Presentation on theme: "Presentation by: Vanessa Sánchez-Negrón Universidad del Sagrado Corazón Departamento de Educación EDU 324: Elementary Children's Literature in the ESL."— Presentation transcript:
Presentation by: Vanessa Sánchez-Negrón Universidad del Sagrado Corazón Departamento de Educación EDU 324: Elementary Children's Literature in the ESL Classroom Professor Naomi Vega Nieves
Objectives Explain and describe the genre. State the types or categories within the genre. Explain and describe each type. Inform the best or classic examples of books of the genre and the authors. Bring samples of books of the genre and types for the audience to see and explore. Provide examples of books or stories of the genre by grade level (K -2, 3-4, 5-6).
What is Modern Fantasy? Modern fantasy has magic and enchantment! Modern fantasy has magic and enchantment! Highly fanciful and supernatural elements that do not occur in real life. Highly fanciful and supernatural elements that do not occur in real life. The story elements break the natural physical laws of our world without explanation. The story elements break the natural physical laws of our world without explanation. In modern fantasy the authors are known, unlike traditional fantasy where the authors are unknown. In modern fantasy the authors are known, unlike traditional fantasy where the authors are unknown.
What is Modern Fantasy? (continued) Modern fantasy has a variety of magical elements. Modern fantasy has a variety of magical elements. High quality and well written modern fantasy does not use the elements of magic lightly or casually, it has a specific purpose in the story. High quality and well written modern fantasy does not use the elements of magic lightly or casually, it has a specific purpose in the story.
Types of Fantasy Animal Fantasy Animal Fantasy The characters are anthropomorphic animals, which means they possess human characteristics. They can think, act, live and express emotions like humans. Literary fairy tale Literary fairy tale It follows the patterns set by the oral traditional folklore but it is written by an identifiable author.
Animated object fantasy Animated object fantasy This type of fantasy brings to life inanimate objects like a toy boat, train, doll, a big machine, or a loving tree. Human with fantasy character Human with fantasy character An ordinary human with a fantasy creature are the main characters. The fantasy creature can be a monster, a strange beast, or even an element of nature. Types of Fantasy (continued)
Extraordinary person Extraordinary person The characters are humans who are unrealistic or extraordinary in some way, such as possessing strange powers or unusual size. Miniature humans Flying people Talking with animals Extraordinary abilities Types of Fantasy (continued)
Enchanted Journey Enchanted Journey The story begins in the real world, but the main character is transported to another world, which is often an enchanted realm. Journey to fantasyland Journey to the historical past Types of Fantasy (continued)
High Fantasy High Fantasy Colorful adventure, enchantment, and heroism are the hallmarks of high fantasy (Colbath, 1971). The protagonist engages in a monumental struggle against a powerful evil force in the ageless struggle of good and evil. The story may begin in the real word (known as primary world) but the major setting is a self-contained fictional world that is inhabited by imaginary creatures and has its own time frame (secondary world). Types of Fantasy (continued)
Supernatural Fantasy Supernatural Fantasy Explores the possibilities offered by the supernatural. Beings that exist outside the natural world like ghosts or by powers that go beyond natural forces like telepathy. Supernatural powers Communication with spirits and/ or ghost
Types of Fantasy (continued) Science Fiction Science Fiction Uses advanced technological wonders instead of magic. Uses advanced technological wonders instead of magic. Incredible and inconceivable characters and events are given rational scientific-sounding explanations. Incredible and inconceivable characters and events are given rational scientific-sounding explanations. The time setting can be the past, present day with some type of secret advanced technology or in the future. The time setting can be the past, present day with some type of secret advanced technology or in the future. Based on scientific extrapolation in which speculative scientific developments and discoveries are reality. Based on scientific extrapolation in which speculative scientific developments and discoveries are reality.
Types of Fantasy (continued) Unlikely Situation Unlikely Situation There is no magic, and none of the characters are a talking animal, live toy, monster, ghost, or other unearthly creature. There is no magic, and none of the characters are a talking animal, live toy, monster, ghost, or other unearthly creature. The story may have realistic characters and setting. The story may have realistic characters and setting. The key is that the characters engage in completely unrealistic situations. The key is that the characters engage in completely unrealistic situations. Example: A maid that takes her household chores literally. When the maid is asked to dust the furniture, she puts dusting powder all over the furniture. Example: A maid that takes her household chores literally. When the maid is asked to dust the furniture, she puts dusting powder all over the furniture.
