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Welcome! 2/4/10 Topics/Goals:

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1 Welcome! 2/4/10 Topics/Goals:
What were the results of the election of 1860? Agenda: Do Now Go over the debate worksheet Election of 1860/South reaction When was it inevitable? HW Do Now: PICK UP THE SLIDES HANDOUT! Pre-Class: What does the word inevitable mean? What are some things in life that are inevitable? Make a list of 5 things

2 Slavery is OK in the South
Douglas’s Argument: Lincoln’s Argument: Slavery is OK in the South Every new Territory (such as Nebraska) should be free If that happens, slavery will die out on its own If half the country is free and half the country is slave, it is NOT OK – we will never be 1 country Slavery is OK in the South States should be ruled by popular sovereignty States should get to choose if they are free or slave If half the country is free and half is slave, it is OK – we can still be 1 country.

3 Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrat) (Constitutional Union)
Election of 1860: Main Candidates Abraham Lincoln (Republican) John Breckinridge (Southern Democrat) Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrat) John Bell (Constitutional Union) Lincoln wins the election… The South is so angry they decide to leave the US!

4 Election of 1860:

5 The Path to Civil War Illustration of General Lewis Armistead at the Battle of Gettysburg Image: © Bettmann/CORBIS

6 Our Big Question for Today:
Was this the point when Civil War inevitable? At what point is it too late for the U.S.A. to turn back peacefully?? Directions: (There are no “magic colors” today) As we go through this PowerPoint, you should do the following: Underline or highlight what is important! Take your own notes in the margins What might be useful to know later when answering the “Big Question?” **On the right side of your paper, after every slide is explained, answer the Big Question.

7 Fugitive Slave Law (FSL)
Story: FSL – Part of Compromise of 1850 Escaped slaves must be returned to masters Judges were bound by law to aid the process Locals “called to posse” Northerners who helped slaves were put in jail and fined Effect Made even more Northerners become abolitionists Effects of the Fugitive-Slave-Law. Image: © CORBIS

8 Bleeding Kansas 1854-1858 Story:
Both sides send people to Kansas to vote Slavery supporters win vote, antislavery supporters set up their own government Lots and lots of fighting! John Brown – hacked 5 men to death with swords (he was not punished) Effect People begin to think violence might be the answer Illustration of a Gunfight on Horseback by G.H. Hayes Pre-Civil War illustration depicting a gun fight from "Bleeding Kansas," a war fought in the 1850's between abolitionists and slavery advocates for control of the territory of Kansas. Image: © Bettmann/CORBIS Location Information: Kansas, USA

9 Painting of John Brown by John Steuart Curry
Story He was a white abolitionist who used violent methods. He and 21 other men led the raid at Harpers Ferry. He was captured and eventually hanged. Effect Caused an even bigger rift between the North and South. The North saw him as a hero and the South saw him as a rebel. Painting of John Brown by John Steuart Curry

10 Dred Scott Decision 1857 Story:
Dred Scott, a slave, moved between free and slave states. Master dies, leaving Scott in MO. Scott sues, saying he should be free because he lived in a free state Supreme Court rules 1) slaves are not citizens so cannot sue 2) slaves are property so can be brought to any state Effect More and more Northerners become abolitionists Southerners begin to worry when the North disagrees with the Supreme Court Newspaper About Dred Scott Decision A copy of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper has a front page story on the Supreme Court anti-abolitionist Dred Scott Decision of The story includes illustrations of Dred Scott and his family. Image: © CORBIS Date Created: ca. 1857

11 Lincoln Douglas Debate 1858
Story: Lincoln and Douglas have a debate. The main topic is new territories and states People are impressed with Lincoln’s charm, but Douglas wins the seat Effect Helps make Lincoln (an Abolitionist) famous enough to run for president later Lincoln At Lincoln Douglas Debate Original caption: Lincoln at the Lincoln-Douglas debate Undated image. Image: © Bettmann/CORBIS

12 Election of 1860 Story: Lincoln wins!
Lincoln has the most votes but the split between him and the others who supported slavery was 50/50. Effect South secedes, beginning with South Carolina Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln Postcard Image: © PoodlesRock/CORBIS Date Created: ca. 1910

13 Create an Outline – What is your response?
Prompt: Was the Civil War inevitable? Yes  The Civil War was inevitable. Three examples that show the country moving to war are… These three examples show that the country was building towards war. No  The Civil war was not inevitable. Three examples that show that war was not the only path are… These three examples show that the

14 Create an Outline – what are your examples?
List what your three examples are. Consult the list on the handout. Remember you examples must be concrete. 3 things that are no good: “what ifs?”, hypothetical situations, misinterpreted fact

15 Was the Civil War inevitable. Why or why not
Was the Civil War inevitable? Why or why not? Give 3 examples to support your answer. Use your notes, use this slide show, use anything else we have done in or out of class over the past few weeks to help you come up with good, solid examples to support your answer. Here is a list of some events and ideas that you might consider as part of your answer. Missouri Compromise Bleeding Kansas Nat Turner Rebellion Dred Scott Decision Abolitionist Movement John Brown Kansas-Nebraska Act Lincoln-Douglas Debates **“Brooks—Sumner Affair” Election of 1860

16 Was the Civil War inevitable. Why or why not
Was the Civil War inevitable? Why or why not? Give 3 examples to support your answer. You essay should be NO LESS than 1 page (most should be longer – it is hard to answer this in less than 1 page). Typed on the computer is preferred. Your essay should have an introduction (where you say what you believe and list the examples you will use), 3 body paragraphs (1 for each example), and a conclusion paragraph. Remember don’t just list examples, you need to explain your examples!

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