Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Factors Affecting Student Attrition and Success in Distance Education (Case of Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia) Research Team Except where otherwise noted,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Factors Affecting Student Attrition and Success in Distance Education (Case of Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia) Research Team Except where otherwise noted,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Factors Affecting Student Attrition and Success in Distance Education (Case of Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia) Research Team Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under

2 Student Attrition in DE Why is student attrition important? Who and Why? How to address those issues?

3 Why student attrition is important!

4 Increased Completion Rate ODL is a new education system to open up HE access Multiple causes of student attrition (Simpson, 2002) Equity principles to guarantee equal opportunity Indonesia’s HE quality standard

5 Miltiadou, M. & Savenye, W.C (2003), Tri Darmayanti and Belawati (2002) (Tinto (1977); Belawati (1995); Kember (1995); Kristanti and Islam (2003)) (Keller (1987); Visser (1998); Sedyaningsih at all (2003)

6 Study ProgramAttrition Rate2006(1)2009(2) Management (S2) Public Administration (S2) Food Technology Mathematics Biology Statistics Agribusiness Management Accountancy Business Administration Public Administration Government Studies Sociology Communication Mathematics Education Physic Education Taxation Library science Basic Education

7 Who did withdraw from the program ?

8 Semester and GPA

9 Gender and Age

10 Educational Background

11 Parent Educational Background 1= High School; 2= Diploma; 3= Bachelor; 4= Post Graduate

12

13 Type of Employment

14 Why did they withdraw from the program?

15

16 INDIVIDUAL Busy with the own work (24) financial mater (18) No internet access (14) Isolated domicile (8) The program is unfitted with the demand (6) lack of motivation (6) The program is out of student expectation (5) Frequent changes of domicile (3) exhausted (3) Illness (1) INSTITUTION Lack of sufficient information about the course (27) Limited student advisory and counseling (face to face) (26) Limited information about student registration (25) Limited information about the program (22) Course is difficult to be understood (17) Regional office is unreachable(15) Limited student advisory and counseling (online) (15) Limited course feedback (14) Examination and Tutorial locations are difficult to be reached (11) SOCIO-CULTURAL Being isolated (27) Unfamiliar with self directed learning (16) Lack of family support (2) Lack of social support (2) no longer required degree/certificate (1)

17 VOLUNTARY Being isolated (27) Lack of sufficient information about the course (27) Limited student advisory and counseling (face to face) (26) Limited information about student registration (25) Limited information about the program (22) Course is difficult to be understood (17) Unfamiliar with self directed learning Limited student advisory and counseling (online) (15) Limited feedback (14) The program is unfitted with the demand (6) lack of motivation (6) The program is out of student expectation (5) exhausted (3) INVOLUNTARY Financial mater (18) No internet access (14) Isolated domicile (8) Frequent changes of domicile (3) Regional office is unreachable (15) Examination location is difficult to be reached (11) Tutorial location is difficult to be reached (6%) UNAVOIDABLE Busy with the own work (24) Illness (1) no longer required degree/certificate (1)

18 ReasonsIndividualInstitutionSocio Cultural Voluntary  The program is unfitted with the demand (6)  lack of motivation (6)  The program is out of student expectation (5)  Limited knowledge about the program (2)  Lack of sufficient information about the course (27)  Limited student advisory and counseling (face to face) (26)  Limited information about student registration (25)  Limited information about the program (22)  Course is difficult to be understood (17)  Limited student advisory and counseling (online) (15)  Limited feedback (14)  Being isolated (27)  Unfamiliar with self directed learning (16) Involuntary  Financial mater (18)  No internet access (14)  Isolated domicile (8)  Frequent changes of domicile (3)  Regional office is unreachable(15)  Examination and Tutorial locations are difficult to be reached (11)  Lack of family support (2)  Lack of social support (2) Unavoidable  Busy with the own work (24)  exhausted (3)  Illness (1)  Program ceased  No longer required degree/certificate (1)

19 MAIN ISSUES Reason IndividualInstitutionSocio-Cultural Voluntary Motivation Communication Adaptation Involuntary CommunicationAdaptation Motivation Unavoidable AdaptationCommunicationMotivation

20 STUDENT – INSTITUTION EXPECTATION GAP

21 RATIONAL CHOICE MODEL PUSH Factors Individual  Motivation  Latar Belakang  Integration/ Adaptation  Kesulitan belajar Institution factor  Communication  Academic Supports  Learning Supports  Value added of the program Socio-Cultural  awareness  family supports  social supports PULL Factors Drop Out Decision Line

22 RETENTIONERING Pre Admission During Admission Post Admission Re- Admission

23 Sources: Ormond Simpson (2003) Student retention in online, open and distance learning. Effectiveness

24 Belawati, T(2003) Increasing Persistence in Indonesia Post-Secondary Distance Education, University of British Columbia: Unpublished Dissertation. Damayanti, T and T. Belawati (2002) Kemauan Belajar (Learning Volition) Mahasiswa Pendidikan Jarak Jauh, Universitas Terbuka. Keller, j m (1987b) Strategies for Stimulating the Motivation to Learn, Performance and Instruction Journal, 26 (8), Miltiadou, M. & Savenye, W.C. (2003). Applying Social Cognitive Constructs of Motivation to Enhance Student Success in Online Distance Education. AACE Journal, 11(1) Puspitasari, K and Samsul, I (2003) Kesiapan Belajar Mandiri Mahasiswa dan calon potensial mahasiwa pada PTJJ di Indonesia. Universitas Terbuka Sediyaningsih, S. et all (2003) Konsep diri dan interaksi sosial studi mengenai komunikasi interpersonal dalam I nteraksi sosial jaak jauh terhadap pembentukan konsep diri mahasiswa Universitas Terbuka. Universitas Terbuka Simpson O. (2003) Student Retention in Online, Open and Distence Learning. London: Kogan Page Ltd. Scott L. Howell, (2003) Thirty-two Trends Affecting Distance Education: An Informed Foundation for Strategic Planning, Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, Volume VI(3), Tinto,v (1975) dropout from higher education: a synthesis of recent research, Review of Educational Research, 45 (1), Visser L. (1998) The Development of motivational Communication in Distance Education Support, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands References


Download ppt "Factors Affecting Student Attrition and Success in Distance Education (Case of Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia) Research Team Except where otherwise noted,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google