know answer to 1 st. 6.Do not write directly from book


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