2Santa Anna Fought in the Mexican revolt against Spain. Served as president on four separate occasions betweenWas a powerful caudillo- military dictator.Was considered a brilliant politician who knew how to control his people.He would later lead thefight against the U.S. tokeep the Texas territory.
3The Texas RevoltMany U.S. citizens moved to Texas in the 1820’s with the encouragement of Mexico.Slavery was practices by many immigrants but was banned in Mexico.Texas colonists revolted in1835 led by Stephen Austin.Santa Anna won severalBattles but was defeated atThe Battle of San JacintoWhere he was captured.
4The Mexican-American War Santa Anna was released in exchange for a pledge to free Texas.When the U.S. annexed Texas in 1845, Santa Anna declared war against the U.S.The war took two years and the U.S. won and captured nearly 1/3 of the total size of Mexico. Treaty of Hidalgo- ended the war
5The fate of Santa AnnaAfter losing to the U.S. he went into exile but returned again in 1853.Finally he went into exile in 1855 for twenty years before returning a poor, blind and broken man.
6Benito Juarez, “the reformer” He ruled from and passed La Reforma.This plan would redistribute land to the poor and increase education in Mexico.He also built railroads, a telegraph system and expanded trade opportunities for Mexico.
7France invades MexicoNapoleon III plotted with conservatives to take Mexico and establish a French colony in the America’s.In 1862, French forces invaded Mexico and captured it within 18 months.Napoleon put Austrian Archduke Maximilian in power, Juarez escaped.After five years of French rule, Napoleon seeing the great expense of ruling Mexico, withdrew.Juarez was reelected.serving for five years untildying of a heart attack
8Porfiro Diaz Ruled from 1876-1911 as a caudillo Democracy was seldom seen inMexico with Diaz.-He promised Mexico “Liberty, orderand progress”.-Mexico developed its railroads,banks and currency.-Rich got rich and poor stayed poor.-Political instability would soon arrive.
9Mexican RevolutionFrancisco Madero- An advocate for democracy who called for political reform.Diaz had Madero arrested after he declared his candidacy for president, he was exiled and then called for a rebellion.In 1913, he returned to Mexicoafter Diaz was defeatedin the revolution.-He served two years before resigningafter being considered too liberal.-He was later assassinated
10Pancho VillaA hero to the Mexican population for his role as a Mexican Robin Hood.He raised an army and help take Diaz out of power in 1911Later he led a raid against the U.S. killing 17 Americans in claiming he was trying to retake Mexico’s lost land. (New Mexico and Texas)
11Pancho VillaWas pursued heavily by the U.S. but was never caught as he was hidden by Mexican locals.Sound familiar???-He and Emilano Zapata helped overthrow Mexico’s new president Victoriano Huerta replacing him with Venustianzo Carranza.-Carranza turned against both Villa and Zapata killing Zapata and sending Villa into hiding.
12Venustiano Carranza Revised a new Mexican constitution in 1917. The new constitution specified land reforms, state take over of catholic properties, new labor laws and legal rights for women along with equal pay.Carranza did not support the final version of the constitution and was overthrown in 1920 by one of his own generals Alvaro Obregon.Obregon ruled until 1928 when he was assassinated.
13The PRIThe Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)- was formed in 1929.This party did not tolerate opposition.The lack of opposition led to a lengthy period of peace and political stability.
14Mexico Still in need of economic stability today Political stability is again in question today