Presentation on theme: "Ch. 13: People & Communities in a Slave Society Free Southerners: Farmers, Free Blacks, and Planters."— Presentation transcript:
Ch. 13: People & Communities in a Slave Society Free Southerners: Farmers, Free Blacks, and Planters
Question What was life like as a landless white? What was life like a a free black?
Landless Whites Made up 25-40 percent of the population, depending on state. By 1860, 1/5 th of the white population in the Chesapeake area was in poverty. Had to work for others in the country side and in towns. Only had a few household items and some animals (usually pigs). They had to save money and find odd jobs just to climb to the rank of yeomen.
Causes? Low wages Unpredictable market value for crops (such as cotton). An economy dominated by cotton producers who relied on slave labor.
Free Blacks Usually were descendents of manumitted slaves or runaways. By 1860 there were nearly 250,000 free blacks, however their status in society did not change significantly. Their lifestyle was worse than a yeoman, and little better than a slave. They often ended up working in rural areas ALONG SIDES with slaves in someones field.
Black Landowners A minority bought land and became skilled craftsmen. They owned their own slaves. By 1830 there were 3,775 free black slaveholders.