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Transporting Hazardous Materials by Rail u Railroads transport over 1.7 million hazardous material shipments in the US each year. u Over 99.96% arrive.

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Presentation on theme: "Transporting Hazardous Materials by Rail u Railroads transport over 1.7 million hazardous material shipments in the US each year. u Over 99.96% arrive."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Transporting Hazardous Materials by Rail u Railroads transport over 1.7 million hazardous material shipments in the US each year. u Over 99.96% arrive without incident.

3 YOU ARE NOT IN IT ALONE! u When emergencies occur, the railroads are there to help you handle the incident... Transporting Hazardous Materials by Rail

4 Objectives Provide knowledge and skills to help you respond to transportation emergencies involving anhydrous ammonia. u Contacting the railroad u Railroad resources u Assessing the incident, using: u Rail shipping papers u Markings u Identifying pressure tank cars for transporting anhydrous ammonia

5 Contacting the Railroad When notified of a rail emergency: u Contact the railroad using the railroads emergency phone number. u Make sure the railroad knows about the emergency. u Stop trains if necessary. BNSF Canadian National Canadian Pacific CSX Transportation Kansas City Southern Norfolk Southern Union Pacific UPRR-COP ( ) CHEMTREC CANUTEC (collect)

6 Contacting the Railroad Crossing Sign Information u Ownership u Emergency telephone number u Crossing ID number u Milepost location

7 Contacting the Railroad Upon arrival, if at railroad crossing: u Contact railroad emergency center immediately. u Give the location of emergency using information printed on signal bungalows or signs at the crossing.

8 Contacting the Railroad Upon arrival, if between rail crossings: u Look for railroad mileposts in all directions. u Give the railroad emergency center your location using the closest rail milepost number in addition to any other location information. u If you have GPS, provide your coordinates to the railroad emergency center.

9 Railroad Resources Railroad Emergency Center u Stay in contact with the emergency center - you are their eyes and ears. u They are staffed 24 hrs/day. u They make reports/calls to CHEMTREC ®, National Response Center and shippers. u They make mandatory notifications to state and federal agencies.

10 HARDIN, MONTANA Railroad Resources Geographic Information System - GIS u Railroad emergency centers may have detailed GIS u Maps include data on pipelines, infrastructure, soil types, streams, waterways, environmentally sensitive areas, schools, hospitals, etc. u Railroads share this information about handling the incident.

11 Railroad Resources Plume Modeling u Railroad contractors can provide air dispersion modeling capabilities which are made available to you by fax or .

12 Railroad Resources On-scene railroad personnel u Transportation, mechanical and engineering personnel. u Railroad hazardous materials response personnel, police and environmental personnel. u Re-railing contractors. u Environmental contractors. u These railroad personnel will coordinate with the Incident Commander and responders.

13 Assessing the Emergency Size-up carefully - know what you are dealing with. u Seek out railroad personnel; ask them about the situation. u Get shipping papers from the railroad personnel. u Using binoculars from a safe location, look for visible leaks - vapors or liquids. u Pay attention to the weather conditions and find out how they may change during the emergency.

14 Shipping Papers Get the shipping papers u Find the train crew - the conductor is responsible for the shipping papers and has the most complete copy on-scene. u Ask the crew to share the shipping papers with you and help interpret the information provided. u If the train crew is not available, contact the railroad and ask them to fax or a copy of the shipping papers or read the information over the phone or radio.

