Presentation on theme: "Cache Coherence “Can we do a better job of supporting cache coherence?” Ross Daly Chan Kim."— Presentation transcript:
Cache Coherence “Can we do a better job of supporting cache coherence?” Ross Daly Chan Kim
Definition of CC “For any given memory location, at any given moment in time, there is either a single core that may write it (and that may also read it) or some number of cores that may read it.” “Data-Value Invariant: the value of a memory location at the start of an epoch is the same as the value of the memory location at the end of its last read-write epoch” - D. J. Sorin, M. D. Hill, and D. A. Wood. A Primer on Memory Consistency and Cache Coherence, volume 6 of Synthesis Lectures on Computer Architecture. Morgan & Claypool Publishers, May 2011.
Goals Improve performance for cache coherency on multi-core/many-core systems. Scaling the number of cores to increase performance A Scaling the number of cores with out increasing cache coherence complexity.
Xpoint Cache Motivation:
Xpoint: Architecture(2D) Typical bus based ArchitectureXpoint Architecture
Xpoint: Results 29x speedup for 32 core system 45x speedup for 64 core system 2.1 improvement over 64 core conventional bus
Increasing the Effectiveness of Directory Caches by Deactivating Coherence for Private Memory Blocks: Motivation Keeping track of all the blocks in directory entails huge storage requirements. Directory cache requires less storage, but it will suffer from directory cache misses. Most of the accessed blocks (about 75% on avg.) are private.
Increasing the Effectiveness of Directory Caches by Deactivating Coherence for Private Memory Blocks: Private vs. Shared blocks Coarse-grain strategy (page granularity) OS detects when a private page must become shared. Every new page load is private When another processor access private blocks, it becomes shared.
Increasing the Effectiveness of Directory Caches by Deactivating Coherence for Private Memory Blocks
Increasing the Effectiveness of Directory Caches by Deactivating Coherence for Private Memory Blocks: Coherence Recovery Mechanism Flushing-based Recovery Mechanism - Flushing all the blocks within a page may increase the miss rate. Updating-based Recovery Mechanism
Increasing the Effectiveness of Directory Caches by Deactivating Coherence for Private Memory Blocks: Results Directory caches can avoid the tracking of about 57% Shorten the runtime of parallel application by 15% while keeping directory cache size or to maintain system performance while using directory caches 8 times smaller.
Complexity-Effective Multicore Coherence Similarity - Motivation - Private and Shared blocks Difference - Simplifying the protocol - directory-less
Complexity-Effective Multicore Coherence: Directory-less Self-invalidation - Readers are allowed to make unregistered copies of a memory location, as long as they promise to invalidate these at the next synchronization point. - Doe this follow cache coherency? Selective Flushing Write-through at a word granularity with per-word dirty bit
Complexity-Effective Multicore Coherence: Simplifying the protocol: Synchronization Synchronization relies on data race Atomic instructions spin locally in it’s L1 until the condition is changed by another core. In this paper, a core does not send invalidation signal to other cores when executes write inst. Solution?
Complexity-Effective Multicore Coherence: Simplifying the protocol: Results Outperformed MESI directory protocol by 4.8% Reduced network energy consumption by 14.2% Simulated for 15 parallel benchmarks, on 16 cores