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AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2011 COPING WITH CHANGE, 1920-1929.

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Presentation on theme: "AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2011 COPING WITH CHANGE, 1920-1929."— Presentation transcript:

1 AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2011 COPING WITH CHANGE,

2 Focus Questions What economic innovations came in the 1920s, and what was their effect on different social groups? What political and social ideas shaped the administrations of Presidents Harding and Coolidge? What developments underlay 1920s mass culture, and how did they affect American life and leisure? What social developments contributed to the cultural creativity and conflicts of the 1920s? How did Herbert Hoovers social and political thought differ from that of Harding and Coolidge?

3 A New Economic Order

4 Booming Business, Ailing Agriculture After recovering from 1920 depression, economy booms 3% unemployment Tremendous growth in nonfarm economy New consumer goods Automobile Ford Model A Production facilities worldwide High tariffs

5 Fig. 23-1, p. 698

6 Fig. 23-2, p. 699

7 p. 699

8 New Modes of Producing, Managing, and Selling Assembly-line work Fordization Fordism worldwide Business consolidation Corporate giants dominate Chain stores Advertising and credit sales Targeting female consumers

9 23CO, p. 696

10 Struggling Labor Unions in a Business Age Craft unions didnt fit with mass-production Anti-union violence Strikes failed Racial discrimination in unions

11 Stand pat Politics in a Decade of Change

12 The Evolving Presidency: Scandals and Public-Relations Manipulation Warren G. Harding elected in 1920 normalcy Notable cabinet selections Charles Evans Hughes (State), Andrew Mellon (Treasury), Herbert Hoover (Commerce) Harding dies of heart attack in 1923 Weak cabinet picks caught up in scandal Teapot Dome and Sec. of Interior Albert Fall Attorney General committed suicide

13 p. 703


15 Calvin Coolidge Silent Cal Radio addresses

16 Republican Policy Making in a Pro-business Era Supreme Court under Taft Overturned federal ban on child labor Aid for flooding rejected Farm supports rejected

17 p. 705

18 Independent Internationalism Washington Naval Arms Conference Significant arms reductions Kellogg-Briand Pact Renounced aggression and outlawed war

19 Progressive Stirrings, Democratic Party Divisions Rural prenatal and baby-care centers passed Federal Radio Commission established Election of 1924 Republicans nominate Coolidge Progressive Party nominates Robert La Follette in 1924 Democrats split and nominate John Davis Coolidge wins in landslide

20 Women and Politics in the 1920s: Achievements and Setbacks Womens Joint Congressional Committee created Call for constitutional amendment banning child labor rejected by states

21 Mass Society, Mass Culture

22 Cities, Cars, Consumer Goods Urban majority in 1920 census By 1930, 40% of blacks live in cities Laborsaving devices ease housework Store-bought clothes become the norm Growth of automobiles provides freedom of movement

23 Fig. 23-3, p. 707

24 Fig. 23-4, p. 707

25 Mass-Produced Entertainment Mass-circulation magazines Saturday Evening Post and Readers Digest Book-of-the-Month Club Radio KDKA in Pittsburgh reports Harding election NBC and CBS created Amos n Andy Movies The Ten Commandments by Cecil B. De Mille The Jazz Singer introduces synchronized sound Mickey Mouse

26 p. 710

27 p. 697

28 p. 711

29 Celebrity Culture Miss America Babe Ruth-The Sultan of Swat Jack Dempsey and Gene Tunney Charles Lindbergh The Spirit of St. Louis


31 p. 712

32 Cultural Ferment and Creativity

33 The Jazz Age and the Postwar Crisis Media and literary creation New types of behavior Dancing, drinking, parties Sigmund Freud and psychology Changing courtship the flapper Shorter skirts, short hair, make-up, losing the petticoat

34 p. 717

35 p. 714

36 p. 715

37 Alienated Writers The lost generation Rejected old order H.L. Mencken and American Mercury Ernest Hemingway-A Farewell to Arms Sinclair Lewis-Babbitt

38 p. 713

39 The Harlem Renaissance Poet Langston Hughes-The Weary Blues Composer William Grant-Afro American Symphony Artists Aaron Douglas and Augusta Savage Novelist Claude McKay-Home to Harlem Harlem jazz clubs attracted blacks and whites Jazz spreads throughout country and Europe


41 A Society in Conflict

42 Needed Workers/Unwelcome Aliens Hispanic newcomers, immigration soars Farm workers sustained California citrus industry Labor needed

43 p. 719


45 Nativism, Anti-radicalism, and the Sacco- Vanzetti Case Anti-Semitic propaganda in Henry Fords Dearborn Independent Immigrant radicals Sacco and Vanzetti convicted of murder and executed


47 Fundamentalism and the Scopes Trial Tennessee outlawed teaching of evolution ACLU recruits challenger of law Substitute teacher John Scopes tried Defense attorney Clarence Darrow William Jennings Bryan assists prosecution and defends fundamentalist biblical account of creation


49 The Ku Klux Klan Rise of new Klan in 1920s 100 percent Americanism Anti-black, anti-Catholic, anti-Jewish, ant-immigrant Derides lost purity of America Spreads from South throughout country Controls much of government in Oklahoma and Oregon Collapses when Indiana Grand Dragon accused of raping his secretary and he commits suicide

50 p. 721


52 The Garvey Movement Marcus Garvey Universal Negro Improvement Association Urges black economic solidarity Urges blacks to go back to Africa, to Motherland Criticized by most black leaders, including W.E.B. Du Bois and NAACP

53 p. 722


55 Prohibition: Cultures in Conflict Prohibition loses support and is repealed in 1933, 21 st Amendment Drinkers, rum runners, moonshiners become bolder Organized crime rises Speakeasies bring Capone $60 million drys vs. wets 1928 election sees prohibition as major issue

56 Hoover at the Helm

57 The Election of 1928 Democrats nominate Catholic Al Smith Republicans choose Herbert Hoover Distrusted by many conservatives Hoover wins in a landslide

58 Map 23-1, p. 725

59 Table 23-1, p. 725

60 Herbert Hoovers Social Thought The Great Engineer More of an activist than Harding and Coolidge Believed in rational economic development Support voluntarism for businesses to support welfare capitalism Built Boulder (Hoover) Dam Created a Federal Farm Board


62 p. 726

63 AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Spring 2011 COPING WITH CHANGE,

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