Presentation on theme: "Roman Law 12 Tables & Justinian Code"— Presentation transcript:
1Roman Law 12 Tables & Justinian Code Ancient RomeRoman Law12 Tables & Justinian Code
2Essential Standards6.C&G.1 Understand the development of government in various civilizations, societies and regions.6.H.2 Understand the political, economic and/or social significance of historical events, issues, individuals and cultural groups.
3Clarifying Objective6.C&G.1.4 Compare the role (e.g. maintain order and enforce societal values and beliefs) and evolution of laws and legal systems (e.g. need for and changing nature of codified system of laws and punishment) in various civilizations, societies and regions.6.H.2.2 Compare historical and contemporary events and issues to understand continuity and change.
4Essential QuestionsWhy were laws written down & posted in ancient civilizations?Why did the Roman 12 tables EVOLVE (change) into the Justinian Code as time past?How does the HISTORICAL EVENT of the Roman 12 Tables & Justinian Code live on today in CONTEMPORARY times?
5Roman 12 TablesThe Roman 12 Tables was the first coded law system of Ancient Rome12 Tables gave specific rules & consequences for breaking those rules
6Roman 12 TablesThe laws were literally set in stone & couldn’t be changedThey were based on everybody being EQUAL before the law (unlike Hammurabi’s Code)Very harsh system
7First Roman Constitution Roman 12 Tables operated as the First Roman ConstitutionA constitution is the law of the land which everyone must follow
812 Tables There were 12 separate tables Each one had different laws in which all Romans had to live byEach law was carved into an ivory table and placed in the Roman Forum
9Written & Posted for all to See The Romans made sure they wrote down & posted all laws in the Roman Forum for all citizens to seeCivilizations wrote down & posted laws so that all citizens could read & understand them
10Essential Questions Get with a partner and answer….. Why were laws written down & posted in ancient civilizations?
11Roman 12 Tables Roman 12 Tables had laws from everything from…. Rights of fathersLand RightsHow to handle DebtTrials
12Consequences/Punishments 8 kinds of punishment for breaking lawsThese consequences ranged from a fine all the way to deathOther consequences included….FloggingCivil DisgraceBanishmentSlavery
13Roman 12 Tables to Justinian Code Roman 12 Tables led to the Justinian CodeThis was a different coded legal system used much later in Roman HistoryJustinian Code had many of the same laws that the Roman Tables had
14Justinian CodeJustinian Code was a legal system invented by Byzantine Emperor Justinian 529 A.D.Justinian Code was written to include all Roman 12 tables but to simplify the law into ONE DOCUMENTThis became the new Roman Constitution
15Justinian CodeJustinian Code was written by going through all of the Roman Tables LawsKept the laws that still were relevantChanged the laws to simplify them in the new code & make them more clear
16Essential Questions Get with a partner and answer….. Why did the Roman 12 tables EVOLVE (change) into the Justinian Code as time past?
17Justinian Code Got rid of the laws that were not relevant any more Also added a couple more lawsMost important one being “a person is innocent until proven guilty”
18Western World LawThe Justinian Code has formed the basis for Western World LawThis includes the legal system in the United States
19Lesson Summery Roman 12 Tables became the first CONSTITUTION of Rome Emperor Justinian invented the Justinian CodeThis was a blend of the Roman 12 Tables & new fairer laws
20Essential Questions Get with a partner and answer….. How does the HISTORICAL EVENT of the Roman 12 Tables & Justinian Code live on today in CONTEMPORARY times?
21Lesson SummeryThe Justinian Code became the Basis of the Western Law System that we use todayThe historical event of the writing of the Justinian Code relates to the contemporary Western Legal system because it carries many of the same laws & principlesCivilizations wrote down & posted laws so that all citizens could read & understand them
22EOG QuestionsWhy did some ancient civilizations write and publish their laws?A) to allow patricians and plebeians to read and vote for the lawsB) to record the laws so that historians would understand ancient cultureC) to ensure that citizens of the civilization would read and understand the lawsD) to guarantee that each politician received a personal copy of the printed laws
23Important Points6.C&G.1.4 (Role & Evolution of Laws) Ancient Romans first had the Roman 12 Tables (first Roman Law Code)6.C&G.1.4 (Role & Evolution of Laws) Rome switched to the Justinian Code (New Roman Law Code)6.C&G.1.4 (Role & Evolution of Laws) Laws were written down so citizens would be able to read & understand the laws6.C&G.1.4 (Role & Evolution of Laws) The difference between these two law systems was that Justinian Code rules that were no longer needed were taken out & new rules were added in to make it more fair6.H.2.2 (Historical vs. Contemporary) Western World now uses many ideas from the Justinian Code today