Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Byronic Hero Michael Stultz ENG 366 - Connolly March 24, 2004.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Byronic Hero Michael Stultz ENG 366 - Connolly March 24, 2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Byronic Hero Michael Stultz ENG 366 - Connolly March 24, 2004

2 George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824) Madbadand dangerous to know Madbadand dangerous to know Think not I am what I appear Think not I am what I appear Like all myths, Byron embodied contradictions more than he resolved them. Like all myths, Byron embodied contradictions more than he resolved them. The magnetism of his person- ality offset the cynicism [his poetry] displayed. The magnetism of his person- ality offset the cynicism [his poetry] displayed.

3 Notorious…Condemned…Defiant… Brooding…Melancholic…Voracious… In solitude, where we are least alone. In solitude, where we are least alone. Let us have wine and women, mirth and laughter / Sermons and soda-water the day after.Let us have wine and women, mirth and laughter / Sermons and soda-water the day after. There is something Pagan in me that I cannot shake off. In short, I deny nothing, but doubt everything. There is something Pagan in me that I cannot shake off. In short, I deny nothing, but doubt everything.

4 Myth of Prometheus Prometheus means foresight Prometheus means foresight Father led the revolt against Zeus and the gods Father led the revolt against Zeus and the gods was determined to bring fire, or the spark of life, to Man was determined to bring fire, or the spark of life, to Man wanted Man to have all the benefits and progress that fire would bring. wanted Man to have all the benefits and progress that fire would bring. Zeus ordered Prometheus chained to a mountain rock. Zeus ordered Prometheus chained to a mountain rock. a great Eagle would eat his liver; the liver would grow back every night. a great Eagle would eat his liver; the liver would grow back every night.

5 Modern Prometheus The mind, the spirit, the Promethean spark, the lightning of my being… (from Manfred) The mind, the spirit, the Promethean spark, the lightning of my being… (from Manfred) All that the Thunderer wrung from thee / Was but the menace which flung back / On him the torments of thy rack; All that the Thunderer wrung from thee / Was but the menace which flung back / On him the torments of thy rack; And Man in portions can foresee / His own funereal destiny / His wretchedness and his resistance. And Man in portions can foresee / His own funereal destiny / His wretchedness and his resistance.

6 John Miltons Satanic Hero "Lucifer" means "light bearer." "Lucifer" means "light bearer." Ungrateful for Gods blessings Ungrateful for Gods blessings Unafraid of being put to death or being damned eternally Unafraid of being put to death or being damned eternally His greatest flaw is pride His greatest flaw is pride Cast down from heaven, alienated from the godly Cast down from heaven, alienated from the godly Deteriorates from a mighty fallen angel to a serpent Deteriorates from a mighty fallen angel to a serpent Unable to reconcile his eternal punishment Unable to reconcile his eternal punishment A picture of constant intellectual activity A picture of constant intellectual activity

7 Napoleon Bonaparte, Canto 3rd One moment of the mightiest One moment of the mightiest Extreme in all things Extreme in all things For daring made thy rise as fall For daring made thy rise as fall A god unto thyself A god unto thyself deep pride / Is gall and wormwood to an enemy deep pride / Is gall and wormwood to an enemy He stood unbowd He stood unbowd like a tower upon a headlong rock / Thou hadst been made to stand or fall alone like a tower upon a headlong rock / Thou hadst been made to stand or fall alone there is a fire and motion which will not dwell / In its own narrow being, but aspire / Beyond the fitting medium of desire. there is a fire and motion which will not dwell / In its own narrow being, but aspire / Beyond the fitting medium of desire.

8 Byrons Manfred Manfred on the cliff What parallels are there between Manfred and Jesus and Frankensteins Monster? Serpent smile…brotherhood of Cain…thyself to be thy proper Hell…We, half dust, half diety, alike unfit to sink or soar, with our mixd essence make a conflict of its elements. Serpent smile…brotherhood of Cain…thyself to be thy proper Hell…We, half dust, half diety, alike unfit to sink or soar, with our mixd essence make a conflict of its elements. I know thee for a man of many thoughts and deeds of good and ill, extreme in both, fatal and fated in thy sufferings. I know thee for a man of many thoughts and deeds of good and ill, extreme in both, fatal and fated in thy sufferings. And with my knowledge grew thirst of knowledge, and the power and joy of this most bright intelligence. And with my knowledge grew thirst of knowledge, and the power and joy of this most bright intelligence.

