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1 © by Lufthansa Flight Training The Lufthansa Approach to Ab Initio Training Florian Hamm, CEO Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009, Hong.

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Presentation on theme: "1 © by Lufthansa Flight Training The Lufthansa Approach to Ab Initio Training Florian Hamm, CEO Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009, Hong."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 © by Lufthansa Flight Training The Lufthansa Approach to Ab Initio Training Florian Hamm, CEO Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009, Hong Kong

2 2 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Agenda >Background to Lufthansas ab initio training >Concept development >MPL A Jet - Training programme >Synchronising with Lufthansa Flight Operations >Information technology >Conclusion

3 3 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 The history of ab initio training at Lufthansa Classic ab initio FUTURAMPL Background to Lufthansas ab initio training

4 4 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Starting point for introducing a new ab initio training concept >ICAO Multi-Crew Pilot Licence (MPL) >Benchmarking study of training costs >Life-time limit of existing training aircraft PA 42 >Fundamental policy of the Lufthansa Group: ·to retain an ab initio training system with consistent pre-selection ·to retain the Pilot School in Bremen / Phoenix, Arizona for Lufthansas ab initio training ·to retain 2003 training standards Further development of the training system was necessary Background to Lufthansas ab initio training

5 5 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 >Working group made up of representatives of: >Review Board: ·Postholder Flight Operations Lufthansa German Airlines ·Postholder Crew Training Lufthansa German Airlines ·CEO Lufthansa Flight Training ·Short and Medium-haul Fleet Manager Lufthansa German Airlines ·Vice President Pilot Schools Bremen & Phoenix ·Head of Controlling Operations Lufthansa German Airlines ·Corporate Safety Pilot and Quality Manager Lufthansa German Airlines ·Postholder Training SWISS Project organisation Concept development

6 6 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Targets and critical success factors >Target: ·To develop a new ab initio concept by 2008 >Critical success factors: ·Training quality ·Training costs ·Instructor qualification ·Compliance with basic legal requirements (JAR, German law, European law) Concept development

7 7 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Procedure >Step 1: Training needs analysis Deduce quality requirements >Step 2: Compare the cost of alternatives that provide the same quality Concept development

8 8 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Step 1: Training needs analysis Concept development

9 9 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Step 2: Cost comparison of alternatives Concept development FCL Concept costs syllabus object. costs syllabus object. risks A/C risks LdgTrng costs syllabus object. FCL Concept risk A/C costs FCL concept costs risk concept MPL risk Ldg Trng costs risk capacity risk Ldg Trng

10 10 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 MPL A Jet – the most cost-efficient alternative >Multi-Crew Pilot Licence Training: ·Single-engine flight hours (F33) reduced by about 50% ·Creditable synthetic training time (FSTD) increased by about 50% ·Multi-engine flight hours increased by about 30% ·Simulator hours during Jet Orientation and Type Rating cut by about 25% >Training costs reduced by about 15% per student pilot >PA 42 Cheyenne replaced by a high-performance aircraft MPL A Jet: Training programme

11 11 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 MPL: The legal basis MPL A Jet: Training programme Acc. AMC JAR FCL 1 Amd. 7

12 12 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Training in Bremen, Phoenix and Frankfurt MPL A Jet: Training programme 1.Theoretical Training Bremen > 2.Flight Training Phoenix (Core Phase 1-4) > 3.Flight Training Bremen (Basic Phase 1-3) > 4.Flight Training Frankfurt (Intermediate and Advanced Phase) -approx. 4 months – F33 FSTD and F33 A/C -in total 114:30 flight hours -approx. 3.5 months – CJ1+ FSTD and CJ1+ A/C -in total 75 flight hours -approx. 3 months – B737 / A320 FSTD B737 / A320 A/C -in total 74 flight hours -approx months -total teaching units 1184

13 13 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Theory Syllabus MPL A Jet: Training programme *TU = teaching units Starter Course48TU*Navigation (060)192TU TU Air Law (010)130TU 06284TU Aircraft General Knowledge (020) 312 TUOperational Procedures (070)50TU 021E98TU 021T 106 TU Principles of Flight (080)48TU TU Communications (090)30TU Flight Performance and Planning (030)136TU 03122TU FMS16TU 03262TU 03352TU Human Performance & Limitations (040)88TU Meteorology (050)134TUTotal1184TU

