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**Clause as Exchange Mieke Miryanti**

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Mood Residue

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Mood elements - Subject : a part of nominal group I, she, they, books … - Finite : a part of verbal group tense → is, were, has, will … modality→ can, would, must …

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Yes/No Interrogative Has the duke given that teapot away Finite Subject Mood Declarative The duke has given away that teapot Subject Fn Mood

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**- the remainder of the clause - predicator, complement, adjunct **

Residue - the remainder of the clause - predicator, complement, adjunct example: She is making a cake for her friends Subject Fn Residue Mood

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**- a verbal group minus finite studying, been waiting, taken … example:**

Predicator - a verbal group minus finite studying, been waiting, taken … example: We are studying English now Subject Fn Predicator Mood Residue

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**- element within the residue**

Complement - element within the residue example: The duke gave my aunt that teapot Subject past Fn give Predicator Complement Mood Residue

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**Adjunct (Circumstantial)**

- prepositional phrases - adverbial phrases example: My aunt was given that teapot yesterday by the duke Subject Fn Pred. Complement Adjunct Mood Residue

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Conjunctive Adjunct - clause initial - as (part of) the textual theme - clause final - between theme and rhyme - between mood and residue however, for instance, anyway …

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**probability, usuality, presumption, **

Modal Adjunct - Mood Adjunct - Comment Adjunct probability, usuality, presumption, inclination, time, degree, and intensity example: Unfortunately however he can’t usually hear clearly on the telephone Comment Adjunct Conjunctive Adjunct S Fn Mood Adjunct Pred. Adj. Adjunct Mood Residue

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**- the order : Subject preceding Finite example:**

WH – interrogative - the order : Subject preceding Finite example: where have all the flowers gone who killed Cock Robin Sub. / WH - (past) Fn kill Pred. Complement Mood Residue

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**- what or how → nominal or adverbial **

Exclamative - what or how → nominal or adverbial - the order: Subject preceding Finite example: how neatly he spreads his claws Adjunct / WH- Subject (present) FN spread Predicator Complement Residue Mood

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**Imperatives - Finite plus Subject - have a mood tag come**

into my parlour will you Predicator Adjunct Finite Subject Residue Mood Tag

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**Polarity positive - negative it ‘s raining - yes usually does Sub. Fn**

Pred. Adjunct Mood Residue is that you - no Finite Subject Complement Adjunct Mood Residue

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The End … Thank You !!! See You Later !!!

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