Why do some people reject climate science? Why do some people who accept it feel hopeless? How can scientists help people overcome these biases?
Shifting public opinion on climate change: an empirical assessment of factors influencing concern over climate change in the U.S., 2002–2010 Robert J. Brulle, Jason Carmichael, J. Craig Jenkins Climatic Change 03 Feb 2012
Huertas A., Kriegsman R. Science or Spin: Assessing the Accuracy of Cable News Coverage of Climate Science 2013 ucsusa.org/scienceorspin
Hierarchical Egalitarian Archives.gov Risk and Culture: An Essay on the Selection of Technological and Environmental Dangers, Mary Douglas and Aaron Wildavsky 1982 Centurion Health Corporation Communitarian High Country Press Risk and Culture: An Essay on the Selection of Technological and Environmental Dangers, Mary Douglas and Aaron Wildavsky 1982 Individualist
Kahan, Dan M., Jenkins-Smith, Hank and Braman, Donald, Cultural Cognition of Scientific Consensus (February 7, 2010). Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 14, pp. 147-74, 2011 Perceptions of Scientific Agreement on Climate Change Experts agree Experts disagree or are divided
Scientists need to stay true to the science AND They have to respect the fact that people have different values and political ideologies
“As scientists, we’re the map makers. As policymakers, you’re the navigators…” -- marine science and chemistry professor David Hastings (Eckerd College in Florida)
“Climate change threats to our coasts” OR “Coastal hazards: erosion, storms, development and rising seas” How is your talk being promoted?
Sequencing – When to bring up climate? Climate change is a hazard on our coasts We’ve tracked 10 inches of sea-level rise historically We have a best estimate of 1.3 feet of sea- level rise by 2050 This is happening alongside coastal threats from erosion, development, storms
We’re already dealing with coastal threats from erosion, development, storms We’ve tracked 10 inches of sea-level rise historically We best estimate of 1.3 feet of sea-level rise by 2050 So climate change is an additional hazard on our coasts that we can prepare for Sequencing – When to bring up climate?
“The impacts of climate change may increase the frequency, scale, and complexity of future missions…” – Department of Defense Quadrennial Defense Review Military Voices “Climate change is a national security challenge…it will affect the type, scope, and location of future Navy missions.” – U.S. Navy Climate Change Roadmap
Businesses “There is growing recognition that addressing the risk of climate change will require significant efforts by both the developed and the developing world.” – Exxon-Mobil “We realize we need to prepare for a future when carbon dioxide emissions must be reduced.” – Duke Energy “Energy and climate represent two of the most important business challenges of this century….” – General Electric
Freedom and Taxes Gage Skidmore/Flickr Green Tea Coalition (image from Green Tea’s facebook profile) Gage Skidmore/Flickr Theleek.com