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FIGURE 12-1 PNP transistor symbol and crystal structure. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education,

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Presentation on theme: "FIGURE 12-1 PNP transistor symbol and crystal structure. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education,"— Presentation transcript:

1 FIGURE 12-1 PNP transistor symbol and crystal structure. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

2 FIGURE 12-2 NPN transistor symbol and crystal structure. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

3 FIGURE 12-3 Emitter-base biasing. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

4 FIGURE 12-4 Base-collector biasing. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

5 FIGURE 12-5 NPN transistor biasing. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

6 FIGURE 12-6 Current carriers passing through an NPN transistor. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

7 FIGURE 12-7 Current carriers passing through a PNP transistor. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

8 FIGURE 12-8 Collector family of characteristic curves for an NPN transistor. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

9 FIGURE 12-9 Operating regions of a transistor. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

10 FIGURE 12-10 Transistor operation by regions: (a) active region; (b) cutoff region; (c) saturation region. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

11 FIGURE 12-10 continued Transistor operation by regions: (a) active region; (b) cutoff region; (c) saturation region. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

12 FIGURE 12-10 continued Transistor operation by regions: (a) active region; (b) cutoff region; (c) saturation region. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

13 FIGURE 12-11 Transistor characteristic curve test circuit. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

14 FIGURE 12-12 Transistor package: (a) small-signal devices; (b) large-signal devices; (c) epoxy devices. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved. (a)

15 FIGURE 12-12 continued Transistor package: (a) small-signal devices; (b) large-signal devices; (c) epoxy devices. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved. (b)

16 FIGURE 12-12 continued Transistor package: (a) small-signal devices; (b) large-signal devices; (c) epoxy devices. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved. (c)

17 FIGURE 12-13 Junction polarity of (a) PNP and (b) NPN transistors. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

18 FIGURE 12-13 continued Junction polarity of (a) PNP and (b) NPN transistors. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

19 FIGURE 12-14 Ohmmeter transistor testing. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

20 FIGURE 12-15 Transistor gain test: (a) PNP test circuit; (b) NPN test circuit. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

21 FIGURE 12-15 continued Transistor gain test: (a) PNP test circuit; (b) NPN test circuit. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

22 FIGURE 12-16 NPN gain test. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

23 FIGURE 12-17 PNP gain test. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

24 FIGURE 12-18 N-channel junction field-effect transistor. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

25 FIGURE 12-19 Source-drain conduction of a JFET. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

26 FIGURE 12-20 P-channel junction field-effect transistor. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

27 FIGURE 12-21 Family of drain curves for an N-channel JFET. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

28 FIGURE 12-22 Drain curve test circuit for an N-channel JFET. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

29 FIGURE 12-23 Enhancement mode MOSFET: 9a) N-channel; (b) P-channel. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

30 FIGURE 12-23 continued Enhancement mode MOSFET: 9a) N-channel; (b) P-channel. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

31 FIGURE 12-24 Family of drain curves for an E-type MOSFET (N-channel type). Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

32 FIGURE 12-25 D-type MOSFET: (a) N-channel; (b) P-channel. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

33 FIGURE 12-25 continued D-type MOSFET: (a) N-channel; (b) P-channel. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

34 FIGURE 12-26 Family of drain curves for a D-type N-channel MOSFET. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

35 FIGURE 12-27 Cross-sectional view of an N-channel V-MOSFET. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

36 FIGURE 12-28 Unijunction transistor. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

37 FIGURE 12-29 Characteristic curve for a UJT. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

38 FIGURE 12-30 Resistance values of a JFET: 9a) N-channel; (b) P-1 channel. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

39 FIGURE 12-31 D-MOSFET resistances: (a) N-channel; (b) P-channel; (c) N-1 channel; (d) P-channel. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

40 FIGURE 12-32 E-MOSFET resistances: (a) N-channel; (b) P-channel; (c) N-1 channel; (d) P-channel. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.

41 FIGURE 12-33 UJT ohmmeter resistance values. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved.


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