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Women Researching in the Intercultural Sphere: A Portuguese Case Women Researching in the Intercultural Sphere: A Portuguese Case Clara Sarmento Centre.

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Presentation on theme: "Women Researching in the Intercultural Sphere: A Portuguese Case Women Researching in the Intercultural Sphere: A Portuguese Case Clara Sarmento Centre."— Presentation transcript:

1 Women Researching in the Intercultural Sphere: A Portuguese Case Women Researching in the Intercultural Sphere: A Portuguese Case Clara Sarmento Centre for Intercultural Studies (CEI) ISCAP ECREA Women’s Network Workshop Gender in European Academia: Difference and Discrimination in Communication Research

2 Founded in 2007, the Centre for Intercultural Studies (CEI) of ISCAP develops applied and fundamental research and co- operates with other national and international institutions in cultural, scientific, and editorial projects. The target audience of CEI is the whole community of teachers and researchers, graduate and post-graduate students of ISCAP, national and international researchers, ERASMUS students, and other partners who develop an active interest for the vast field of Intercultural Studies.

3 Research Groups: 1. Cultural Representations  Clara Sarmento, ISCAP-IPP: “Intercultural Representations of Gender: Travel Narratives by/about Women”;  Dalila Lopes, ISCAP-IPP: “Representations of Portugal in Non-Portuguese Fiction”;  Cristina Mendes de Freitas, ESE-IPP: “The cultural background in African tales and novels”;  Eduarda Mota, ISCAP-IPP: “Translation and Ideology: Aspects of Manipulation, Censorship and Resistance”;  Luisa Langford, ISCAP-IPP: “Generations and Geographies in the Construction of Gender and Identity”;  Betina Ruiz, FLUP and S. Paulo University: “Female Cultural Heroes: Soror Mariana Alcoforado and Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz”;  Isabel Pinto, University of Oporto: “Life-Stories between East and West”.

4 2. Communication Strategies  Cristina Pinto da Silva, ISCAP-IPP: “Trust the tale AND the teller: Language Teachers’ Narratives across Cultures”;  Maria João Castro, ISCAP-IPP: Social and Cultural Study of E-Learning, Free Software, E-Commerce and Fair-Trade”;  Ivone Osório, ISCAP-IPP: “Linguistic Analysis of Grammatical Problems across Languages”;  Thomas Brysch, ESTG-IPVC: “Communication Routines in Internet Communication”;  José Campos Amorim, ISCAP-IPP: “Comparative Law across Cultures”;  Margarida Seixas, Law School of the University of Lisbon: “Juridical study of the legal condition of slavery”;  Deolinda Meira, ISCAP-IPP: “The Juridical System of Cooperatives: A Study in Comparative Law”;  Manuela Ribeiro da Silva, ISCAP-IPP: “A comparative study of the systems of public employment and local government”;  Paula Peres, ISCAP-IPP: “Cross-Cultural Issues in B-Learning Strategies”.

5  PhDs Communication Strategies Gender unrelated research lines

6 Advisory Board Amparo Moreno Sardá, Facultat de Ciències de la Comunicació, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, España. Anxo Fernandez Ocampo, Facultade de Filoloxía e Tradución, Universidade de Vigo, España. Barbara Watson Andaya, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, University of Hawaii at Manoa, The United States of America. Carlos Gouveia, Departamento de Estudos Anglísticos, Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal. Cláudia Alvares, Departamento de Ciências da Comunicação, Artes e Tecnologias da Informação, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Portugal. David Inglis, Department of Sociology, School of Social Science, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom. Gerald Locklin, English Department, University of Long-Beach, California, The United States of America. Maria de Deus Manso, Departamento de História, Universidade de Évora, Portugal. Maria Johanna Schouten, Centro de Estudos Sociais, Universidade da Beira Interior, Portugal. Phillip Rothwell, Department of Spanish and Portuguese, School of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, The United States of America. Xoán Manuel Garrido Vilariño, Facultade de Filoloxía e Tradución, Universidade de Vigo, España.

