Application Software A program that allows you to create documents, listen to music, or play games on the computer Software de Aplicación Programa que permite elaborar documentos, escuchar música o divertirse con juegos en la computadora
Personal information manager (PIM) program A program responsible for storing phone numbers and addresses and creating schedules Programa administrador de información personal Programa que se encarga de guardar números telefónicos y direcciones, y de elaborar programas de actividades
Integrated software A program that combines the basic features of several applications into one package Software integrado Programa que combina los elementos básicos de varias aplicaciones en un solo paquete
Office suite A program that combines several programs and all of their features Suite de oficina Programa que combina varios programas y todos sus recursos
System Requirement The minimum equipment a computer needs to run an application Requisitos de Sistema Equipo mínimo que una computadora necesita para ejecutar una aplicación
Commercial Software Copyrighted software that must be purchased before it can be used Software Comercial Software con derechos de autor protegidos, que se debe comprar para poder usarlo
Shareware A copyrighted software that can be sampled before it is purchased Shareware Software con protección de derechos de autor que se puede probar antes de comprarlo
Freeware Copyrighted software given away for free Freeware Software protegido por derechos de autor que se distribuye de forma gratuita
Public Domain Software A program distributed for free without a copyright Software de Dominio Público Programa que se distribuye de forma gratuita, sin derechos de autor
Install To prepare to run application software by copying all or part of the program onto the computer’s hard drive Instalar Preparar la ejecución de un software de aplicación copiando un programa, o parte de él, en el disco duro de la computadora
Uninstall To remove a program from a computer Desinstalar Quitar un programa de una computadora
Software License The document that contains permission for a buyer to install and use a program Licencia de Software Documento que contiene la autorización para que un comprador instale y use un programa
Launch To start an application program Activar Poner en marcha un programa de aplicación 3 2 1
Launch To start an application program Activar Poner en marcha un programa de aplicación
Maximize To make an application window as large as possible Maximizar Aumentar al máximo la ventana de una aplicación
Minimize To make an application window as small as possible. Minimizar Reducir al máximo la ventana de una aplicación
Title bar The top row of an application window where the program name (and often the name of the document) is shown Barra de título Fila superior de una ventana de aplicación, donde se muestra el nombre del programa y, en muchos casos, el nombre del documento
Menu bar The bar generally located below an application’s title bar where a set of commands is listed Barra de menús Barra, por lo general situada debajo de la barra de título de una aplicación, donde se presenta una lista de comandos
Help menu A set of directions for program functions Menú de Ayuda Conjunto de instrucciones sobre las funciones de un programa
Scroll To move from one part of a document to another on the screen Desplazarse Pasar de una parte de un documento a otra en la pantalla
Application software performs a specific job or task. For example, some applications help astronomers research stars. Others help doctors care for their patients. It is important to choose applications that can do the jobs you want done. The most common types of application software include: word processors for writing letters and reports spreadsheets for working with numbers and doing math databases for storing and finding information presentation graphics for creating slide shows telecommunications for using the Internet and e-mail personal information manager (PIM) programs for storing phone numbers and addresses and creating schedules
Application software falls into three basic categories: stand-alone programs, integrated software, and office suites. These forms differ in their features (the tasks they do) and in cost. Wise computer users choose the type of software that best fits their needs, Stand- alone Programs Software that specializes in one task is called a stand-alone program. Because each program—such as a word processor, database, or spreadsheet—is dedicated to just one application, stand-alone programs can have many useful and advanced features. However, stand-alone programs may cost more than other forms of application software. Because they focus on one kind of job, stand-alone programs usually have many very specialized features. Word processors, for example, give users tools to print labels and envelopes. Integrated Software Buying multiple stand-alone programs might require too much memory in your computer or may cost too much. You might want to do more with the software than a stand-alone program is capable of handling. Integrated software programs combine the basic features of several applications into one package. They are not as powerful or as complete as their stand-alone counterparts, nor do they specialize in one application. However, integrated software usually is less costly and is fairly easy to use. These programs let you do basic work in several applications such as word processors, databases, spreadsheets, graphics, and more.
