1 Rep M.Nakashima Charter Students: 220 Title I: 69% Jobs: 29 State Per Pupil Funding: $1.3 Mil
2 Rep C.TSUJI Charter Students: 685 Title I: 75% Jobs: 124 State Per Pupil Funding: $4.1 Mil
3 Rep R.ONISHI Charter Students: 316 Title I: 59% Jobs: 53 State Per Pupil Funding: $1.9 Mil
4 Rep F.HANOHANO Charter Students: 1194 Title I: 72% Jobs: 155 State Per Pupil Funding: $7.2 Mil
5 Former Rep Coffman Charter Students: 243 Title I: 59% Jobs: 29 State Per Pupil Funding: $1.4 Mil
6 Rep N.LOWEN Charter Students: 223 Title I: 46% Jobs: 38 State Per Pupil Funding: $1.3 Mil
7 Rep C. EVANS Charter Students: 784 Title I: 54% Jobs: 118 State Per Pupil Funding: $4.7 Mil
ISLAND IMPACT Charter Students: 3,445 Title I: 64% Jobs: 546 State Per Pupil Funding: $20.7 Million
CURRENT MAIN ISSUES WITH PUBLIC EDUCATION Equitable School Finance - The time has come for bold action by the states - & federal government – to redesign and reform the funding of our nation’s public schools. Achieving equity & excellence requires sufficient resources that are distributed based on student need… Teachers, Principals and Curricula - All students must have access to high-quality instruction…states must re-examine & align their systems for recruiting, retaining, preparing, licensing, evaluating, developing & compensating effective teachers. (cs can do this) Early Education - Universal access to high-quality early learning must be a matter of the highest national priority, w/a special priority for children in our poorest communities. Mitigating Poverty’s Effects - Communities, tribes, states and the federal government working together must create a policy infrastructure for providing services to underserved children by crafting standards to support at-risk children, encourage family engagement, & provide health care and health education & expanded learning time…. Accountability and Governance - Government at every level should implement a multi- year strategy for advancing national equity & excellence goals using a combination of incentives & enforcement. The federal government must be clearer about our national expectations for student outcomes,insist on realistic but aggressive state plans…, allocate resources to level the playing field…., & require states implement plans well. (The Equity & Excellence Commission – A Report to the Secretary, For Each and Every Child, A Strategy for Education Equity & Excellence)
Why CS’s were created nationally Meant to be small, self-governing yet public institutions – driven by a desire to innovate on behalf of children while furthering the most fundamental values of our public education system. Belief was, creative educators, freed from a myriad of rules and regulations, would try new things that, if successful, would influence the entire system. (Sizer & Wood)
Why Hawaii’s CS movement was created To nurture the ideal of more autonomous and flexible decision-making at the school level, the legislature supports the concept of new century charter schools. The legislature finds that this concept defines a new approach to education that is free of bureaucratic red tape and accommodating of the individual needs of students to allow the State to dramatically improve its educational standards for the twenty-first century….the implementation of alternative frameworks with regard to curriculum; facilities management; instructional approach; length of the school day, week, or year; and personnel management….” (SB 1502 C.D.1, 1999, p. 15).
Hawaii’s CS movement historically AVERAGE DOE PER PUPIL - PAST FOUR YEARS (excluding CIP) $12,181
Where we are now The Governing Boards understanding of Act 130, Session Laws of Hawaii 2012, "Charter contract" means a fixed- term, bilateral, renewable contract between a public charter school and an authorizer that outlines the roles, powers, responsibilities, and performance expectations for each party to the contract. We also understand the Authorizer powers, duties, and liabilities to be negotiating and executing sound charter contracts with each approved public charter school. With this contract template the Board does not feel it has had the opportunity to “negotiate” nor does it feel there is “bilateral” integrity.
The “System” With this decline in fiscal support, the issues of Special Education, Facilities and Federal Funding have also not been addressed. Gradually, for the ease of “the system” charter schools are being shoved back into the mire of red tape and irrelevant expectations that have little to do with its mission and vision threatening to rob charters of their autonomy.