14 14 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Reorganisation of theory 14 JAR-FCL Examination Subjects 5 Training Phases Ground Instruction of LH Student Pilots Operational Procedures VFR Com. IFR Com. Mass & Balance Principles of Flight Performance Human Performance Meteorology Gen. Navigation Radio Navigation Air Law & ATC Aircraft Gen. Knowledge Instrumentation Flight Planning Interdisciplinary Starter Course Interdisciplinary Course FMS >Matrix organisation ·examination subjects, interdisciplinary courses ·phases MPL A Jet: Training programme

15 15 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Core Phase >Training aircraft: ·Beechcraft Bonanza F33 ·Beechcraft Bonanza F33C (upset recovery) >Flight simulation training device: ·Type specific FNPT II (Beechcraft Bonanza F33) >Phases: in total:114:30 hrs ·Core 1: Airwork / pattern up to first solo: 28:55 hrs ·Core 2: Airwork / pattern / cross country up to first solo X/C: 34:45 hrs ·Core 3: Airwork / pattern / cross country / night flying / upset: 28:20 hrs ·Core 4: Basis instruments / IF procedures: 22:30 hrs MPL A Jet: Training programme

16 16 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Basic Phase >Training aircraft: ·Cessna Citation CJ1+ >Equipment: ·Third crew seat (unique feature) ·Collins Pro Line 21 ·Collins FMS 3000 ·Dual VHF 4000e ·TCAS II ·EGPWS Mark V >Phases:in total:75:00 hrs ·Basic 1: Normal / IF procedures STD: 36:00 hrs ·Basic 2: Abnormal procedures / LOFT STD: 24:00 hrs ·Basic 3: Approaches / LOFT Aircraft: 15:00 hrs MPL A Jet: Training programme

17 17 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Basic Phase >Flight simulation training device: ·Type specific FNPT II / MCC and FTD 2 ·(Cessna Citation CJ1+) >Features: ·IOS with two 17 touchscreens ·Collins Pro Line 21 / FMS 3000 ·TCAS II scenarios ·EGPWS scenarios ·Wind shear scenarios ·WX radar ·T/O plot ·10 airports in visual DB / all others generic ·2 cameras for MCC training MPL A Jet: Training programme

18 18 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Intermediate and Advanced Phase Jet Orientation > Type Rating > -32:00 hrs-42:00 hrs MPL A Jet: Training programme

19 19 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Synchronising with Lufthansa Flight Operations >Definition of Lufthansa-specific requirements >Review of all materials in terms of relevance to flight training >Targets ·Updating of content identified as both safety-related and practice-relevant by training captains and flight instructors ·Editing of LFT and LH content, working in close collaboration >Review of all learning targets by A320 and B737 training captains as well as by flight instructors from Bremen and Phoenix, Arizona Synchronising with Lufthansa Flight Operations

20 20 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Reorganisation – Information Technology >The switch to a new training concept was used as an opportunity to reorganise IT: ·Administration was simplified through - online access to performance data at various locations - central data management to verify performance ·A grading system was integrated into the administrative software to enable individual performance tracking Information technology

21 21 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Thank you for your attention! 21 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009

22 22 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 The classic ab initio concept >Single Pilot Concept >Completed flight hours suffice as proof of competency >No / little use of synthetic training devices >Late introduction to CCC/MCC Backup Background to Lufthansas ab initio training

23 23 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 The FUTURA concept >Single pilot concept >Completed flight hours suffice as proof of competence >Use of synthetic training device up to the simulator (PA42) >Use of more complex aircraft (PA42) >Early introduction to CCC/MCC Backup Background to Lufthansas ab initio training

24 24 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Multi-Crew Pilot Licence >Single pilot concept only in the first phase of training >Competence-based training >Synthetic training devices used in all phases of the training >Very early introduction to MCC >Teaching of Threat and Error Management (TEM) >At LH: Use of jets in Basic Phase of training Backup Background to Lufthansas ab initio training

25 25 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 MPL A Jet – the cost-efficient alternative >Multi-Crew Pilot Licence training: ·Single-engine flight hours (F33) reduced by about 50% (158:40 to 82:30) ·Creditable synthetic training time (FSTD) increased by about 50% (154:30 to 222:30) ·Multi-engine flight hours increased by about 30% (10:00 to 15:00) ·Simulator hours during Jet Orientation and Type Rating reduced by about 25% (92:00 to 74:00) >Training costs reduced by about 15% per student >PA 42 Cheyenne replaced by a high-performance aircraft MPL A Jet: Training programme Backup

26 26 © by Lufthansa Flight Training APATS, 8 September 2009 Experience to date >Costs have remained within budget >Results of theory examination on a par with previous results >As yet there has been no need to adjust the concept Conclusion Backup


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