People use integrated software programs because the applications work in similar ways. That is, you often can use many of the same commands. You also can use data from one program in another. Popular integrated programs include AppleWorks ® and Microsoft Works. Office Suites What if you need to use the advanced features of several stand-alone programs? You might select an office suite. Although one suite may differ from another, in general office suites combine several programs such as word processing, spreadsheets, databases, and graphics. Like integrated software, the programs in office suites have a common look and feel. But office suites contain more than the basic software found in integrated programs. They contain the actual stand-alone programs with all their features. Office suites generally cost more than integrated software, but usually they are cheaper than buying the stand-alone programs separately. Some popular office suites include: Microsoft Office (with Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook, and Access in the Windows version) Corel WordPerfect Office (with WordPerfect, Quattro Pro, Paradox, Corel Presentations, and Corel CENTRAL) Lotus SmartSuite (with WordPro, Lotus 1-2-3, Approach, Freelance Graphics, and Organizer) eir computers, and their budgets.
The type of application software you choose depends on what you want it to do, how much you are willing to spend, and how easy the programs are to learn. It also depends on whether the software will work on your computer and how much space each program will take up on your hard drive. You might want to match the software you use at home with the programs you use at school so you can easily work on documents in both locations. Most computers are sold with some application software installed. But a computer may not have the software you need. Your software needs may also change over time. Then you can consider upgrading your existing software or buying new programs to make your computer a more useful tool.
Each software program has minimum system requirements. The computer must meet the minimum hardware and software needs of the program for it to work properly. To get the most from your computer, it is important to choose software that will work with the following: your type of computer (Macintosh or PC compatible) microprocessor speed operating system (such as Linux, Mac OS X, or Windows XP) available amount of memory (RAM) available hard drive space special equipment, such as a modem or CD-ROM drive
Some application software is already loaded on new computers. You can also obtain additional software in multiple forms. Commercial Software Companies own the copyrights to the application software they sell to the public. This prevents you from legally copying it to sell it to others, giving it away, or sharing it. Commercial software is copyrighted software that you must buy before using it. Shareware Copyrighted software that you can use on a try-before-you-buy basis is called shareware. If you decide to keep using it after that, you must pay a registration fee to the company. You are also allowed to copy shareware and give it to your friends. They, then, must follow the same process to acquire the software. Freeware Some companies give away their copyrighted software for free. This is known as freeware. The companies allow users to install the program as long as they do not resell it to other people. Public Domain Software On occasion, program authors allow you to use programs, share them, give them away, or even alter them to meet certain needs. This is called public domain software. Beware, the quality of these programs can vary widely, and they may contain more errors than other types of software. Installing and Uninstalling Programs Application software must be installed, or prepared to run on a computer, before it can be used. You must copy it from a location such as a disk, a CD, or the Internet to the computer’s hard drive. Most programs come with an installation, or setup, program that prompts you to load the software onto the computer. Companies that make commercial software often provide printed or online guides, or telephone support, to help solve users’ problems. To delete a program from the computer, you must run a special removal program to properly remove, or uninstall, it. Otherwise, parts of the program can remain on the computer and may interfere with its operation.
Buying copyrighted software usually permits the buyer to install and use that software on only one computer. This permission is contained in a document known as the software license. Users agree to the terms of the license, usually during the installation process. Software Piracy People who copy copyrighted software to install on other computers, give away, or sell are guilty of copyright violation and stealing, called software piracy. Violating a copyright and pirating software are both morally wrong and illegal. These activities discourage the authors of good software from writing new and better programs because they may not get paid for their work. Pirated software cannot be registered, so users do not get the support services they may need.
Most application software runs in your computer’s operating system. Two popular operating systems are Mac OS for the Apple Macintosh or Microsoft Windows for IBM-compatible computers. Your operating system and application software often have similar commands for starting and ending a program and for conducting basic tasks. This makes learning a new program fairly easy. Starting a Program When a computer is turned on, it typically starts its operating system. You can then launch, or start, any application installed on the computer. You can launch an application in two ways: menu desktop icon Menu In Windows, clicking the Start button displays a list of programs installed on the computer. Desktop Icon Desktop icons are on-screen symbols that stand for a computer function or program. Because they are shortcuts to programs, it is helpful to customize your PC or Macintosh desktop to include icons for the programs you use most often.
