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USING APPLIED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BY HOWARD HENDERSON CHAPTER 2 AGRISCIENCE/TECHNOLOGY.

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Presentation on theme: "USING APPLIED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BY HOWARD HENDERSON CHAPTER 2 AGRISCIENCE/TECHNOLOGY."— Presentation transcript:

1 USING APPLIED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BY HOWARD HENDERSON CHAPTER 2 AGRISCIENCE/TECHNOLOGY

2 DEFINITION OF AGRISCIENCE IT IS THE USE OF SCIENCE IN PRODUCING FOOD, FIBER AND SHELTER APPLIED SCIENCE ANSWERS THE QUESTION WHAT SHOULD I DO? WHAT CHEMICAL TO USE BASIC SCIENCE ANSWERS THE QUESTION WHY DOES IT DO WHAT IT DOES? EX. WHY CHEMICAL WORKS

3 TECHNOLOGY PRACTICAL USE OF SCIENCE- USUALLY INCREASES FOOD PRODUCTION DEVELOPMENT OF BST IN DAIRY TO INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF MILK ONE COW WILL PRODUCE *ADVANTAGE - LESS COWS NEEDED *DISADVANTAGE - LESS DAIRY FARMERS NEEDED

4 LEADERSHIP AND TECHNOLOGY AGRISCIENTISTS AND GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS OFTEN MAKE DECISIONS ABOUT WHAT WILL BE AVAILABLE EXAMPLE WOULD BE IN THE US MONSANTO DEVELOPED A SOYBEAN THAT PRODUCES STERILE SEED;THEY DECIDED NOT TO PUT IT ON THE MARKET

5 FOUR AREAS OF SCIENCE MATHEMATICS - WEIGHT TO BUY AND SELL A PRODUCT; LAND SURVEYING PHSICAL SCIENCE - NONLIVING MATTER EARTH SCIENCE/CHEMISTY/PHYSICS EXAMPLE ACCURATE WEATHER/FERTILIZER/LOADING RAMPS

6 FOUR AREAS CONT. LIFE SCIENCE - STUDY OF LIVING THINGS INCLUDES BOTONY AND ZOOLOGY WAYS TO MAKE PLANTS AND ANIMALS GROW BETTER SOCIAL SCIENCE -BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE: WHY PEOPLE RESPOND AS THEY DO TO FOOD

7 AGRONOMY DEALS WITH THE STUDY OF PLANTS AND HOW THEY RELATE TO THE SOIL PURPOSE IS TO IMPROVE CROP PRODUCTION AND CONSERVE NATURAL RESOURCES

8 HORTICULTURE SCIENCE OF GROWING FRUITS,NUTS AND VEGETABLES ALSO INCLUDES FLOWERS AND ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS AND VINES

9 FORESTRY SCIENCE OF GROWING AND USING FORESTS TWO TYPES OF FORESTS : CULTURED - TREES ARE PLANTED AND CARED FOR NATIVE - TREES THAT GROW WILD;USUALLY A MIXTURE OF TYPES

10 ENTOMOLOGY BRANCH OF ZOOLOGY THAT DEALS WITH INSECTS AND RELATED SMALL ANIMALS INCLUDES BENEFICIAL INSECTS - HONEYBEE HARMFUL INSECTS - CORN BORERS

11 ANIMAL SCIENCE AREA OF AGRISCIENCE DEALING WITH THE PRODUCTION OF ANIMALS FOR FOOD ANIMALS USED FOR MEAT INCLUDE CATTLE, HOGS, SHEEP, GOATS, BISON, EMUS AND LLAMAS

12 POULTRY SCIENCE AREA DEALING WITH RAISING CHICKENS AND RELATED FOWL(BIRDS) MOST IMPORTANT - CHICKENS OTHERS INCLUDE - TURKEYS, DUCKS, GEESE, PHEASANTS, QUAIL, AND GUINEA

13 AQUACULTURE IS THE SCIENCE OF WATER FARMING DEALS WITH BOTH AQUATIC PLANTS AND ANIMALS EXAMPLES OF PLANTS - WATER CHESTNUTS AND WATER CRESS EXAMPLES OF ANIMALS - TROUT AND ALLIGATORS

14 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE INVOLVES WAYS OF WISELY USING AND PROTECTING THE THINGS AROUND US EMPHASIS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE INCLUDE THE AIR, SOIL, WATER, WILDLIFE, NATIVE PLANTS AND MINERALS

15 MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE USE OF MACHINES AND EQUIPMENT TO DO WORK EXAMPLES ARE DEVELOPING : TRACTORS, GREENHOUSES, PONDS, HARVESTING EQUIPMENT,ETC.

16 SCIENTIFIC METHOD FIVE IMPORTANT STEPS STEP ONE : IDENTIFY THE PROBLEM EXAMPLE - TOO MUCH BACKFAT IN LOCAL PIGS USED FOR SLAUGHTER STEP TWO : GET INFORMATION EXAMPLE - COLLECT DATA FROM SLAUGHTER HOUSES IN AREA

17 SCIENTIFIC METHOD CONT. STEP 3: SUGGEST AN ANSWER EXAMPLE - USE A SUPERIOR BOAR ON AREA SOW HERDS STEP 4 : EXPERIMENT EXAMPLE - FEED OUT OFFSPRING AND COMPARE CUT OUT DATA STEP 5 : FORM CONCLUSIONS EXAMPLE - NEED TO USE NEW GENETICS IN OUR AREA

18 RESEARCH AGRISCIENCE RESEARCH IS CARRIED OUT BY LAND-GRANT UNIVERSITIES, AGRICULTURAL AGENCIES, AGRIBUSINESSES AND OTHER GROUPS A FEW FARMS DO RESEARCH

19 NEW AREAS OF AGRISCIENCE BIOTECHNOLOGY GENETIC ENGINEERING REMOTE SENSING LASER TECHNOLGY COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE RADIATION

20 BIOTECHNOLOGY EXAMPLES OF BIOTECH : DEVELOPING VACCINES PRODUCTS THAT WILL CAUSE LIVESTOCK TO PRODUCE MORE MEAT ON LESS FOOD DEVELOPING BACTERIA THAT WILL CONSUME WASTES

21 GENETIC ENGINEERING DEVELOP CROPS THAT ARE INSECT RESISTANCE DEVELOP A TOMATO THAT IS ROT RESISTANCE DEVELOP A CROP PLANT THAT KILLS THE WEEDS AROUND THEM

22 REMOTE SENSING INVOLVES GATHERING AND RECORDING DATA FROM A GREAT DISTANCE WEATHER INFORMATION RESOURCE LOCATION CROP PESTS PROTECTING NATURAL RESOURCES

23 LASER TECHNOLOGY A DEVICE THAT PRODUCES A SPECIAL KIND OF LIGHT LAND FORMING MONITORING PROCESSES SCANNING - SUPERMARKETS

24 COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE USING COMPUTERS TO SOLVE PROBLEMS IN AGRISCIENCE DESIGNING FACILITIES DEVELOPING PRODUCTS MODELING NATURAL RESOURCES

25 RADIATION USE OF RADIATION PREVENTING SPOILAGE OF FOOD BY KILLING BACTERIA THAT MAY BE ON OR IN A FOOD PRODUCT KEEPING INSECTS OUT OF STORED FOOD

26 ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH AGRI/TECHNOLOGY FOOD SAFETY POLLUTION CONSERVATION OF RESOURCES HUMAN RIGHTS : EXAMPLE - FOOD PRODUCTS SHOULD NOT BE IMPORTED FROM A NATION WHERE PESTICIDES ARE BEING USED IMPROPERLY


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