Presentation on theme: "Infinitivo “com to”... É normalmente usado... Após Adjetivos Adjetivos Advérbios Advérbios Substantivos (com intenção de indicar finalidade) Substantivos."— Presentation transcript:
Infinitivo “com to”...
É normalmente usado... Após Adjetivos Adjetivos Advérbios Advérbios Substantivos (com intenção de indicar finalidade) Substantivos (com intenção de indicar finalidade) Pronomes indefinidos Pronomes indefinidos Pronomes interrogativos Pronomes interrogativos Locuções verbais Locuções verbais
glad (adjetivo) I’m glad to hear of your conquest. (adjetivo) badly (advérbio) She behaved badly to call the shots. (advérbio) tool (substantivo com finalidade) Do you have a tool to open this box? (substantivo com finalidade) something (pronome indefinido) I have something to tell you about the trip. (pronome indefinido) what (pronome interrogativo) I don’t know what to say about that. (pronome interrogativo) have decided (locução verbal) They have decided to buy that boat. (locução verbal)
Exemplos: decided They decided to make him wait for a while. plan The students plan to study English. attempted Paul attempted to receive the payment. Após os seguintes verbos... expect (esperar) have(must) (precisar, ter) hope (esperar) learn (aprender) manage (gerenciar) need (precisar) offer (oferecer) order (ordenar) plan (planejar) prefer (preferir) pretend (fingir) promise (prometer) refuse (recusar) seem (parecer) tell (contar) threaten (ameaçar) try (tentar) used (costumava) want (querer) wish (desejar) (can) afford (ter meios para) appear (aparecer) arrange (arranjar, organizar) attempt (tentar) ask (pedir, perguntar) be about (estar para) be supposed (esperar-se que) dare (ousar, atrever-se) decide (decidir)
Usos do infinitivo “sem to”...
Após os auxiliares will would shall can could may might should must need not Exemplos: will They will work tomorrow morning. would I would like to know him. shall We shall dance softly. can Paul can try the new method. could She could type very quickly. may It may rain. might He might have come. should They should learn Physics. need not She need not worry about the exams. must Paul must study Portuguese.
Após as expressões would rather ( preferir) had better (é melhor) Exemplos: would rather I would rather spend my money on clothes. would rather She would rather visit the United States. had better You had better study harder. had better He had better go there.
Após os verbos make (fazer) let (deixar, permitir) have (mandar) made The joke made me blush. Let Let her go. have I will have the maid clean the house. Exemplos: Após as conjunções but (exceto) except (exceto) Exemplos: but There is nothing to do but wait for him here. except He will do anything except dance with you.
Usos do gerúndio...
Após preposições on He kept on talking for three hours last night. of John is tired of working in that factory. without We ran five miles without stopping. in Are you interested in working for us ? at I’m not very good at learning languages. of What are the advantages of having a car ? Before Before I going out I phoned Ann. after What did you do after leaving school ?
Após as expressões can’t stand (não suportar) can’t bear (não suportar) can’t help (não poder evitar) it’s no good (não é bom) it’s no use (não adianta, é inútil) to be worth (valer a pena) to be worthwhile (valer a pena) feel like (estar a fim de) Exemplos: can’t stand I can’t stand studying grammar. can’t bear She can’t bear staying there. can’t help I can’t help crying when I think of her. It’s no good It’s no good wasting money. It’s no use It’s no use waiting. is worth This book is worth reading. is worthwhile That car is worthwhile buying. feel like What do you feel like doing now ?
Após os seguintes verbos admit (admitir) appreciate (apreciar) avoid (evitar) consider (considerar) delay (adiar) deny (negar) detest (detestar) enjoy (apreciar) excuse (desculpar) practice (praticar) quit (abandonar) recall (recordar) remember (lembrar) regret (lamentar) resist (resistir) risk (arriscar) stop (parar) suggest (sugerir) fancy (fantasiar) finish (terminar) imagine (imaginar) involve (envolver) keep (manter) mind (importar-se) miss (perder) pardon (perdoar, desculpar) postpone (adiar) Exemplos: avoid Try to avoid traveling at night. enjoy Most women enjoy shopping. finished He finished writing his weekly report.
Usos do “gerúndio e infinitivo sem to”...
Após os seguintes verbos hear (ouvir) see (ver) watch (observar) feel (sentir) notice (notar) observe (observar) perceive (perceber) Exemplos: heard I heard her leave leaving the house last night. watched They watched the man cut cutting the trees. saw We saw him pick picking up the wallet.
Usos do “gerúndio e infinitivo com to”...
advise (aconselhar) attempt (tentar) begin (começar) start (começar) continue (continuar) forget (esquecer) hate (odiar) leave (partir, deixar) like (gostar) love (amar) mean (significar) neglect (negligenciar) prefer (preferir) permit (permitir) remember (lembrar) stop (parar) study (estudar) try (tentar) Após os seguintes verbos Exemplos: started Ralph started to run when he saw the robber. started He started laughing after the joke.