7 6 = 6

8 Lisboa as seen by John Berger, by Dalila Lopes (CEI – ISCAP) Getting the Thread of the Story: Analysing Teachers’ Narratives, by Cristina Pinto da Silva (CEI – ISCAP) Colonial Representations by Women: Isabel Tamagnini’s Far East, by Clara Sarmento (CEI – ISCAP) Slavery: People and Work in Portuguese Law, by Margarida Seixas (CEI – Univ. Lisboa) Cultural Heroes: Sóror Mariana Alcoforado and Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, by Betina Ruiz (CEI - Univ. São Paulo) Women in the Portuguese Colonial Empire: Education and Religion, by Maria de Deus Manso (Univ. Évora) East Timor in Australian texts, from travel books to children’s literature, by David Callahan (Univ. Aveiro) The Construction of Gender and Identity: Paradigms, H. Guimarães & L. Langford (CEI – ISCAP) Life-Stories between East and West: Narratives by Women in Times of War, by Isabel Pinto (CEI - Univ. Porto) CONFERENCES 2007 – 2010 Usages of Portuguese in Europe: Towards a reflection on multilingual spaces and contexts Clara Keating (CES – Univ. Coimbra) Communicative Spaces in Tourism Thomas Brysch (CEI and IPVC) Inter-cultures in the First European Vanguards Manuela Veloso (ISCAP) Translation: An Experience between Fields Margarida Vale de Gato (translator) Reception Studies as a Multidimensional Model: Stereotypes of Ethnicity and Gender Cláudia Alvares (Univ. Lusófona) Mixed Marriages between Europeans: a sociological analysis on their evolution in Portugal Sofia Gaspar (CIES-ISCTE) Digital Spaces in the Intercultural Society Anabela Mesquita (ISCAP) The Cultural Background in African Tales Cristina Pinto (CEI and ESE-IPP) Comparative Juridical Systems José Campos Amorim (CEI – ISCAP) Traditions of Translation: Globalization and the Politics of Fear and Hope Paulo Seixas (Univ. Fernando Pessoa) Cooperative Culture: A Juridical Study Deolinda Meira (CEI – ISCAP) ECREA WOMEN’S NETWORK INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP Une Voix Féminine Musulmane et la Francophonie Christine Rémy (ISCAP) The Terrible Birth of Beauty: Literary Creation in Some Authors João de Mancelos (Univ. Católica) Minahasa (North Sulawesi): The Success Story of Dutch Colonialism in Indonesia Johanna Schouten (Univ. Beira Interior) 'You’re a good teacher but classes suck’ – On the relation between Discourse and Intercultural Space in Communication Carlos A. M. Gouveia (Univ. Lisboa) Translation and Ideology: Aspects of Manipulation, Censorship and Resistance Eduarda Mota (CEI – ISCAP) Seminar Portuguese Globalization: An Intercultural Approach

9 II International Conference “Female Slavery, Orphanage and Poverty in the Portuguese Colonial Empire (16 th to 20 th centuries)” ISCAP 20 – 22 November 2006 Thematic Sessions:  Cross-Disciplinary Theoretical Session  Female Subalternity and Cultural Behaviour  Female Slavery  Literature and Linguistics through Female Voices  36 papers  Portugal, Brazil, Macao, USA, Canada  28 female speakers  6 male speakers

10 Thematic Sessions: East Timor: between Southeast Asia, the Pacific and Europe Economic and Cultural Globalization Gender and Intercultural Studies Intercultural Studies in History Journeys through Cultures Learning / Teaching Languages and Cultures Representations of Portugal Tourism and Intercultural Studies Translation and Interpreting

11 72 papers Australia, Austria, Azerbeijan, Brazil, Canada, France, İran, İtaly, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Turkey, UK, USA 43 female speakers 30 male speakers Gender and Intercultural Studies 12 papers Brazil, Canada, Portugal, Turkey, USA 11 female speakers 1 male speaker (Turkey)

12 Conference “Colonialism and Interculture” ISCAP, 6 February 2009 “ Women in the colony: interculture, social experience and religious fusion in the Portuguese America”; “Education and Interculturality: towards a new culture?”; “Colonizing Everyday Life: The case of Macao”; “The Company of Jesus and abortion in Japan”; “People in Transit: Human flows between Portugal, Angola, Mozambique and Cape Verde”; “The two sides of the coin: Sexuality between masters and slaves in Brazil”. Portugal, Brazil, China, and Japan 4 female speakers 2 male speakers, both with gender related conferences

13 Publishing Eastwards / Westwards: Which Direction for Gender Studies in the 21 st Century? Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007 1. Construction and Reaffirmation of Social Gender Stereotypes through the Use of Language: The Case of Hindi Anjali Pande 2. Gender Equality in Ukraine: Between Declarations and Reality Alissa Tolstokorova 3. Culture and Language: Reflections on Gender Equality in Kazakhstan Maria Helena Guimarães 4. The Semiosis of the Feminine in Bangla Language Raahseed Mahmood and Ahmed Bokhtiar 5. Marriage in China as an Expression of a Changing Society: A Return to Tradition? Elisabetta Colla 6. The “Other Woman” in the Overseas Space: The Case of Portuguese India Maria de Deus Manso 7. Heading East this Time: Critical Readings on Gender in Southeast Asia Clara Sarmento

14 Condição Feminina no Império Colonial Português Porto: Edições Politema, 2008  29 authors from Portugal, Brazil, Africa and Macao.  26 female.  3 male (Brazilian).

