2 Sportrefers to competitive games that are won or lost on the basis of physical skills and are played according to specific rules
3 HistorySports started out as part of religious festivals (ancient Olympics)With Industrialization, secularization occurred in society and sports became separate from religion, and developed into a social institutionToday, there is a high degree of specialization in sports. (ex: most football players specialize in one position)
4 FUNCTIONALIST PERSPECTIVE ON SPORTS Sports serves the function of:social integration provides common interests and unites people across racial, ethnic, and class distinctionsreinforcing social norms and values sports teach people to value hard work, teamwork, and obedience to authority
5 CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE ON SPORTS Sports maintain social inequality by:distracting people from their problemslegitimizing violencejustifying the unequal distribution of wealth
6 ISSUES in AMERICAN SPORTS Stacking – assigning people to athletic positions based on raceWomen’s Athletics – Title IX has lessened the participation gap for female and male athletics in college
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