Big Four Dominate Proceedings Britain > L. George France> Clemenceau Italy> V. Orlando U.S.> W. Wilson: Fourteen Points Germany: [forced] to capitulate to pay reparations to lose colonies to lose territory
Mandate System Britain & France gain control of German and Ottoman territories Set up trusteeship over lost colonies Germans & Arabs oppose mandate system SELF- DETERMINATION: European self- determination [ie.] Poland - Baltic States – Czechoslovakia Trusteeships in S.E. Asia and Middle East
Pitfalls to European Hegemony ECONOMIC PROBLEMS: Reversed economic relationships b/w Europe & the U.S. Inflation loss of investment loss of foreign markets loss of prestige weakened colonial influence POLITICAL PROBLEMS: Spread concept of self-determination U.S.S.R. spread nationalist movements Undermined power over colonies
Enduring Questions Why create a global peacekeeping organization? How can we make it truly effective? How has the Mandate System impacted the Middle East? How can we compare the Bush Iraq Plan to the Mandate System?