15 Women in the Portuguese Colonial Empire: The Theatre of Shadows Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008 Female Slavery Memories of Slavery: Women and Human Trade in the Newspapers of Pernambuco, Brazil, from 1850 to 1888 Black Slaves and the Practice of Witchcraft in Portugal During the Modern Era Female Slavery, Domestic Economy and Social Status in the Zambezi Prazos during the 18th Century The Contribution of the Anais de Vila Bela to the Study of Slavery in the Portuguese Empire Slave Women’s Children in the Portuguese Empire: Legal Status and its Enforcement Women’s Work in the Fairs and Markets of Luanda Food and Religion: Women and the African-Brazilian Identity in the late Nineteenth Century Literature and Female Voices Autobiographic Writing and the Adoption of a Female Voice: A Portrait of Mariana Alcoforado’s letters Representations of Gender in the Letters and Writings of St. Francis Xavier Battle Against Silence: The Diary of Graciete Nogueira Batalha, A Teacher in Macao Female Voices in the Fall of the Empire: O Esplendor de Portugal by António Lobo Antunes Ibicaba and the Exploitation of Swiss Immigrants in Brazil Settlers and Slavery in Brazil: The Need for a New Approach Pre-Feminism in the 19 th Century: Guiomar Torresão and her Baroness 19 th Century Women Travellers: A Female View on the Feminine Condition in Brazil Cultural Behaviour The Conquest of Public Space: Female Protagonism in the Religious Sphere (17 th and 18 th centuries) Equal Before the Law, Unequal in the Community: Education and Social Construction of Female Authority in East Timor* The Feminine Ideal of 18 th Century Colonial Brazil Meanders of Female Subordination: When the Servant Becomes the Master Gender and Notability: Portuguese Immigrant Women in the Societies of Beneficence in Brazil, 1854-1889 Women and the Macao Holy House of Mercy

16 Other gender related editions: Life Histories of Women and Families Between Macao and Timor in the First Half of the 20 th Century Women Representing Colonialism: Isabel Tamagnini’s ‘Orient’ The Economic Status of Cooperatives in Portuguese Law: The Social Capital

17 From Here to Diversity: Globalization and Intercultural Dialogues Forthcoming... From Here to Diversity: Globalization and Intercultural Dialogues Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010 24 essays 28 contributors from: Australia, Canada, France, İtaly, Portugal, Romania, Spain, The Netherlands, Turkey, UK, USA 15 female ; 13 male Gender related essays: A Lady’s Visit to Manilla and Japan: Gender, travel and intercultural representations The Films of Turkish-German Female Directors: Representations of migration through mother-daughter relationships* Women and African culture in Mozambique 1750-1850 The gender factor in encounters between cultures: Dutch and Asians in 17 th and 18 th century Batavia

18 Diálogos Interculturais: Os Novos Rumos da Viagem [Cultural Dialogues: New Directions for the Journey] Edições Politema, 2010 31 essays 35 contributors from: Portugal, Brazil, Iran, The Netherlands, and Italy 18 female ; 16 male Gender related essays: Correspondence (s) Mécia and Jorge de Sena: A network of Affections and Portuguese-American Exile Female Colonial Elite and African Culture in Mozambique First Modernisms and Metropolis: Migrant cultural aesthetics and trans-cultural sceneries in Berlin and London Marriage and Republican Legislation: An intercultural approach to gender discrimination Travel Journals and Gendered Representations in the Far East The ‘other’ Florbela Espanca: On her translated fictional and narrative prose* Forthcoming...

19 Other gender related activities: ECREA Women’s Network. Athena Network. Research project “Portuguese Women Writers”, University of Lisbon and University of Oporto. Research Seminar on Gender and World History, European University Institute, Florence, Italy. II Encuentro de Expertas para Consolidar la Rede Internacional del Feminario Mujeres y Cultura de Masas, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona.

20 Conclusions...? Gender = women’s studies* Gender = social construct = female & male Gender = men’s studies? Men’s studies = mainstream science (women’s studies = ‘branch’) Men actually doing women’s studies (minority...) Women expected to do women’s studies? Academic ghetto?

21 Women Researching in the Intercultural Sphere: A Portuguese Case ….. Research + writing + conferences + classes + evaluation + supervise theses + institutional duties + everyday chores + career management, …….. Women Researching: A Trans-Cultural Case Women Researching: A Trans-Cultural Case


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