15 Shipping Papers Shipping papers are the primary safety instrument at a rail emergency. Shipping papers provide: u Location of each HM shipment in a train u Description of contents of each HM shipment u Emergency response information for each HM 11 UTLX LT19 NFGAS HO754 ICG PUEB AMOS IN ZAP COOL 60-MPH 126-TONS 51-FT 1-P 1.00-BRK 1585-ATONS 1068-AFT RAIL SECURITY SENSITIVE MATERIAL FLAT YARD - DO NOT KICK 1/TC, LB ************************* UN1005 * DANGEROUS * AMMONIA, ANHYDROUS ************************* 2.2 EMERGENCY CONTACT: RQ (AMMONIA) INHALATION HAZARD TN=(ANHYDROUS AMMONIA) SHIPPER CONTACT CHEMTREC HAZMAT STCC = PROX LT32 APOISN OW WULA HEDGES WA AGRIUM GAM 60-MPH 128-TONS 68-FT 1-P 1.00-BRK 648-ATONS 305-AFT RAIL SECURITY SENSITIVE MATERIAL FLAT YARD - DO NOT KICK 1/TC, 72590/KG ************************* UN1005 * DANGEROUS * ANHYDROUS AMMONIA ************************* 2.3 (8 ) EMERGENCY CONTACT: RQ (AMMONIA) POISON-INHALATION HAZARD ZONE D ERP AGRIUM PARTNERSHIP 16KM E OF GIBBONS AB ON H REDWATER OPERATIONS BEAMER AB T0A2W SHIPPER CONTACT AGRIUM HAZMAT STCC =

16 Shipping Papers Key information for each hazardous material on the train: u Line number u Emergency contact number u Reporting marks (initials) and number u Shipping description entries 19 UTLX LT19 NFGAS HO754 ICG PUEB AMOS IN ZAP COOL 60-MPH 126-TONS 51-FT 1-P 1.00-BRK 1585-ATONS 1068-AFT RAIL SECURITY SENSITIVE MATERIAL FLAT YARD - DO NOT KICK 1/TC, LB ************************* UN1005 * DANGEROUS * AMMONIA, ANHYDROUS ************************* 2.2 EMERGENCY CONTACT: RQ (AMMONIA) INHALATION HAZARD TN=(ANHYDROUS AMMONIA) SHIPPER CONTACT CHEMTREC HAZMAT STCC =

17 Shipping Papers Train List - Cars Listed from Rear of Train

18 Shipping Papers Shipping description entries - United States 1/TC, /LB ************************* UN1005 * DANGEROUS * AMMONIA, ANHYDROUS ************************* 2.2 EMERGENCY CONTACT: RQ (AMMONIA) INHALATION HAZARD TN=(ANHYDROUS AMMONIA) SHIPPER CONTACT CHEMTREC HAZMAT STCC =

19 Shipping Papers Shipping description entries - Canada 1/TC, 72590/KG ************************* UN1005 * DANGEROUS * ANHYDROUS AMMONIA ************************* 2.3 (8 ) EMERGENCY CONTACT: RQ (AMMONIA) POISON-INHALATION HAZARD ZONE D ERP AGRIUM PARTNERSHIP 16KM E OF GIBBONS AB ON H REDWATER OPERATIONS BEAMER AB T0A2W SHIPPER CONTACT AGRIUM HAZMAT STCC =

20 Shipping Papers Shipping description entries - residue/empty shipments of anhydrous ammonia 1/TC ************************* UN1005 * DANGEROUS * RESIDUE: LAST CONTAINED ************************* AMMONIA, ANHYDROUS EMERGENCY CONTACT: RQ (AMMONIA) INHALATION HAZARD TN=(ANHYDROUS AMMONIA) SHIPPER CONTACT CHEMTREC HAZMAT STCC =