Disparities continue even though issues have been validated ? 2002 Legislative Reference Bureau Study “On The Level? Policy, Law and the Charter School Movement” 2003 New Century Charter Schools Allocation Project FY02-03 2005 Task force on Charter School Governance 2010 Takamine working group Equity Study 2011 Charter School Funding Task Force 2012 Task Force on Charter Governance Accountability and Authority
NEW CENTURY CHARTER SCHOOL ALLOCATION PROJECT – FY02-03, The Auditor – State of Hawaii funds for special education are excluded Auditor must exclude funds for necessary state- level services; programs or projects for specific schools, complexes, or districts; grants in aid; and resources for new facilities Act 262 changes the allocation computation retroactively… does not appropriate additional funds to cover the recalculation for the previous fiscal year… did not address the retroactive allotments
ON THE LEVEL? POLICY, LAW AND THE CHARTER SCHOOL MOVEMENT Legislative Reference Bureau 2002 states: the federal regulations require states to treat charter schools and public schools alike
THE CHARTER SCHOOL EQUITY STUDY OF 2010 STATE OF HAWAII LEGISLATURE & DOE Equity was not achieved with $547 million in Federal & EDN150 funding. Access to services & grant notification inconsistencies were identified. Charters need access to Impact Fees Charters had no mechanism to access $225 million in facilities financing – CIP (other buckets of facilities support, R&M, debt-service, GO bonds, SPRBS where not discussed)
CHARTER SCHOOLS FUNDING TASK FORCE FINAL REPORT TO THE 2011 - STATE OF HAWAII LEGISLATURE The task force noted variation in federal funding, SPED and other non-general fund appropriations Remaining/Unresolved Issues: (1) charter schools access to federal funding; (2) charter schools access to special education services/funding; and, (3) access, as appropriate, by charter schools to other non-general funds (e.g. Developer Impact Fees, Hawaii School-level Minor Repair & Maintenance from State Individual Tax Returns)
THE TASK FORCE ON CHARTER GOVERNANCE ACCOUNTABIILITY AND AUTHORITY 2011 STATE OF HAWAII LEGISLATURE The task force recognizes the enormity of challenges facing Hawaii`s charter schools…
CURRENT PROBLEMS After all our good faith attempts & validation of our issues still… No facilities No food No transportation services Inconsistent IDEA/SPED support No formula driven federal funding Forced English language testing No after-school services Overall inequity and social injustice Unconscionable contract manipulation Inadequate resources Punitive and Retaliatory
Questions Charter Leaders ask 1. Why are charter school students basic needs of housing, food and transportation denied? 2. Why is the current withholding of IDEA/SPED federal funding in lieu of inconsistent State services allowed? 3. Why is formula driven federal funding mandated to follow the child, not the practice in Hawaii. 4. Why do charter school students receive less than 50% of the total operational financial resources traditional school students receive?
Charter Schools as the Pilot for solutions should be focused on: How do we integrate curriculum across disciplines and make it relevant and share professional best practices? How do we help our kids and their families prioritize education & take it more seriously? How can we help our students understand how important their education is to their future? How can we make our children believe that what they are doing in school directly affects their future income and how interesting life will be? Instead we fight for survival!
IN ORDER FOR CHARTER STUDENTS TO THRIVE THEY NEED Basic Necessities Food Shelter Transportation Equitable & Adequate Resources
WHY Ten million students in America’s poorest communities and millions more African American, Latino, Asian American, Pacific Islander, American Indian and Alaska Native students who are not poor—are having their lives unjustly and irredeemably blighted by a system that consigns them to the lowest- performing teachers, the most run-down facilities, and academic expectations and opportunities considerably lower than what we expect of other students. These vestiges of segregation, discrimination and inequality are unfinished business for our nation.” (For Each & Every Child, A Strategy for Education Equity & Excellence – the Equity and Excellence Commission A Report to the Secretary)