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Chapter 12 Sections 3 and 4 The New South and the End of Reconstruction.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 Sections 3 and 4 The New South and the End of Reconstruction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 12 Sections 3 and 4 The New South and the End of Reconstruction

2 Why did planters have trouble finding people to work for them? The work too closely resembled slavery

3 Sharecropping A family would farm some portion of a planter’s land

4 Sharecropping Harsh life Could be evicted after a harvest

5 Tenant Farming Did not own the land they farmed Paid to rent the land

6 How did sharecroppers and tenant farming differ? Tenant farmers had a little more freedom – Could choose what plants to grow – What hours to work

7 How did changes in farming affect the long term health of the South’s economy? Too make money, Southern planters had to grow cash crops (like cotton) rather than food crops

8 Infrastructure The public property and services a society uses – This was almost completely destroyed in the south

9 How did railroads contribute to the growth of cities? Railroads rebuilt and extended in the south

10 Why was southern industrial growth limited? Southern factories often did not make finished goods-focused on the early stages of manufacturing

11 What were the sources of funding for Reconstruction programs? Congress

12 Enforcement Act of 1870 Banned the use of terror, force, or bribery to prevent people from voting because of their race.

13 Why did Congress pass the Enforcement Act of 1870? KKK spreading terror throughout the South

14 Solid South A strong bloc of former Confederate and Democratic voters in the South

15 Compromise of 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes lost the popular vote in the 1876 Presidential election to Samuel Tilden

16 Compromise of 1877 A Congressional commission was set up to resolve the problem

17 Compromise of 1877 The 2 parties made a deal Hayes would win the Presidency

18 What 4 factors contributed to the end of Reconstruction? Corruption- poor government leadership

19 What were the successes and failures of Reconstruction? Successes Union is restored South’s economy grows and new wealth is created in the North 14 th and 15 th Amendments offer blacks citizenship and equal protection under the law

20 What were the successes and failures of Reconstruction? Failures Many white southerners remain bitter toward the federal government and the Republican Party The South is sow to industrialize After troops leave, many blacks are denied their right to vote

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