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USH 12 – Secondary Effects Secondary Effects USH 12 Experience Dane and Sauk Counties Wisconsin Dane and Sauk Counties Wisconsin.

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Presentation on theme: "USH 12 – Secondary Effects Secondary Effects USH 12 Experience Dane and Sauk Counties Wisconsin Dane and Sauk Counties Wisconsin."— Presentation transcript:

1 USH 12 – Secondary Effects Secondary Effects USH 12 Experience Dane and Sauk Counties Wisconsin Dane and Sauk Counties Wisconsin

2 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History Went through an extensive public/agency involvement process 1991 to 1995 –Study committees with governments and agencies (before they were popular) –Project scoping meetings –Township coordination meetings –Public Involvement Meetings –Interaction with ALL agencies Madison Fitchburg Middleton Sauk City Mile Project Corridor DOT wanted to improve a 2-lane rural roadway radiating from the Madison Metropolitan Area to a 4- lane expressway (Dane County)

3 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History Focus of concern was agricultural impacts to this corridor lined with dairy farms. Because of this, on-alignment alternatives were favored to reduce farm severances

4 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History 1993 Ho-Chunk Bingo Hall lies on USH 12 –2 miles south of Interstate 90/94 –20 miles north of Sauk City –40 miles north of Madison 1993 Changes in legislation allow Bingo Hall to convert to Casino –Traffic Volumes Dramatically Increase

5 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History 1994 DOT initiates EIS for 11 mile portion of USH 12 south of interstate (Sauk County) –Leaves an 11 mile segment of unimproved roadway between two projects 1995 DOI letter cites segmentation DOT answers by including impacts of whole corridor in the EIS for both projects –Even for roadway portion not going to be improved for 20 years

6 USH 12 – Secondary Effects Background Dane County DEIS released in 1995 –Almost all supported a four-lane improvement on existing alignment Sauk County DEIS released in 1996 –5 different alignments investigated, both on and off-alignment

7 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History Baraboo Range National Natural Landmark!!!! Quartzite Range 27 miles long 14 miles wide South Range Largest block of unfragmented forest in the Mid-west Iowa Minnesota Wisconsin Illinois Indiana Driftless Plains District Sand Plains District Moraines District Southern Minnesota and Wisconsin Savanna Ecoregion Baraboo Hills Bioreserve NORTH

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9 History

10 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History Clear-cut in early 1900’s Steep slopes and rocky soils limited agricultural use Steep slopes and rocky soils limited septic systems Lack of development allowed reforestation Home to many T&E species (particularly neo-tropical birds “Last Great Place” by Nature Conservancy National Natural Landmark Most of land still privately owned

11 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History New secondary effects concerns With a four-lane roadway – BRNNL more attractive to live in for Madison commuters A regulatory agency asked for quantitative analysis of how improvement would affect BRNNL –How many new commuters (2 nd Effect) –How many locate in BRNNL (2 nd Effect) –How the new households would affect T&E species (3 rd Effect)

12 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History DOT promptly started a review –(Project on Fast Track) Three quantitative analysis started: –Gravity-type –Commuter Shed Review –Highway Type vs. Community Growth  Resulted in Increasing DOA projections Qualitative review of effects to T&E species also initiated

13 USH 12 – Secondary Effects Gravity-type Model

14 USH 12 – Secondary Effects Commuter Shed Analysis

15 USH 12 – Secondary Effects Change in DOA Projections 54% more population growth than projected

16 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History 167 acres of more residential development in BRNNL 28 caused by highway improvement 120 page analysis listed in SDEIS Allocated development to areas most susceptible to development to determine effect to T&E species

17 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History

18 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History Agencies were skeptical –Believed effects would be much greater –EPA threatened an EU rating EPA commissioned their own study from Argonne Labs Argonne Report extremely critical of quantitative methods used –Report seemed to advocate more rigorous use of Gravity Model (emphasis on commuters) Criticisms of qualitative analysis to T&E species were modest

19 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History DOT responded: –Review of historical changes in land use in the BRNNL –Supplemental quantitative analysis focusing on Gravity model. –Released a Supplemental DEIS for Sauk county USH 12

20 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History Historical Land Use change in BRNNL (From Satellite photographs) Forest Interior Actually Increased from 1962 to 1992!

21 USH 12 – Secondary Effects History Supplemental Gravity Analysis –12 different models performed –All indicated a change in commuters of 13 to 28 more commuters from BRNNL due to improved highway times Agencies (DATCP) critical of analysis –Said it only considered effect of commuter, and not local growth

22 USH 12 – Secondary Effects USH 12 MOA Phased Construction in Dane County –1999 Preliminary work only – Construct northern portion – Grading, no pavement in southern portion –2004 Construction of Middleton Bypass

23 USH 12 – Secondary Effects USH 12 MOA Access Control and Adjoining Land Divisions –30% fewer access points as compared to current roadway –500 foot control of access along local roads –1000 foot control of access along State and County roads

24 USH 12 – Secondary Effects USH 12 MOA Commuter Rail/Transit Alternatives Study to be completed Fund 50% of PE for locally preferred alternative for commuter rail/transit study. Secondary Land Use Impact Methodology –Survey state of art modeling techniques –Provide guidelines for use of models –Identify improvement needed in models

25 USH 12 – Secondary Effects USH 12 MOA BRNNL Protection Fund –$5 million for purchase of land or development rights in Baraboo Range –Legislature not amused, passed bill that development rights can only be purchased within ½ mile of highway Right-of-Way Preservation outside BRNNL –$5 million for development rights in Dane and Sauk Counties –Local Planning Assistance

26 USH 12 – Secondary Effects USH 12 MOA Ice Age National Scenic Trail –Grade Separated Crossings –Transportation Enhancement aid Play nice together provisions Meet biannually to discuss status of MOA One original signer left, considers himself to be the conscious of the MOA

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