Atenção ! stopped She has stopped writing. de (Ela parou de escrever.) stopped She has stopped the work to write. para (Ela parou seu trabalho para escrever.)
had better é melhor (ITA - SP) - If you are in a hurry, you had better ( é melhor ) ______by subway. a) going b) to go c) go d) to going e) gone Test 1
stopped (OSEC - SP) - She stopped _______cigarettes. Her doctor told her not to do it. a) to smoke b) of smoking c) smoke d) by smoking e) smoking Test 2
After (FCC - SP) - After ________you at your home. I’ll go to my office. a) to live b) to leave c) leaving d) leave e) living Test 3
Before (PUC - SP) - Before ________ to bed, we brush our teeth. a) to going b) go c) going d) gone e) to go Test 4
want (PUC - SP) - They want_____________. a) for you to go there. b) that you to go there. c) you go there. d) you to go there. e) that you going there. Test 5
(PUC - SP) - A expressão que corretamente completa a frase… to “I objected to ____________”. a) do that work b) have done that work c) done that work d) doing that work e) did that work Test 6
(FMU - SP) – The verb that completes the sentence is… “Do you cook yourself ? to Yes, I’ m used to ___________.” a) being cooked b) be cooked c) cook d) cooking e) cooked Test 7
(FMU - SP) – The correct alternative that completes the answer related to the question below. “Do you want to go to Europe ?” I’d rather prefiro “No, I’d rather ( prefiro )________the United States.” a) visiting b) visit c) visitting d) to visit e) visited Test 8
It’s no use não adianta (FMU - SP) - It’s no use ( não adianta ) ____there because she isn’t at home. a) going b) go c) to go d) gone e) have gone Test 9
made before (FMU - SP) - She made me ______ the bill before________. a) paid; to travel b) pay; travelling c) paying; travelling d) to pay; travel e) pay; to travel Test 10
used He used ____________long distances. a) walk b) walking c) to walk d) walked e) to walking Test 11
feel like sentir vontade d rather preferir She doesn’t feel like ( sentir vontade ) ______to the club; She’ d rather ( preferir ) _____home today. a) to go; to stay b) going; staying c) go; stay d) going; stay e) going; to stay Test 12
Letd better é melhor Let me ________you. We’d better ( é melhor ) ____this quickly. a) help; finish b) to help; to finish c) help; finishing d) helping; finish e) help; to finish Test 13
mindbefore Would you mind _____the window before _____? a) to open; smoking b) openning; smoking c) opening; smoking d) open; smoke e) opening; to smoke Test 14
decided They’ve decided _____him _______for a while. a) make; wait b) to make; wait c) to make; waiting d) making; waiting e) make; to wait Test 15
Stopimpossible Stop ___________! It’s impossible _______you. a) running; reaching b) running; to reach c) to run; to reach d) runing; to reach e) running; reach Test 16
wants He wants ____________. a) to quit to drink b) to quit drinking c) quit drinking d) quitting to drink e) quit drink Test 17
enjoycan’t We enjoy _______although we can’t _______it very often. a) to dance; do b) dance; doing c) dancing; to do d) dancing; do e) to dance; to do Test 18
was used The novelist was used ________early in the morning. a) to finishing write b) to finish to write c) finish writing d) to finish writing e) to finishing writing Test 19
in He’s interested in _________that house but for worth me it is not even worth ________it. a) buy; seeing b) buying; to see c) buying; seeing d) to buy; to see e) buying; see Test 20
(Puccamp - SP) - Select the verb that cannot be used in the blank. She_____________studying that particular problem. a) avoided b) stopped c) was prevented from d) doesn’t mind e) decided Test 21
(Puccamp - SP) - Select the correct alternative. mind I hope you don’t mind _________outside. a) waiting b) wait c) have to wait d) to wait e) none of the above applies. Test 22
to Sally seems to be used to______people do things for her. a) - b) having c) had d) have e) none of the above applies. Test 23
without (Sta. Cecília - Santos - SP) - You cannot be a doctor without ____ hard. a) to study b) studying c) study d) studied e) to studied Test 24
for (FESP) - That student apologized for _______ in class. a) shouted b) he shouts c) shouting d) having shout e) shout Test 25
(FESP) - É melhor eu tomar remédio. a) It’s better that I take some medicine. b) I’d rather take some medicine. c) I’d better take some medicine. d) It’s better that I’d take some medicine. e) It’s rather I’d take some medicine. Test 26
enjoys (FCC-SP) - He enjoys ___________in the mountains. a) to camp b) camping c) to camping d) camped e) camp Test 27
of (UnB - DF) - He is very fond of ________. a) to read b) had read c) reading d) read e) to reading Test 28
of (FAAP - SP) - He is in charge of____ the dog. a) training b) having trained c) to train d) trainning e) trained Test 29
(FAAP - SP) - Which is the correct form? a) Instead of to study he went to the movies. b) Instead of studies he went to the movies. c) Instead of studied he went to the movies. d) Instead of studying he went to the movies. e) Instead of to studying he went to the movies. Test 30