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Cells, Cellular Respiration, and Photosynthesis. AP Biology Review – Cells, CR, and Photo Enzymes and Transport Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis CellsRandom.

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Presentation on theme: "Cells, Cellular Respiration, and Photosynthesis. AP Biology Review – Cells, CR, and Photo Enzymes and Transport Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis CellsRandom."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cells, Cellular Respiration, and Photosynthesis

2 AP Biology Review – Cells, CR, and Photo Enzymes and Transport Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis CellsRandom Trivia

3 E1 E2 E3 W > X > Y > Z In the series of enzyme reactions shown above, product Z is able to occupy the active site of enzyme E2. Product Z can therefore first inhibit the production of WE1XE2Y 1,100

4 Which of the following is an example of active transport across a membrane? The movement of water from a nephron into the collecting duct of the kidney The movement of glucose by facilitated diffusion into a liver cell The movement of water from the inside of a cell into a surrounding hypertonic medium The movement of Na+ into a neuron as a nerve impulse is generated The movement of H+ into a thylakoid disc during photosynthesis 1,200

5 Within the cell, many chemical reactions that, by themselves, require energy input (have a positive free-energy change) can occur because the reactions may be coupled to the hydrolysis of ATPtake place very slowly take place when the cells are at unusually high temperatures are catalyzed by enzymes are aided by various metal ions that act as catalysts 1,300

6 If plant cells are immersed in distilled water, the resulting movement of water into the cells is called conductionactive transporttranspirationosmosisfacilitated diffusion 1,400

7 The membranes of an animal cell would be impermeable to all of the following EXCEPT I.A large and primarily polar protein II.A small lipid based molecule III.starch I onlyII onlyIII onlyI and II onlyI and III only 1,500,P

8 Oxygen consumption can be used as a measure of metabolic rate because oxygen is necessary for ATP synthesis by oxidative phosphorylation necessary to replenish glycogen levels.necessary for fermentation to take placerequired by all living organisms required to break down the ethanol that is produced in muscles 2,100

9 Which of the following directly produces the most ATP per mole of glucose during aerobic cellular respiration? GlycolysisElectron transport chain and chemiosmosisSubstrate-level phosphorylationKrebs CycleAlcoholic fermentation 2,200

10 Which of the following statements about mitochondrial chemiosmosis is NOT true? A proton gradient is established across the inner membrane of the mitochondrion. The potential energy released from the mitochondrial proton gradient is used to produce ATP. The mitochondrial proton gradient provides energy for muscle contraction. Proteins embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane play an important role in ATP synthesis. Heat energy is required to establish the electron transport chain. 2,300

11 During respiration, most ATP is formed as a direct result of the net movement of potassium against a concentration gradientprotons down a concentration gradientelectrons against a concentration gradientelectrons through a channelsodium ions into the cell 2,400

12 1.Process in which CO2 is released from organic molecules 2.Process found in both photosynthesis and cellular respiration 3.Process in which sugar is oxidized to pyruvic acid 1. ETC2. Krebs Cycle3. Glycolysis 1. Glycolysis2. Calvin Cycle3. ETC1. Krebs Cycle2. ETC3. Glycolysis1. Calvin Cycle2. ETC3. Glycolysis1. ETC2. Glycolysis3. Krebs Cycle 2,500

13 Dichlorophenolindophenol (DPIP) is a blue dye that is decolorized when it is reduced. After being mixed with DPIP, which of the following would show the greatest change in color? Isolated chloroplasts in the lightIsolated chloroplasts in the darkChlorophyll extract in the darkBoiled chloroplasts in the lightBoiled chloroplasts in the dark 3,100

14 The end products of the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis are ADP, H 2 O, NADPH 2 ADP, PGAL, RuBP (RuDP)ATP, CO 2, H 2 OATP, NADPH 2, O 2 CO 2, H +, PGAL 3,200,P

15 In a mesophyll cell of a leaf, the synthesis of ATP occurs in which of the following? I. RibosomesII. Mitochondria III. Chloroplasts I onlyII onlyIII onlyII and III onlyI, II, and III 3,300

16 All of the following could reduce the yield of photosynthetic products EXCEPT lower concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increased photorespiration reduced carbon dioxide concentrations in the air spaces of the leaf increased frequency of stomatal openingsfewer Calvin cycle enzymes 3,400,P

17 1.Process by which O2 is released as a by-product of oxidation- reduction reactions 2.Process by which carbon from CO2 is incorporated into organic molecules 3.Process found in both photosynthesis and cellular respiration 1. Calvin Cycle 2. Light-dependent rxns3. Chemiosmosis1. Chemiosmosis 2. Light-dependent rxns3. Calvin Cycle1. Light-dependent rxns 2. Calvin Cycle3. Chemiosmosis1. Light-dependent rxns2. Chemiosmosis3. Calvin cycle1. Chemiosmosis2. Calvin Cycle3. Light-dep. rxns 3,500

18 One of the most pronounced differences between animal and plant cells is that animal cells alone have one or more large vacuolesanimal cells alone have a nucleolus animal cells alone have their nuclear chromatin attached to spindle fibers during mitosis plant cells alone have rough endoplasmic reticulumplant cells alone have relative thick rigid cell wall. 4,100

19 The organelle that is a major producer of ATP and is found in both heterotrophs and autotrophs is the chloroplastnucleusribosomemitochondrionGolgi apparatus 4,200

20 Which of the following is the primary role of the lysosome? ATP synthesisIntracellular digestionLipid transportCarbohydrate storageProtein synthesis 4,300

21 Which of the following are characteristics of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells? Cytoplasm and a well-defined nucleus surrounded by a membrane Membranous sites of ATP synthesis, Golgi complex, and ribosomes Mitochondria, nucleus, and ribosomesCell wall, several chromosomes, and cytoplasmCell membrane, ribosomes, DNA, and RNA 4,400

22 Which of the following cells would most likely have the greatest concentration of densely packed rough endoplasmic reticulum? An amoeba engulfing small ciliatesA bioluminescent bacterial cell A pancreatic cell engaged in the production of digestive enzymes A functional phloem cell at maturity An epithelial cell whose DNA is replicating before mitosis 4,500

23 How many sisters does Ariel have in The Little Mermaid? ,100,P

24 To what phylum does Spongebobs best friend, Patrick, belong? chordatamolluscaannelidaechinodermataporifera 5,200

25 What type of animal is Timon from The Lion King? MeerkatSquirrelMongooseWeaselRat 5,300

26 What aquatic creature do the dragons fear in How to Train Your Dragon? Sting raysEelsStar fishSea horsesTuna 5,400,P

27 What is Mrs. Griffins cats name? FluffyKittyCloudPreciousNimbus 5,500

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