Examples of Animal Fantasy Frog and Toad Are Friends by Arnold Nobel Charlotte’s Web by E.B. White A Bear Called Paddington by Michael Bond The Cat in the Hat by Dr. Seuss Sylvester and the Magic Pebble by William Steig
K – 3 rd 4 th – 6 th 2 nd – 4 th K – 2 nd K – 3 rd
Examples of Literary Fairy Tale The Moorchild by Eloise Jarvis McGraw The King’s Equal by Katherine Paterson The Stinky Cheese Man and Other Fairly Stupid Fairytales by Jon Scieszka The Three Pigs/ Los Tres Cerdos by Bobbi Salinas Knee-Knock Rise by Natalie Babbitt
Examples of Animated Object Fantasy The Velveteen Rabbit by Margery Williams Alexander and the Wind-Up Mouse by Leo Lionni Winnie the Pooh by A.A. Milne Choo Choo: The Story of a Little Engine Who Ran Away by Virginia Lee Burton The Giving Tree by Shel Silverstein
Examples of Human with Fantasy Character The Imp That Ate My Homework by Laurence Yep There’s a Nightmare in My Closet by Mercer Mayer Flossie & the Fox by Patricia McKissack James and the Giant Peach by Roald Dahl The Teacher from the Black Lagoon by Mike Thaler
3 rd – 6 th 1 st – 4 th K - 3 rd 4 th – 6 th K - 3 rd
Examples of Extraordinary Person The Borrowers by Mary Norton Abuela by Arthur Dorros The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle by Hugh Lofting Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl Sideways Stories from Wayside School by Louis Sachar
Examples of Enchanted Journey Alice’s Adventure in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum Peter Pan and Wendy by Sir James M. Barrie The Devil’s Arithmetic by Jane Yolen Dinosaurs before Dare by Mary Pope Osborne
Examples of High Fantasy The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien The Magician’s Nephew by C.S. Lewis The Blue Sword by Robin McKinley Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’ Stone by J.K Rowling Shadowmancer by G.P. Taylor
The Dragon of Doom by Bruce Coville Book of Magic: Tales to Cast a Spell on You by Bruce Coville Behind the Attic Wall by Sylvia Cassedy A Time of Angels by Karen Hesse Stonewords by Pam Conrad Examples of Supernatural Fantasy
Examples of Science Fiction From the Earth to the Moon by Jules Verne This Place Has No Atmosphere by Paula Danziger A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L’Engle Lost in Cyberspace by Richard Peck The City of Ember by Jeanne DuPrau
Miss Nelson is Missing by Harry Allard And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street by Dr. Seuss A Series of Unfortunate Events by Daniel Handler Amelia Bedelia by Peggy Parish Madeline by Ludwig Bemelmans Examples of Unlikely Situation
Guide Questions to Select Modern Fantasy Books Is the theme worthwhile for children? Is the plot original? Are the fantasy elements of the story well developed? Is the setting authentic and integral in the story? Does the author’s characterization allow readers to suspend disbelief? Is the story logical and consistent within its chosen format?
Guide Questions (continued) Is the point of view consistent? Does the author use appropriate language that is believable and consistent with the story? For high fantasy: Is the main character truly heroic? Are all the characters plausible in their own setting? Is the secondary world believable? Is the quest purposeful?
Guide Questions (continued) For science fiction: Is the technology convincing? Are purposeful questions about the future raised?
References Anderson, N. A. (2002). Modern Fantasy. Elementary children's literature: the basics for teachers and parents (2 ed., pp. 113- 146). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Exodus Books - Animal Stories: Fantasy. (n.d.). Exodus Books. Retrieved April 7, 2011, from http://www.exodusbooks.com/category.aspx?id=5906 Funke, C. (n.d.). Amazon.com: Children's Fantasy Books. Amazon.com. Retrieved April 7, 2011, from http://www.amazon.com/Childrens-Fantasy- Books/lm/3CELZYQPNOJ7 Popular Modern Fantasy Books. (n.d.). Share Book. Retrieved April 7, 2011, from http://www.goodreads.com/shelf/show/modern-fantasy