9 The Byronic Hero unusually handsome, or inextricably attractive, often to both sexes unusually handsome, or inextricably attractive, often to both sexes wounded or physically, disabled in some way wounded or physically, disabled in some way moody, mysterious, and/or gloomy moody, mysterious, and/or gloomy passionate (both in terms of sexuality and deep emotions generally) passionate (both in terms of sexuality and deep emotions generally) remorse laden (for some unnamed sin, a hidden curse, or crime) remorse laden (for some unnamed sin, a hidden curse, or crime) unrepentant (despite remorse) unrepentant (despite remorse) persecuted by fate persecuted by fate self-reliant (often rejecting people on both physical and emotional levels) self-reliant (often rejecting people on both physical and emotional levels)

10 The Byronic Hero (cont…) is an admirable rebel (against convention, society, religious doctrine) is an admirable rebel (against convention, society, religious doctrine) has a distaste for society and social institutions has a distaste for society and social institutions is isolated (both physically and emotionally) from society (a wanderer, an exile) is isolated (both physically and emotionally) from society (a wanderer, an exile) is not impressed by rank and privilege (though he may possess it) is not impressed by rank and privilege (though he may possess it) is larger-than-life in his ability--and his pride is larger-than-life in his ability--and his pride suffers gloriously from titanic passions suffers gloriously from titanic passions tends to be self-destructive tends to be self-destructive

11 Coleridges Satanic Pride… The Will become Satanic pride and rebellious self-idolatry The Will become Satanic pride and rebellious self-idolatry to find in itself alone one abso- lute motive of action… to find in itself alone one abso- lute motive of action… outward Restlessness and whirling Activity; Violence with guile; Temerity and Cunning… Interminableness of Object with perfect Indifference of Means. outward Restlessness and whirling Activity; Violence with guile; Temerity and Cunning… Interminableness of Object with perfect Indifference of Means. COMMANDING GENIUS! COMMANDING GENIUS! Napoleon – palliative admiration Napoleon – palliative admiration Evil, be thou my good! Evil, be thou my good!

12 Caroline Lamb …the fires that goad him on to his ruin, prevent his return. …the fires that goad him on to his ruin, prevent his return. …never pauses to reflect, or turns his eyes from the object of his pursuit. …never pauses to reflect, or turns his eyes from the object of his pursuit. Glenarvon is the hell thou art to shun…Tell both priests and parents…that one kiss from the lips of those we love, is dearer than every future hope. Glenarvon is the hell thou art to shun…Tell both priests and parents…that one kiss from the lips of those we love, is dearer than every future hope. …to follow after a false lighta man who is in love with crime and baseness…he hath an imagination of fire playing around a heart of ice…a hypocrite. …to follow after a false lighta man who is in love with crime and baseness…he hath an imagination of fire playing around a heart of ice…a hypocrite.

13 Mary Shelley One secret which I alone possessed was the hope to which I had dedicated myself. One secret which I alone possessed was the hope to which I had dedicated myself. I seemed to have lost all soul or sensation but for this one pursuit. I seemed to have lost all soul or sensation but for this one pursuit. Like Adam, I was created apparently united by no link to any other being in existence… Like Adam, I was created apparently united by no link to any other being in existence… I was wretched, helpless, and alone. Many times I considered Satan as the fitter emblem of my condition; for often, like him, when I viewed the bliss of my protectors, the bitter gall of envy rose within me. I was wretched, helpless, and alone. Many times I considered Satan as the fitter emblem of my condition; for often, like him, when I viewed the bliss of my protectors, the bitter gall of envy rose within me. Hateful day when I received life! …Cursed creator! Hateful day when I received life! …Cursed creator!

