Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp. +62 331 757130, 757132 Fax. +62 331 757131 E-mail.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp. +62 331 757130, 757132 Fax. +62 331 757131 E-mail."— Presentation transcript:

1 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Replanting: The Key for sustainable Supply of Indonesian coffee Ucu Sumirat & Pujiyanto

2 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax A cup of coffee: warming relationships to make a better world Story of a cup of coffee……

3 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax An excellent cup of coffee will only be obtained by hard effort…. Solve the constraints of production:

4 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax World Coffee Production Species contribution Arabica RobustaLiberica Top World Producer (USDA, 2014) (Wintgens, 2004) (USDA, 2014)

5 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax World coffee situation: Production share ArabicaRobusta (USDA, 2014)

6 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax World Coffee Agricultural Practices  Intensive Irigation Irigation High input High input No shade No shade > 4-5 ton/ha/yr Sustainable Agr. pract. Agr. pract. Environt. Environt. Social Social Sertification Sustainability (Brazil & Vietnam) Mechanization Mechanization

7 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Production ton/year Arabica 20 % Robusta 80 % 2Export – ton 3YieldRobusta 946 kg/ha/year Arabica 751 kg/ha/year 4Type  90% Smallholder PROFILE

8 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Indonesian coffee in the world market  Producer of the specialty products Congolese group Gayo, Linthong, Mandailing, Toraja, Kalosi, Java Coffee, Bali-Kintamani, Bajawa-Flores, Java Ijen- Raung, Java Preanger  Excellent cup quality of Robusta

9 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Indonesian Coffee: Current situation (BPS, 2014) Land Ownership Sumatra is occupy 63% of coffee area

10 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Indonesian Coffee: Current situation Arabica main area -Aceh -North Sumatra -West Sumatra Robusta main area -Lampung -South Sumatra -Bengkulu (54,2 % of Arabica area) (52,8 % of Robusta area) (BPS, 2014)

11 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Trend of Robusta Area

12 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Trend of Arabica Area

13 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Indonesian Coffee: Agricultural practices  Cultivated on flat to hilly land  Minimum GAP application Unidentified planting materials Unidentified planting materials Old trees Old trees Min. agric. practices in fertilizing, pruning, etc. Min. agric. practices in fertilizing, pruning, etc. Minimum control for pest & desease, mainly parasitic nematode Minimum control for pest & desease, mainly parasitic nematode Reducing economic lifespan of coffee tree

14 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Economic lifespan of coffee tree  Max. 20 yr. Minimum GAP application Good GAP application.  > 30 yr.

15 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Coffee Tree* Productivity By Age ICCRI, 1991 *Composite Arabica-Robusta

16 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Estimation of age of coffee trees in Indonesia based on area 16% 8,5% 55,5% 12,1% Young trees (<15 yr) Medium to old trees (15-20 yr) Old trees (>20 yr) Immature trees* Mature trees Destruct trees* Less productive trees Estimated from Ditjenbun (2011) and BPS (2014)

17 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Indonesian Coffee: Estimation of growth of coffee productivity Year (%) Actual productivity Trend productivity Forecast productivity BPS (2014) & Ditjenbun (2011)

18 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Challenges  Pests and deseases  Climate Change Leaf Rust (Arabica) Nematode Coffee Berry Borer Prolonged Dry Season Exessive precipitation  Economic Competition with other commodity Oil palm in Sumatera Timber (Albizzia sp) in Java

19 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Doubling Yield to attract farmers back to coffee Agribussiness Strengthening Farmer groups (Empowering farmers) GAP applications Better access to finance and agricultural inputs 2. GAP applications - Rejuvination/Rehabilitation with adapted superior planting materials - Appropriate fertilizations (soil/leaf analysis) - IPM (Integrated Pest Management) 3. Quality improvement 4. Developing traceable coffee 5. Simplification the supply chain(From farmers to end users) OPPORTUNITIES

20 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Replanting: Urgent to ensure sustainable supply Why replanting? To reduce percentage of old and unproductive trees To increase productivity as well as income of farmer To increase cup quality of Indonesian coffee To save the economic lifespan of coffee tree due to Nematode

21 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax Shading trees Supporting programs for succesfull replanting The use of root-stock resistant to Nematode Farmers trainig for GAP (pruning, controlling pest & desease, soil conservation, etc.) Fertilization programs

22 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax BP 308 Rootstock Resistant to Nematode and Drought stress

23 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax HEALTHY FARMS WITH GOOD CROPS

24 ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp , Fax THANK YOU


Download ppt "ICCRI INDONESIAN COFFEE AND COCOA RESEARCH INSTITUTE Jl. PB Sudirman No. 90 Jember 68118, Jawa Timur Tlp. +62 331 757130, 757132 Fax. +62 331 757131 E-mail."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google