21 Shipping Papers Emergency Response Information COMMODITY NUMBER IS AMMONIA, ANHYDROUS AMMONIA SOLUTIONS DIVISION 2.2 (NONFLAMMABLE GAS) UN1005 ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE (RQ-100/45.4) ANHYDROUS AMMONIA IS A CLEAR COLORLESS GAS WITH A CHARACTERISTIC ODOR. IT WILL BURN UNDER EXTREME FIRE CONDITIONS IN CONFINED AREAS. IT IS SHIPPED AS A LIQUID UNDER PRESSURE. IT IS SOLUBLE IN WATER FORMING A CORROSIVE LIQUID. ALTHOUGH AMMONIA VAPORS ARE LIGHTER THAN AIR, THE VAPORS FROM A LEAK INITIALLY HUG THE GROUND. IT WEIGHS 6 LBS./GAL. LONG TERM EXPOSURE TO LOW CONCENTRATIONS OR SHORT TERM EXPOSURE TO HIGH CONCENTRATIONS CAN RESULT IN ADVERSE HEALTH EFFECTS FROM INHALATION. UNDER PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO FIRE OR INTENSE HEAT THE CONTAINERS MAY RUPTURE VIOLENTLY AND ROCKET. IT IS USED AS A FERTILIZER, AS A REFRIGERANT, AND IN THE MANUFACTURE OF OTHER CHEMICALS. IF MATERIAL ON FIRE OR INVOLVED IN FIRE SOLID STREAMS OF WATER MAY BE INEFFECTIVE EXTINGUISH FIRE USING AGENT SUITABLE FOR TYPE OF SURROUNDING FIRE (MATERIAL ITSELF DOES NOT BURN OR BURNS WITH DIFFICULTY.) COOL ALL AFFECTED CONTAINERS WITH FLOODING QUANTITIES OF WATER APPLY WATER FROM AS FAR A DISTANCE AS POSSIBLE

22 Placards Shipments within the United States U.S. Nonflammable Gas placard 1/TC, /LB ************************* UN1005 * DANGEROUS * AMMONIA, ANHYDROUS ************************* 2.2 EMERGENCY CONTACT: RQ (AMMONIA) INHALATION HAZARD TN=(ANHYDROUS AMMONIA) SHIPPER CONTACT CHEMTREC HAZMAT STCC =

23 Placards Canadian shipments - in Canada or to/from the United States 1/TC, 72590/KG ************************* UN1005 * DANGEROUS * ANHYDROUS AMMONIA ************************* 2.3 (8 ) EMERGENCY CONTACT: RQ (AMMONIA) POISON-INHALATION HAZARD ZONE D ERP AGRIUM PARTNERSHIP 16KM E OF GIBBONS AB ON H REDWATER OPERATIONS BEAMER AB T0A2W SHIPPER CONTACT AGRIUM HAZMAT STCC = Canadian placard for Anhydrous Ammonia

24 Tank Cars for Anhydrous Ammonia u Pressure tank car – typically DOT/TC Class 105s and 112s (specifications 105S340W, 105J300 W, and 112J340W) u Steel tank (minimum 11 / 16 thick) u Top mounted fittings within a protective housing

25 Tank Cars for Anhydrous Ammonia Tank Car Safety Systems u Top and Bottom Shelf couplers - aka Double-shelf couplers (coupler vertical restraint systems).

26 Tank Cars for Anhydrous Ammonia Tank Car Safety Systems u Top and Bottom Shelf couplers - aka Double-shelf couplers (coupler vertical restraint systems). u Head shields (tank head puncture- resistance systems).

27 Tank Cars for Anhydrous Ammonia Tank Car Safety Systems u Top and Bottom Shelf couplers - aka Double-shelf couplers (coupler vertical restraint systems). u Head shields (tank head puncture- resistance systems). u Thermal protection (thermal protection systems - fire).

28 Tank Cars for Anhydrous Ammonia Thermal Protection Performance u Will not lose any lading due to effects of heat (except through the pressure relief device) for: minutes in pool fire - 30 minutes in torch fire

29 Tank Cars for Anhydrous Ammonia Tank Car Service Equipment (valves and fittings) u Liquid eduction lines (2) u Vapor eduction line (1) u Pressure relief valve (spring loaded)(1) u Gauging device (closed type)(1) u Sample line (1) u Thermometer well (1) Ball type Plug type angle valve

30 Tank Cars for Anhydrous Ammonia Tank Car Markings u Placards and markings u Specification mark u Test date qualification u Commodity name u Inhalation hazard mark

31 Damage Assessment Utilize railroad responders to determine damage; they are trained to assess damage to tank cars and other rail equipment.

32 Jacket damage - not leaking. Damage Assessment

33 Remember, you are NOT out there alone. Railroad response personnel are on their way to help. Questions u Contacting the railroad u Railroad resources u Assessing the incident, using: u Rail shipping papers u Markings u Tank cars for transporting anhydrous ammonia

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