Presentation on theme: "GENDER AND RACIAL DIVERSITY DOES IT MAKE A DIFFERENCE? Our world is very diverse, and Utah is becoming more diverse. Before you start working with diverse."— Presentation transcript:
GENDER AND RACIAL DIVERSITY DOES IT MAKE A DIFFERENCE? Our world is very diverse, and Utah is becoming more diverse. Before you start working with diverse populations, you should understand that: There are differences. We overgeneralize these differences and create stereotypes. We have a tendency to ignore similarities and stress the differences. We attach relative value to the stereotypes. We then generalize these evaluations to members of the populations and believe the differences are innate.
GENDER AND RACIAL DIVERSITY DOES IT MAKE A DIFFERENCE? An Example There are differences – African American males are more likely to commit crimes. We overgeneralize these differences and create stereotypes – African American males are criminals. We have a tendency to ignore similarities and stress the differences – We ignore the fact that middle class African American males and middle class White American males living in the same area are equally likely to commit crimes. We attach relative value to the stereotypes. It is worse to be a criminal than to conform. We then generalize these evaluations to members of the populations and believe the differences are innate. All African American males are bad because they are criminals. They are criminals, because they are African American.
GENDER AND RACIAL DIVERSITY DOES IT MAKE A DIFFERENCE? Who holds these stereotypes? We do – often unconsciously. Members of the minority groups often internalize stereotypes including the negative stereotypes attached to their own group. Members of majority groups often internalize stereotypes.
GENDER AND RACIAL DIVERSITY DOES IT MAKE A DIFFERENCE? How do we overcome the tendency to stereotype? Be consciously aware of our own biases. The first step is to recognize and acknowledge their existence. Remind ourselves that different can be just that – different – not better or worse. Remind ourselves that humans are ONE race. While each person is different, we are much more alike, than we are unalike. Negate stereotypes whenever we can. For instance, stereotypes are often transmitted through jokes. We need to correct those who are telling these jokes.
OUR GENDER STEREOTYPES ARE SO ENGRAINED THAT WE EVEN “GENDER” INANIMATE OBJECTS. A B Can you categorize these objects as male or female? For instance, which car is male, and which is female? Which house is male and which is female? Which smiley face is male and which is female?
THIS TENDENCY TO GENDER INANIMATE OBJECTS IS PERVASIVE. A B We even categories some animals as male and others as female – although obviously they are both male and female.
WE GENDER MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. AB Our children wear gendered colored clothing Male or female?
ALTHOUGH SOME SPORTS ARE NOW GENDER NEUTRAL, WE OFTEN GENDER SPORTS.. A B
THE PLANTS WE PLANT, THE FOOD WE EAT, AND THE TYPES OF CLOTHES WE WEAR ARE OFTEN CLASSIFIED AS MALE OR FEMALE A B
WE THINK OF DIFFERENT LANGUAGES AS MASCULINE OR FEMININE AB Even some letters are perceived as feminine or masculine.
MOST PEOPLE CAN CLASSIFY THE HATS WE WEAR AND THE APPLIANCES WE USE AS MALE OR FEMALE. AB
A B EVEN THE TOYS WE GIVE OUR CHILDREN ARE GENDERED. Blocks are often seen as male or female
CERTAINLY WE GENDER OCCUPATIONS AB CookRestaurant Owner Building ConstructionInterior Designer SecretaryCEO Child Care ProviderCoach PrincipalKindergarten Teacher NurseDoctor Football Player Figure Skater Staff Faculty Psychology ProfessorEngineering Professor Social Work MajorBusiness Major
GENDER STEREOTYPES – WHICH DO WE VALUE MOST – OR ARE THEY JUST DIFFERENT? Male AreFemales Are StrongWeak StoicEmotional LeadersFollowers RationalIrrational AssertivePassive LoudSoft CompetitiveCooperative
RACIAL STEREOTYPES We also have stereotypes associated with different racial groups. These stereotypes are valued differently relative to each other. The evaluation of the stereotype tends to diffuse over the entire group. The language we use reflects, and reinforce these stereotypes and their relative value.
RACIST STEREOTYPES WORDS ASSOCIATED WITH BLACK ARE DEFINED NEGATIVELY Black and White Words WordDefinition Blacklyangrily Blackendefame Black eyemark of shame Blackballedostracized Black outlookpessimistic Black markdetrimental fact Black sheepone who causes shame Blacklistlist of undesirables BlackmailForce or coerce
RACIST STEREOTYPES WORDS ASSOCIATED WITH WHITE ARE DEFINED POSITIVELY Black and White Words Word Definition White pure Whitenbrighten, clean White Washcover imperfections White HousePresident’s house White House executive branch of the government White Liesmall, innocent lie White wedding dress depicts a virgin bride, innocent
HISTORICALLY, “LOADED” WORDS REFLECTED THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GROUPS AND WERE BIASED TOWARD THE MAJORITY GROUP Columbus discovered America and conquered the savages. Native Americans massacred the soldiers. The soldiers conquered the Indians. Settlers defended their lands.
THE SAME STORIES COULD HAVE BEEN TOLD LIKE THIS: Columbus found America and exploited the Indigenous population. Native Americans conquered the soldiers. The soldiers massacred the Indians. Settlers forcibly took away their lands.
DESCRIPTORS ARE ALSO REVEALING. Squaws – not women Tribes – not nations Savages – not people Beasts – not humans Backward – not different Primitive – not different Buck – not man
WHEN RACIAL GROUPS “SPEAK” ENGLISH IN MOVIES OR BOOKS, THEY ARE OFTEN RIDICULED. Asian Characters say, “Honorable so and so” “Confucius say” “Very solly” “Flied lice” Native Americans Characters say “Boy not hide, Indian take boy” “Heap big” “UGH or HOW”
POLITICALLY CORRECT TERMS There is debate about “politically correct” language. Some say using these terms can inhibit interaction/communication as politically correct terms change and people scramble to know what is politically correct Some say that the terms change as these terms become associated with negative stereotypes. It is important that we resist using terms that divide, devalue and stereotype.
TERMS WE USE Terms we USESuggested Terms Culturally deprivedCulturally dispossessed Economically DisadvantagedEconomically Exploited UnderdevelopedOverexploited Non-whitePeople of Color MinorityThird World DisabledPeople with Disabilities
BOTTOM LINE (S) We can tell a person’s race and gender almost immediately. People are different. We often take these differences and overgeneralize them to a racial or gender group. We stereotype. We value stereotypes differently. These valuations diffuse over all the members of the group. The language we use reflects and reinforces these stereotypes.
BOTTOM LINE(S) When interacting with members of diverse groups, we need to be conscious of the words we use. We need to chose words that do not reinforce stereotypes – but may reflect diversity. We need to remember that different groups will perceive words differently. Bottom Line—Remember words are powerful. Use them carefully.
CONTACT INFORMATION Dr. Carol Albrecht Assessment Specialist USU Ext (979)