14 Frankensteins Monster Hideous to all but the blind Hideous to all but the blind Abandoned and confused Abandoned and confused Solitary and detested Solitary and detested God in pity made man beautfiul and alluring, after his own image, but my form is a filthy type of yours, more horrid from its very resemblance. God in pity made man beautfiul and alluring, after his own image, but my form is a filthy type of yours, more horrid from its very resemblance. Seeks revenge against his creator, Dr. Frankenstein Seeks revenge against his creator, Dr. Frankenstein Can be sensitive and kind, even eloquent Can be sensitive and kind, even eloquent Saves a girl from drowning, but is blamed for her death Saves a girl from drowning, but is blamed for her death Afraid of fire (film adaptations) Afraid of fire (film adaptations) Suicidal, self-destructive Suicidal, self-destructive

15 Monster vs. Manfred Monster vs. Manfred High mountain peak (Monster takes his creator there) High mountain peak (Monster takes his creator there) Pastoral Scene (Monster encounters hunters who blame him) Pastoral Scene (Monster encounters hunters who blame him) The Promethean Spark (created Monster) The Promethean Spark (created Monster) Chamois Hunter vs. the Blind Man (friend) Chamois Hunter vs. the Blind Man (friend) Suicide Suicide Thirst of Knowledge Thirst of Knowledge Division of Mind and Body (Monster has a bourgeoning intellect trapped in a hideous body) Division of Mind and Body (Monster has a bourgeoning intellect trapped in a hideous body)

16 Robert Southeys Satanic School English literature had been distinguished by its moral purity English literature had been distinguished by its moral purity The poignancy of a death-bed repentance cannot cancel one copy of the thousands which are sent abroad… The poignancy of a death-bed repentance cannot cancel one copy of the thousands which are sent abroad… Men of diseased hearts and depraved imaginations…have rebelled against the holiest of ordinances of human society…by infecting them with amoral virus that eats into the soul. Men of diseased hearts and depraved imaginations…have rebelled against the holiest of ordinances of human society…by infecting them with amoral virus that eats into the soul. They are characterised by a Satanic spirit of pride and audacious impiety… They are characterised by a Satanic spirit of pride and audacious impiety…

17 John Polidori and the Vampyre Byrons doctor and traveling companion Byrons doctor and traveling companion Byron, Shelley, Mary W., and Palidori: horror story contest at Lake Geneva, 1816 Byron, Shelley, Mary W., and Palidori: horror story contest at Lake Geneva, 1816 Wrote The Vampyre based on the exploits of Byron (attributed even its authorship) Wrote The Vampyre based on the exploits of Byron (attributed even its authorship) Lord Ruthven: an attractive aristocratic social animal, a sexual predator Lord Ruthven: an attractive aristocratic social animal, a sexual predator Later versions (Bram Stokers Dracula) based on this protagonist Later versions (Bram Stokers Dracula) based on this protagonist John Polidori

18 But first on earth, as Vampyre sent, Thy corse shall from its tomb be rent; Then ghastly haunt thy native place, And suck the blood of all thy race; There from thy daughter, sister, wife, At midnight drain the stream of life; Yet loathe the banquet which perforce Must feed thy livid living corse.... -- upon her neck and breast was blood, and upon her throat were the marks of teeth having opened the vein: -- to this the men pointed, crying, simultaneously struck with horror, "A Vampyre! a Vampyre!"

19 Vampire Legend A man of titanic passions (extreme love and cruelty) A man of titanic passions (extreme love and cruelty) Pale skin Pale skin Hypnotic blood-red eyes Hypnotic blood-red eyes No Soul or reflection in mirrors (reflects the soul) No Soul or reflection in mirrors (reflects the soul) Transformation Transformation Christianity a natural enemy against Christianity a natural enemy against Candlelight, sunlight, or the light of Christ used to repel them Candlelight, sunlight, or the light of Christ used to repel them Sexual predator (visited betrothed women at night) Sexual predator (visited betrothed women at night)


Download ppt "The Byronic Hero Michael Stultz ENG 366 - Connolly March 24, 2004."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google