Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 Settling the Northern Colonies"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 3 Settling the Northern Colonies AP U.S. History
2The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism Catholic Church/PopeLeo – raising money, sellingIndulgences – payments to reduce/cancel sinMartin Luther – started the Protestant ReformationBelief of Bible? Source of God’s word95 Thesis – 1517 – statements on abuses of church
3John Calvin – conversion experience – intense identifiable personal experience leads to a sanctified lifeKing Henry 8th – church? Made himself head of the church, led to some wanting total reform in churchEdward “Bloody” Mary ElizabethProtestant Catholic Protestant
4The Pilgrims End their Pilgrimage at Plymouth Separatists – went to? Holland Left there b/c? Children too DutchCharter – VA Company of London1620 – New EnglandMayflower Compact – agreement toform a government and submit to thewill of the majorityFirst Winter – 44 of 102 survivedGet help from – Squanto, Samoset. Next winter – betterWilliam Bradford – Governor 30 times
5The Bay Colony Bible Commonwealth Non-separatists – sought to change the church from within“City on a Hill” – agreement to build a holy society that would be a model to everyoneJohn Winthrop – 1st GovernorEconomy based on? Fur trading, fishing, shipbuilding
6Building the Bay Colony Franchise – adult males who belonged to the churchGovernment – male property ownersWho had real power?Religious leaders
7Trouble in the Bible Commonwealth Quakers – persecution withfines, floggings, andbanishmentsAnne Hutchison – sharp in theology, predestination, brought to trial for heresy. Banished, went to RI
8Roger Williams – wanted clean break from church of England Roger Williams – wanted clean break from church of England. Wanted Indians compensated for land. Banished
9The Rhode Island Sewer/New England Spreads Out Offered complete freedom of? Religion!! Even for Jews and Catholics. No oaths, no compulsory attendance, no taxes to support state church.Hartford – CT – river where land was fertileThomas Hooker – Fundamental Orders of Conn. – gave power to many people.New Haven Colony – Puritans wanting a closer church/state relationship. Merged with CTNew Hampshire – separated from MA
10Puritans vs. Indians Little resistance at first – diseases Pequot War – 1637 – English set fire to villages and shot PequotsKing Phillips War – Metacom hit frontier settlements (52 towns),hundreds killed.Metacom capturedand killed.
11Seeds of Colonial Unity and Independence New England Confederation – 4 colonies together for defense from Indians, French, and Dutch.Colonies did not like … - Ma ignored royal ordersCrown – gave CT a sea-to-sea charter, revoked MA’s charter
12Dominion of New England – New England, NY, NJ.Bolster colonial defense.Enforce the EnglishNavigation Laws – restricttrade with other countries
13Edmund Andros – Head of Dominion Edmund Andros – Head of Dominion. Very harsh – supported the Catholic Church, no town meetings, heavy taxesGlorious Revolution – William and Mary (daughter of James II) took the throne. Colonists chased Andros out!
14Salutary Neglect – Navigation Acts were weakly enforced. **** Colonies were more prosperous when left alone****
15Old Netherlands at New Netherlands Henry Hudson – English but sailed for the Dutch – Hudson RiverNew Netherlands – multi-ethnic, rare, money, IroquoisNew Amsterdam – New YorkCity
16Friction with… /Dutch Residues… Dutch allies with IroquoisNew Sweden – Peter StuyvesantCharles II – New York, Proprietary, Royal
17Penn’s Holy Experiment Quakers – Religious Society of FriendsCharacteristics – no taxes to church, no paid clergy, spoke in church when moved, kept hats on, “thee,” “thou,” no oaths, refused military servicePracticed religious tolerance, …rich mix of ethnic groupsExported – grain and other foodstuffs
18Questions1. Compare and contrast the New England and middle colonies in terms of motives for founding, religious and social composition, and political development.2. What efforts were made to strengthen English control over the colonies in the 17th century, and why did they generally fail?