Ag production: (2002) w/ timber $% of state total SJ valley14,420,13548.6 Sac metro area 658,4932.2 Northern valley 1,708,4095.6 Population projections: (in eight counties) 4 million by 2010 5 million by 2020 6 million by 2030 7 million by 2040 How will we preserve land while accommodating population growth ?
We know that the valley is changing… Growing population of diverse groups Divergence within valley communities Valley divergence from state
We also know that historically: 1-CA is most populated state in the US since 1963 Today…36.8 million 2-Ca has been leading Ag in US since 1948(most productive 1. CA (incl. nursery)31.8 billion San Joaquin Valley20.1 2. Texas16.5 3. Iowa14.7 4. Nebraska11.8 5. Minnesota9.8 USDA, NASS, California Field Office, 2004 13.2% of US Total is from California San Joaquin Valley accounts for 63.2% or 8.34% of US
1. Fresno (grapes, almonds, milk) $4.64 2. Tulare (milk, oranges, cattle and calves) 4.36 3. Kern (almonds, grapes, milk) 3.55 4. Monterey (lettuce, strawberries, wine grapes) 3.27 5. Merced (milk, chickens, almond meats) 2.39 6. Stanislaus (milk, almonds, cattle and calves) 1.98 7. San Joaquin (milk, grapes, almond meats) 1.74 8. San Diego (foliage plants, woody ornamentals, avocados) 1.53 9. Kings (milk, cotton, cattle and calves) 1.41 10. Imperial (cattle, alfalfa, leaf and head lettuce) 1.29 California’s Top 10 Agricultural Counties, 2005 (Billions)
San Joaquin Valley Market value of Ag products State(04) Nation(02) State%04 Nation% Fresno11 14.71.4 Tulare22 12.71.2 Kern44 9.91.0 Merced55 7.4.70 Stanislaus66 6.2.61 San Joaquin77 5.1.61 Kings1018 3.8.40 Madera1323 3.4.35 Billion $31.86.27 USDA, NASS 2004
The importance of the valley to the state is that it is the top producing ag area. 6.24% of national sales (California…12.8% of national agriculture sales) Top commodities (in order of production) 2001-2002 Milk/CreamTulare, Merced, Stanislaus, San Bernardino, Kings GrapesKern, Fresno, Tulare, Napa, Sonoma NurserySan Diego, Orange, Riverside, Monterey, Ventura, CattleTulare, Imperial, Fresno, Merced, San Bernardino LettuceMonterey, Imperial, Fresno, Santa Barbara, San Benito AlmondsKern, Stanislaus, Fresno, Merced, Madera OrangesTulare, Kern, Fresno, Ventura, Riverside Hay, AlfalfaImperial, Kern, Tulare, Merced, Fresno 2002 NASS Statistics (http://www.nass.usda.gov/census/census02/volume1/us/index2.htm )http://www.nass.usda.gov/census/census02/volume1/us/index2.htm
Irrigated land Dairy Products Fresno 1Tulare1 Kern 2Merced2 Tulare 3Stanislaus4 San Joaquin 4San Joaquin 9 Merced 5 2/3 of valley 11.4% of nation Stanislaus11 California…17 % of nation California…15.8 %California’s No. 1 Ag Product of nation Fruits, nuts and berries23 % of nation National Rankings http://www.nass.usda.gov/census/census02/volume1/us/index2.htm
Important trends 1-decline in farms (144,000 in 1950 to 77,000 in 2004) There was a large decline, but more productivity/ more value per acre. What about family farms? 2- decrease in total land in farms (37,500,000 acres in 1950 to 26,700,000 in 2004) Loss of acreage because of urbanization and environmental issues causes expansion to lesser quality soils, less access to water 3-increase in acres per farm, economies of size (260 A in 1950 to 347 in 2004)
Now … Look on the Web and find any interesting facts concerning California Agriculture and its place in the nation and world. Where do most of our exports go now? What crops do we grow more than 90 % of the US Production? As you look at the top 10 commodities for California Ag Production, which other states are prominent in each product? Look up information on National Security when it comes to our food supply.