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Should we protect the Land? Is Agriculture Important to California and the Nation? Planning Issues in Agriculture…Lecture 2.

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Presentation on theme: "Should we protect the Land? Is Agriculture Important to California and the Nation? Planning Issues in Agriculture…Lecture 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 Should we protect the Land? Is Agriculture Important to California and the Nation? Planning Issues in Agriculture…Lecture 2

2 Should we protect our Ag Land? Preserve open space Pollution/environment By policy, farmland should be protected ( policy protects land, not farmer)

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7 Ag production: (2002) w/ timber $% of state total SJ valley14,420, Sac metro area 658, Northern valley 1,708, Population projections: (in eight counties) 4 million by million by million by million by 2040 How will we preserve land while accommodating population growth ?

8 We know that the valley is changing… Growing population of diverse groups Divergence within valley communities Valley divergence from state

9 We also know that historically: 1-CA is most populated state in the US since 1963 Today…36.8 million 2-Ca has been leading Ag in US since 1948(most productive 1. CA (incl. nursery)31.8 billion San Joaquin Valley Texas Iowa Nebraska Minnesota9.8 USDA, NASS, California Field Office, % of US Total is from California San Joaquin Valley accounts for 63.2% or 8.34% of US

10 1. Fresno (grapes, almonds, milk) $ Tulare (milk, oranges, cattle and calves) Kern (almonds, grapes, milk) Monterey (lettuce, strawberries, wine grapes) Merced (milk, chickens, almond meats) Stanislaus (milk, almonds, cattle and calves) San Joaquin (milk, grapes, almond meats) San Diego (foliage plants, woody ornamentals, avocados) Kings (milk, cotton, cattle and calves) Imperial (cattle, alfalfa, leaf and head lettuce) 1.29 California’s Top 10 Agricultural Counties, 2005 (Billions)

11 San Joaquin Valley Market value of Ag products State(04) Nation(02) State%04 Nation% Fresno Tulare Kern Merced Stanislaus San Joaquin Kings Madera Billion $ USDA, NASS 2004

12 California’s Top 20 Commodities, 2005 (Billions) 1. Milk and Cream $ Grapes Nursery Almonds Cattle and Calves Lettuce Hay Strawberries Floriculture Tomatoes Chickens Cotton Oranges Pistachios Walnuts Broccoli Carrots Rice Peaches Lemons.278

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14 The importance of the valley to the state is that it is the top producing ag area. 6.24% of national sales (California…12.8% of national agriculture sales) Top commodities (in order of production) Milk/CreamTulare, Merced, Stanislaus, San Bernardino, Kings GrapesKern, Fresno, Tulare, Napa, Sonoma NurserySan Diego, Orange, Riverside, Monterey, Ventura, CattleTulare, Imperial, Fresno, Merced, San Bernardino LettuceMonterey, Imperial, Fresno, Santa Barbara, San Benito AlmondsKern, Stanislaus, Fresno, Merced, Madera OrangesTulare, Kern, Fresno, Ventura, Riverside Hay, AlfalfaImperial, Kern, Tulare, Merced, Fresno 2002 NASS Statistics (http://www.nass.usda.gov/census/census02/volume1/us/index2.htm )http://www.nass.usda.gov/census/census02/volume1/us/index2.htm

15 Irrigated land Dairy Products Fresno 1Tulare1 Kern 2Merced2 Tulare 3Stanislaus4 San Joaquin 4San Joaquin 9 Merced 5 2/3 of valley 11.4% of nation Stanislaus11 California…17 % of nation California…15.8 %California’s No. 1 Ag Product of nation Fruits, nuts and berries23 % of nation National Rankings

16 California’s Top 10 Agricultural Export Markets, 2005 Rank/Country Value Leading Exports (Billions) 1. European Union $2.02 Almonds, Wine, Pistachios 2. Canada 1.76 Lettuce, Strawberries, Table Grapes 3. Japan.940 Rice, Almonds, Hay 4. Mexico.591 Dairy, Table Grapes, Cotton 5. China/Hong Kong.569 Cotton, Table Grapes, Oranges 6. Korea.282 Oranges, Almonds, Cotton 7. Taiwan.228 Cotton, Peaches and Nectarines, Grapes 8. India.175 Almonds, Cotton, Table Grapes 9. Turkey.124 Cotton, Rice, Almonds 10. Indonesia.098 Cotton, Dairy, Table Grapes

17 California’s Top 20 Agricultural Exports, 2004–2005 Commodity Rank, & Percent Change Export Value $1,000 Almonds 1-- 1,369,687 1,840,912 34% Cotton , ,042 11% Wine , , % Dairy and Products , ,362 28% Table Grapes , ,941 19% Oranges, Fresh and Juice , ,029 6% Rice , ,796 14% Walnuts , ,451 32% Pistachios , ,496 67% Tomatoes, Processed , ,010 5%

18 California’s Top 20 Agricultural Exports, 2004–2005 Commodity Rank, & Percent Change Export Value $1,000 Lettuce , ,022 26% Strawberries , ,363 14% Raisins , ,130 7% Peach and Nectarine , ,021 3% Hay , ,986 —% Dried Plums , , % Broccoli , ,049 5% Beef and Products ,071 99,681 24% Lemons ,375 86,367 12% Carrots ,398 82,418 5%

19 Important trends 1-decline in farms (144,000 in 1950 to 77,000 in 2004) There was a large decline, but more productivity/ more value per acre. What about family farms? 2- decrease in total land in farms (37,500,000 acres in 1950 to 26,700,000 in 2004) Loss of acreage because of urbanization and environmental issues causes expansion to lesser quality soils, less access to water 3-increase in acres per farm, economies of size (260 A in 1950 to 347 in 2004)

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21 Now … Look on the Web and find any interesting facts concerning California Agriculture and its place in the nation and world. Where do most of our exports go now? What crops do we grow more than 90 % of the US Production? As you look at the top 10 commodities for California Ag Production, which other states are prominent in each product? Look up information on National Security when it comes to our food supply.


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