Presentation on theme: "ACCOUNTING STANDARD 4 CONTINGENCIES AND EVENTS OCCURRING AFTER THE BALANCE SHEET DATE."— Presentation transcript:
ACCOUNTING STANDARD 4 CONTINGENCIES AND EVENTS OCCURRING AFTER THE BALANCE SHEET DATE
TYPES OF EVENTS OCCURRING AFTER THE BALANCE SHEET DATE. i) Events which provide further evidence of conditions that existed at the balance sheet date. ii) Events which are indicative of conditions that arose subsequent to the balance sheet date.
ADJUSTMENTS REQUIRED IN THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS S no Nature of events occurring after the date of B/S Adjustment 1 Event (i)-Accounts receivable as on the balance sheet date. Later some debtors become insolvent. Decrease Accounts Receivable. Show as bad debts 2 Event (ii)- decrement in the value of investments after the balance sheet due to changing market conditions. No adjustment- The conditions after the balance sheet date didnt remain the same. 3 The events do not materially impact the financial statements. Disclosed only in the directors report. 4 The events have a statutory requirement- e.g. proposed dividend. Adjustment will be made in the P/L account. 5 Events which affect the fundamental assumption of going concern of the enterprise- e.g. fire at the factory premises. It needs to be considered if it is proper to use the assumption in the preparation of financial statement.
CONTINGENT LOSS VS CONTINGENT GAIN Contingent Loss should be provided for in the Profit and Loss Account, if: 1. The event is probable. 2. A reliable estimate can be made. Contingent gains should not be recognized in the financial statements
DISCLOSURE The following should be disclosed in the case of directors report as well as in case of footnote: 1. The nature of the contingency. 2. An estimate of the financial effect or the statement that a reliable estimate cant be made.