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Presentation on theme: "- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social."— Presentation transcript:

1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - SOCIAL WORK IN CANADA An Introduction Third Edition Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession

2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Social Work as a Profession The Growth of the Profession The Roles of the Social Worker & Social Service Worker Comparing Social Work, Psychology, & Psychiatry CASWs Code of Ethics The Education of Social Workers Unionization and Salaries The Future of the Profession

3 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Social Work as a Profession In 2004, 80% of social workers were women. (www.jobfutures.ca)www.jobfutures.ca YearNumber of Canadian Social Workers 1931 1,056 1961 10,854 1991 61,135 2004 121,800

4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. The Growth of the Profession Regulated by ten provincial associations and one territorial association Each association is mandated by provincial legislation Individual social workers become registered through membership to regulatory body Canadian Association of Social Workers (CASW) brings all associations together Education is monitored by the Canadian Association for Social Work Education (CASWE)

5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. The Growth of the Profession The Canadian Association of Social Workers (CASW) Founded in 1926 September 1, 1926, the constitution for the Canadian Association of Social Workers was approved Originally, there were 197 initial members Today, it is a federated organization with 16,000 members across the country

6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. The Growth of the Profession The Canadian Association for Social Work Education (CASWE) Founded in 1967 A national association of university faculties, schools, and departments offering professional education in social work Purpose is to advance the standards, effectiveness, and relevance of social work education and scholarship Responsible for reviewing and approving social work education programs

7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. The Growth of the Profession International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW) Founded in Paris in 1928 Represents over half a million social workers in 55 different countries Promotes social work as a profession Links social workers from around the world Promotes the participation of social workers in social policy and planning

8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. The Growth of the Profession International Association of Schools of Social Work (IASSW) Worldwide network of social work educational institutions Adheres to all UN Declarations and Conventions on human rights Recognizes that respect for the inalienable rights of the individual is the foundation of freedom, justice, and peace

9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. The Growth of the Profession Regulating the Social Work Profession Each Canadian province or territory has extensive legislation governing the practice of social work Increasing legislative control over the last 30 years Each Act governs who can call themselves a social worker, the qualifications required, and penalties for unethical behaviour

10 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Roles of the Social & Social Service Worker Social Worker Roles: Enabler Broker Advocate Initiator Mediator Negotiator Activist Educator Coordinator Researcher Group Facilitator Public Speaker

11 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Social Work, Psychology, & Psychiatry Social WorkPsychologyPsychiatry Emphasizes individual within context of broader social environment Focuses on individual behaviour and internal thoughts and feelings Focuses on individually based mental illness, generally treated with prescription medications or biological treatments

12 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Social Work, Psychology, & Psychiatry Integrated Service Delivery (ISD) Provides social and health services Recognizes that individuals or families have a variety of needs Programs coordinate so that all needs are met Social workers act as case managers and service planners Team-based and client-focused model Enables people to access varied services in one location

13 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. CASWs Code of Ethics The Code of Ethics has six core values: 1.Respect for Inherent Dignity and Worth of Persons 2.Pursuit of Social Justice 3.Service to Humanity 4.Integrity of Professional Practice 5.Confidentiality in Professional Practice 6.Competence in Professional Practice

14 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. CASWs Guidelines for Ethical Practice Guidelines for Ethical Practice: Normative standards identify what the expected standard should be Aspirational ethics identify the principles that professionals should attempt to reach Prescriptive ethics refer to behaviours to which professionals are held accountable to uphold

15 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. CASW The Ambiguity of Social Work: Refers to the fact that social workers balance urgent and practical intervention measures with difficult and political questions Situations in which policy and regulations of the agency conflict with the best interests of the client Balancing ones beliefs, professional standards, and agency rules can be difficult

16 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. CASW Ethical Decision-Making What are my feelings and intuition telling me to do? How do my values inform my decision? Will they hinder or help? How will other people be affected by my decision? How would I feel if this decision were made public? What decision would best define who I am as a person?

17 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. The Education of Social Workers Social Worker – university-trained Social Service Worker – college-trained 35 universities offering social work degrees 46 community colleges offering diplomas 29 Canadian universities offer Masters programs 7 Canadian universities offer PhD programs

18 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. The Education of Social Workers Employment Opportunities in Social Work Health and social services Government services Communities Research Self-employment

19 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Unionization and Salaries Most Canadian social workers are members of public sector unions Associations represent social workers in issues of development of the profession, the education of members, and discussion of social policy Unions represent them in areas of pay or working conditions In 2008, 69% of social workers belonged to unions

20 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Unionization and Salaries Salaries of Social Workers Unions have helped raise salaries, improve working conditions, and enhance job security Among the lowest paid service workers Today, social workers increasingly find themselves working for non-unionized, underfunded agencies

21 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Unionization and Salaries

22 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. The Future of the Profession There are several factors that will contribute to significant changes to the social work profession: Privatization Technology Interdisciplinary practice Evidence-based practice Funding cutbacks Demographics Immigration/multiculturalism Globalization

23 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Websites Canadian Association of Social Workers www.casw-acts.ca Canadian Association of Schools of Social Work www.caswe-acfts.ca/en International Federation of Social Workers www.ifsw.org

24 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Questions for Discussion How would you determine when someone is genuinely in need? What would shape your decision? Discuss with a classmate and then share with the class.

25 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Questions for Discussion Based on your answer to Question #2, how might your decision be shaped by your socioeconomic background? Your ethnic background? Your family norms and values?

26 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Questions for Discussion How might the ways in which a social worker perceives a social issue create challenges for interdisciplinary collaboration?

27 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Questions for Discussion Does the composition of the social work profession reflect the diversity of Canadian society? Why might this be important?

28 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Chapter 5: Social Work as a Profession Social Work In Canada Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc. Questions for Discussion What are three important factors that limit the role of social activism in social work today?


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