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Harry Dhaul Director General, IPPAI Aviation Security And The Importance Of Training For Emergency Response And Security ATC GUILD (INDIA) SEMINAR 20t.

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Presentation on theme: "Harry Dhaul Director General, IPPAI Aviation Security And The Importance Of Training For Emergency Response And Security ATC GUILD (INDIA) SEMINAR 20t."— Presentation transcript:

1 Harry Dhaul Director General, IPPAI Aviation Security And The Importance Of Training For Emergency Response And Security ATC GUILD (INDIA) SEMINAR 20t & 21 th October 2014, New Delhi

2 Aviation Security Aviation Security (AVSEC) includes the technique to safeguard flight operations, passengers, staff from accidents and unlawful interference; and the prevention of such failures through regulation, education, and training. It can also be applied in the context of campaigns that inform the public as to the safety of air travel. Whether you work for an airline, airport, civil aviation authority or AVSEC service provider, it is crucial to understand current threats and risks to security and how to manage them.

3 Aviation Security in India IA aircraft was hijacked and destroyed in the wake of 1971 war with Pakistan. AI aircraft crash of 1985 (Kanishka) led to establishment of the Bureau of Civil Aviation Security independent of DGCA. Aircraft Hijacking IA 814 in 1999 brought back the concept of exclusive force for airport security. Dedicated Sky Marshall from the National Security Guard to ensure security aboard airliner in India. Dedicated CISF Contingent earmarked for aviation security. It has been notified as Aviation Security Group (ASG) to bring in unified work culture.

4 Airport Security  Adequate Training for Security personnel.  Multiple Explosive Identification using New Age Technology and Method.  Hi-tech equipment for passenger body scanning.

5 Emergency Response Trg For Crew members  Most Air Steward in India do not undergo Emergency Slide training.  ATR-72 Air Steward seldom inform passengers about Emergency Exit doors.  Recurrent Emergency Response Training be mandatory for all Cabin Crew members emphasizing on the latest procedures and methodology.

6 A incident that can change the way we think.

7 Reporting Incident and Snags  Pilots and ATC reluctant to report incident due to fear of tedious investigation by DGCA.  AMEs tend to compromise safety by not reporting minor snags which could lead to a disastrous outcome.  Airline staff fiddle with trim sheet to cut amount of workload.

8 English Proficiency For Pilots And ATCs  English Proficiency Test to be strictly carried out as per ICAO guidelines.  Air Traffic Controllers should also undergo mandatory English Proficiency Test.  Two way communication between ATC and Pilot as well as pilot and Foreign Pilot  DGCA should ensure that English Proficiency Test is conducted in line with ICAO guidelines.

9 Safety Is No Accident! AVIATION SAFETY Environmental Factors Mechanical Factors Human Factors Runway Conditions Terrain Weight & Balance Pre-Flight Inspection Maintenance Weather Fatigue Illness Stress Safe aviation operations are more than just the lack of accidents – safety comes from consistent attention to the factors in all sectors of the Aviation Safety Triangle.

10 Is Security becoming too complicated?

11 Future of Aviation Security Aviation Security International Coordination and Cooperation Technology Integration at Check point Common Technology Interface Platforms Standard T & E Methodologies Advanced Threat Detection

12 Jolly Grant Phenomena  Can a lapse in security protocol at small airport lead to a disastrous incidents.  How do we ensure adequate security measures are in place at smaller airport.

13 Security and Emergency Scenarios IC 491 Aurangabad Accident – Multiple Factor: 1.Overloading of the Aircraft. 2.Fudging of Trim Sheet by ground staff. 3.Non availability of Fire Engines and Emergency Response Personnel. 4.Loss of 55 passengers from a total of 188.

14 Security and Emergency Scenarios IX 812 Mangalore Crash – Multiple Factor: 1.Fatigue Crew Members. 2.Pilot error. A/c following the wrong flight path. 3.Delay in Fire Services & Emergency Response Personnel. 4.Death toll of 163 passengers and 6 cabin crew.

15 Security and Emergency Scenarios MH370 sudden disappearance

16 Security and Emergency Scenarios The Mystery of the Malaysian Airlines MH17 Crash Over Ukraine. 1.The plane went down over territory held by pro-Russian rebels, killing all 283 passengers and 15 crew on board 2.The deadliest airliner shoot down in history.

17 Are We Prepared For An Emergency Airlines need to be equipped with Smoke Masks incase of a fire on board as most deaths take place due to the excessive smoke and not the fire.

18 Are Airports Prepared For Emergencies?  IGIA does not adequate emergency equipment.  No Helicopter evacuation facilities.  No Standard procedure for air crash outside of airports.  NDMA does recognise air crash in New Delhi as a disaster.  Only one hospital has a burn ward in New Delhi.

19 Creating Security Emergency Plan  Establish a local committee represented by airport management, airport tenants, and local law enforcement.  Determine who is responsible for activating the Emergency Operations Center (EOC), which may be required to facilitate a central location for command and control.  Develop a checklist to use during a security event.  Use the guidance of the DGCA’s Security Guidelines for General Aviation Airports.  Include a list of personnel, airport facilities, surveillance, security procedures, communications, and specialty operations.  Incorporate security procedures addressing the concerns identified in the AEP.  Establish airport evacuation and facility lock-down procedures.

20 Effective Emergency Response Plan

21 Conclusion  India has in place necessary organization and regulatory system to ensure protection of aviation from unlawful interference.  Commitment exists to bring into line all standards, procedures, regulations and rules in line with Annex 17.  Aviation organizations should establish and maintain a safety management system that conforms to all of the requirements of applicable DGCA’s Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR) and Standards.  Any incident which has safety implications should be investigated and any necessary corrective action taken. Where remedial action cannot be taken, reasons should be recorded.


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