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1. What happened to Siddhartha Gautama when he was twenty-nine years old, and why was it significant to Buddhism? He saw that sickness and death awaited.

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Presentation on theme: "1. What happened to Siddhartha Gautama when he was twenty-nine years old, and why was it significant to Buddhism? He saw that sickness and death awaited."— Presentation transcript:

1 1. What happened to Siddhartha Gautama when he was twenty-nine years old, and why was it significant to Buddhism? He saw that sickness and death awaited us all. Developed the belief in reincarnation. 1BUDDHISM

2 2. What truth did Siddhartha Gautama learn from his meditation and ascetic practice? Clear mindfulness is the key to spiritual understanding. 2BUDDHISM

3 3. Why does Buddhism follow the Middle Way and what does that mean? Resisting attachment allows Buddhists to reach nirvana. The Middle Way is following a simple path through life. 3BUDDHISM

4 4. What is the key mood of Buddhist enlightenment? A state of emotional detachment from negative or positive emotions. 4BUDDHISM

5 5. What is the significance of the Deer Park Sermon? He gave a sermon about the 4 Noble Truths and outlined the beliefs of Buddhism. 5BUDDHISM

6 6. What are Buddha’s Four Noble Truths? 1)Life means suffering. 2)The origin of suffering is attachment. 3)The cessation of suffering is attainable. 4)The path to the cessation of suffering. 6BUDDHISM

7 7. What are the precepts of the Noble Eightfold Path? 1)Right view 2) Right intention 3)Right speech 4) Right action 5) Right livelihood 6) Right effort 7) Right mindfulness 8) Right concentration 7BUDDHISM

8 8. What is karma? An action, cause-effect. A belief that one’s fate is punishment for past deeds. 8BUDDHISM

9 9. What is the connection between karma and reincarnation? What you become is based on how you lived in a previous life. 9BUDDHISM

10 10. What is the primary goal of Buddhist meditation? To free yourself from karma. 10BUDDHISM

11 11. What does Zen Buddhism suggest is the difference between becoming a good person and becoming a human being? Becoming a good person means wanting to do good. Becoming a human being means realizing the basic goodness in everyone. 11BUDDHISM

12 12. WHAT DOES NIRVANA MEAN? It is the ultimate state of freedom from suffering, worries, troubles, etc. 12BUDDHISM

13 13. WHAT ARE THE FOUR GREAT UNLIMITABLES? 1)Loving kindness 2) compassion 3) Sympathetic joy 4) equanimity 13BUDDHISM

14 14. WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF SUFFERING IN BUDDHIST THOUGHT? HOW CAN SUFFERING BE ELIMINATED? Attachment, craving, and clinging to things and ideas. Can be eliminated by attaining dispassion. 14BUDDHISM

15 15. What does the Lotus flower symbolize and suggest about the spirit of Buddhism in the Mahayanist sect? A life of purity in the midst of a defiling world. The spirit of living a pure and enlightened life. 15BUDDHISM

16 16. What does the story of Buddha’s death say about his ultimate beliefs and his integrity of spirit? He did not wish for the person who poisoned him to be punished or judged. He encouraged everyone to continue their path to nirvana. 16BUDDHISM

17 17. How do the Theravada Buddhists differ from the Mahayana Buddhists in belief? Theravada Buddha is not a God You have to follow the Eightfold path to be enlightened and reach nirvana Mahayana Buddha is a God If the Eightfold path is too hard, you can worship Buddha and go to heaven, then follow the path 17BUDDHISM

18 18. Who is the Dalai Lama and how is he chosen? The religious leader of Tibetan Buddhism. They believe that the Dalai Lama will be reincarnated as a boy and they follow clues that lead them to the boy. They give an examination to determine if the boy can identify items from his previous life. 18BUDDHISM

19 19. How did Buddhism become important to Japanese culture? By incorporating their spirits and allowing them to continue their religious beliefs. 19BUDDHISM

20 20. What is Zen Buddhism? What is its primary goal? Deep meanings of life found through self-discipline, meditation, and instruction. The goal is to attain the Buddha mind and see the true nature of enlightenment. 20BUDDHISM

21 1. Which major events tie the years 1054 C.E. and 1965 C.E. together? HINDUISM21

22 2. What are the three main branches of Christianity today? HINDUISM22

23 3. What are the main issues that separate the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches? What are the main similarities between them? HINDUISM23

24 4. What was the relationship between the Jewish faith and Christianity at the time of Christ? HINDUISM24

25 5. Why did the Romans persecute the Christians? HINDUISM25

26 6. What are two monumental actions made by Constantine and how are they significant? HINDUISM26

27 7. What was the Arian heresy? How did the bishops respond? What was Athanasius’ argument? HINDUISM27

28 8. How did the fall of Rome to the Visigoths in 410 C.E. change the growth and evolution of the Roman Catholic Church? HINDUISM28

29 9. What are the Orthodox and Roman Catholic views on the concept of the Trinity? HINDUISM29

30 10. What are the two initial goals of the Crusades? What are three significant results of the Crusades? HINDUISM30

31 11. Why did the Roman Catholic hierarchy come under attack after the 13th century? HINDUISM31

32 12. What is the significance of the Inquisition? HINDUISM32

33 13. What did the Council of Trent decide for the Roman Catholic Church? HINDUISM33

34 14. What does Papal Infallibility mean? HINDUISM34

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