A launched application appears in a frame called a window. You can work in any size window, but it is usually best to maximize the window, or make it as large as it can be. Sometimes you will want to use another program without closing the first one. You can minimize a program window, or make it as small as possible, so it remains out of the way while you use the other program. The largest portion of an application window is the space for your work. The rest of the window contains many features. Title Bar The top row of an application window is called the title bar. The title bar shows the program’s name and, in some cases, the name of the document you are working on. Menu Bar A menu bar lists sets of commands. In Windows, the menu bar usually is located below the title bar. On a Macintosh, it appears at the top of the screen. You can click a menu’s name to see its options. For example, clicking Help on the menu bar allows you to access options in the Help menu. This menu is a set of
Application software lets you create new documents, save them for future use, or work on documents you have saved. You can close the application when you are done working. Most applications have a File menu, which includes these commands: New—creates a file into which you can enter data Open—finds a document that was previously saved as a disk file and displays it in a window Save—saves the document in the current window to a disk file Close—closes an open file Exit or Quit—closes the application and removes its window from the screen
Some tools allow you to scroll, or move from one part of a window to another. The scroll bars usually appear at the right side of the window and at the bottom. Boxes appear in these bars to show whether you are at the beginning or end of the file or somewhere in the middle. You can move from one place to another by either dragging these scroll boxes or clicking the scroll arrows at each end of the scroll bars.
1. This type of software is used for creating slide shows. C. presentation graphics 4. To work with a software program, your computer must meet the program’s _____. 2. This type of application software specializes in one task 3. This type of software combines several complete programs—such as a word processor, a spreadsheet, a database, and others—into one package. B. stand-alone program A. office suite A. system requirements
5. This is copyrighted software that you can use on a try- before-you-buy basis. A. shareware 6. You can freely use, give away, or even alter this type of software. D. public domain software 7. Before you can use commercial software, you usually must agree to the terms contained in this document. A. license 8. In Windows, if you click the Start button, you can see a list of these. B. programs
B. title bar 10.Which command finds a document that was previously saved and displays it? 9. The top row of an application window is called the _____. B. Open 11. Any software program can run on any computer, regardless of the computer’s type, components, or operating system. B. False Companies own the copyrights to the software programs they sell to the public. A. True
12. Companies own the copyrights to the software programs they sell to the public. A. True 13. Freeware is so called because it is given away for free and never sold. A. True 14. Because no one owns the copyrights to them, public domain software is the highest quality software available. B. False 15. When you install a program, you copy it from a disk, a CD, or the Internet to your computer’s hard drive. A. True
16. Software piracy is legal, because it encourages more people to share and use software products. B. False 17. Desktop icons can act as shortcuts to the programs installed on your computer. A. True 19. A program’s menu bar is located at the bottom of the application’s window. 18. An application’s title bar contains a list of commands that are available in the program. B. False
20. One way to move from one part of an application window to another is by scrolling. A. True
1. Personal information Manager 2. Integrated software 3. Office suite C. Software that stores phone #’s and to create schedules f. To delete a program from the computer D. Software that combines several different applications
4. Shareware 5. Freeware 6.Public Domain Software 7. Uninstall J. copyrighted software that is given away without cost. B. uncopyrighted that is given away without any cost. Software that you can try before purchasing. G. Software that combines several softwares.
8. Maximize 9. Minimize 10. Scroll I. To make a window as large as possible. E. To make a window as small as possible. H. Move from one place in the window to another.
1. Which of the following items is now an example of application software? Operating System 2. Which of the following types of application software combines the basic features of several applications? Integrated software 3.Which of the following type of software must be purchased in advance? Commercial software
4.Which of the following type of software is available on a “try it before you buy” basis? Share ware 5. Which of the features allows the user to launch an application? Desktop Icon 6. Which of the following tools allows the user to move from on part of the window to another? Scroller
1.Why should you check a program system requirements before purchasing it? To see if it would work or there is any spam. 2.Why is it important to uninstall a program no longer used? So you will no longer get software commercial. 3.What is the difference between the new and open commands in the following? New isn’t all black and has no files and open you can get your saved files. 4.Why does an application window include tools such as scroll bars, scroll boxes and scroll arrows? To see more of your windows.
What is the Menu Bar? a) The bar located below an application’s title bar. b) The action to move from one part of a document to another on the screen. Answer: A A Answer: B: B