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REALISM Began in the mid-1800s Began in the mid-1800s Real people-workers, peasants, family members Real people-workers, peasants, family members Muted.

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Presentation on theme: "REALISM Began in the mid-1800s Began in the mid-1800s Real people-workers, peasants, family members Real people-workers, peasants, family members Muted."— Presentation transcript:

1 REALISM Began in the mid-1800s Began in the mid-1800s Real people-workers, peasants, family members Real people-workers, peasants, family members Muted tones to represent real life Muted tones to represent real life Influenced by earlier artists Influenced by earlier artists Pieter Bruegel the Elder-scenes depicting peasant life Pieter Bruegel the Elder-scenes depicting peasant life Louis Le Nain--depicted peasant families Louis Le Nain--depicted peasant families Chardin-peaceful scenes of middle- class life Chardin-peaceful scenes of middle- class life

2 Author of the Realist Manifesto Proclaimed: "Show me an angel, and I will paint one." Held a one-man art show called the Pavilion of Realism Gustave Courbet

3 Burial at Omans Funeral of common people set in Courbet's hometown Real people are important and worthy of grand art

4 Stonebreakers Even lowly workers are worthy of being depicted in art Muted colors help convey the seriousness of real life

5 Famous for political lithographs that satirized French society Grouped with Realists because of his interest in common people Daumier

6 Rue Transnonain Tragic scene of a family executed by the police in their apartment

7 MARIE-ROSALIE (ROSA) BONHEUR, The Horse Fair, 1853–1855 Famous for her realistic paintings of animals Horse Fair-realistic depiction of horses, buyers and sellers

8 Edouard Manet Early paintings have realistic qualities but later paintings include Impressionistic qualities Challenged French conventions, inspired Impressionists

9 Luncheon on the Grass Revolutionary because it depicts a nude woman sitting with two clothed men in a picnic setting Traditional elements-Composition based on Giorgione's Pastoral Symphony; references to Raphael's Judgment of Paris Revolutionary elements-Central figure is naked and looking at the viewer Rejected by the Salon and displayed at the Salon des Refuses of 1863

10 Olympia Recumbent nude female Olympia is in front of the picture plane; not a goddess Critics lambaste Manet's technique and subject matter

11 Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Group of English Realist painters from the mid-19th century Rejected the subject matter of the French Realists Subject matter based on literature, famous fictional stories Realistic paintings but scenes resemble a fantasy world

12 JOHN EVERETT MILLAIS, Ophelia, 1852

13 Photography Early photographs were called daguerreotypes A new medium to rival painting Ingres and Degas used photography as an aid Most painters felt threatened

14 LOUIS-JACQUES-MANDÉ DAGUERRE, Still Life in Studio, 1837. Daguerreotype.

15 Nadar Famous French portrait photographer Pioneer in aerial photography

16 Eadweard Muybridge Horse Galloping, 1878 Pioneer in sequential motion photography Technique influenced later artists such as Duchamp

17 Winslow Homer American painter who popularized the use of watercolors Famous for seascapes and Civil War scenes


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