Actors Academia – research institutes Industry Other sectors Tools Coded knowledge (publications, patents) Uncoded knowledge (people, ideas) Facilitators Legislation Money Partnerships R&D mindedness Governments!
Intersectoral mobility of researchers Knowledge based society Skills training, joint supervision Research collaboration Human capital: sufficient critical mass Strong economy: R&D intensity
1.Remove administrative barriers, esp. in recruitment 2.Appreciation of institutions through evaluation criteria/incentives 3.Raise awareness: social security, pensions, EU programmes 1.Joint researcher training programmes 2.Employment skills 3.Appreciation of staff through evaluation criteria 4.Professionalise academic staff 1.intersectoral mobility: internship, consultancy 2.Permanent positions for intersectorally mobile staff 1.Joint Ph.D. supervision 2.Align academia-industry interests through framework conditions: co-location, grants, TTO 3.Informal networks SME’s-academia
1.Joint researcher training programmes 2.Employment skills 3.Joint Ph.D. supervision 4.intersectoral mobility: internship, consultancy 5.Appreciation of staff through evaluation criteria 6.Permanent positions for intersectorally mobile staff 7.Remove administrative barriers, esp. in recruitment 8.Align academia-industry interests through framework conditions: co-location, grants, TTO 9.Appreciation of institutions through evaluation criteria/incentives 10.Informal networks SME’s-academia 11.Professionalise academic staff 12.Raise awareness: social security, pensions, EU programmes
Training early-stage researchers Changes in the doctoral training programme : feasible, rewarding and relatively low-cost initiative? fostering university-industry partnership ? enabling researchers’ employability outside academia? Are the outcomes of this new type of research training sufficiently tangible? Or not yet? Have the principles of Innovative Doctoral Training been implemented? Is research training an issue that deserves continued attention? Note: other working groups also focusing on ‘researcher training’
New Ph.D. programme Skills trainingEmployment awareness Collaborative PhD – Postdocs SloveniaXXX SpainXX SwitzerlandXX The Netherlands United KingdomXXX IrelandXXXX Training early-stage researchers (2/2)
Researchers: demand/supply – appraisal Japan US
Researchers: demand/supply – appraisal Sectoral distribution of doctorate holders, 2009 (OECD, CDH dataset)
Researchers: demand/supply – appraisal Focus of activities on R1-R2 level researchers Increase in number of PhD graduates ? Supply-demand? Application of research skills in the new job environment ? Sufficient appreciation of research experience outside academia ? Sufficient appreciation of non-academic experience inside academia – especially on R3-R4 levels? Monitoring? Is intersectoral mobility typical for early career stage ?
Increase Ph.D. Numbers: supply/demand Appreciation outside acad (R1, R2) Appreciation within acad (R3, R4) SloveniaX Spain SwitzerlandX The Netherlands United KingdomX IrelandXXX Researchers: demand/supply – appraisal (2/2)
Administrative – legal issues – government support Are administration, IP and pensions no longer a problem, or no longer a priority? What about internships & legal impediments? Government initiatives such as tax incentives, structural reorganisation?
Some surprisingly similar concerns & observations: -supply vs. demand / lack of understanding / problem specific in particular disciplines (humanities!) -Partnerships / focus on SME’s -Smart specialisation / building on strengths -Focus on skills & training But… is there a continuum in the type of activities and incentives corresponding with the level of innovation and gradually improving innovation performance?
SpecialisationEU-funds: Marie Curie, ESF, Tempus SME-focusR&D focused programmes AustriaXX BelgiumXXX Czech Republic EstoniaXX FinlandX France GreeceXX MoldovaXX Innovation performance levels (1/2)
SpecialisationEU-funds: Marie Curie, ESF, Tempus SME-focusR&D focused programmes SloveniaXX Spain SwitzerlandX The Netherlands United KingdomX IrelandX Innovation performance levels (2/2)
Reflection time: What do we have? -Policy model for fostering intersectoral mobility -Revisit of 2006 recommendations -Overview of current situation in every country Anything missing? Any issue we may have overlooked? Any country misrepresented? Any other approaches we could take to address these issues?
Reflection time: What do we have? -Policy model for fostering intersectoral mobility -Revisit of 2006 recommendations -Overview of current situation in every country Where are we going? -What works? Why? How? -The next step: recommendations?